List of Countries in Africa
As the second largest continent, Africa has an area of 30.3 million square kilometers, which represents 20.4 percent of the Earth’s land area. The name Africa derives from Roman times. In Roman times, “Africa” was the name of the Carthage area of present-day northeast Tunisia. Later, Africa became the name of the south coast of the Mediterranean and has been the name of the African continent since the Middle Ages.
Geographically, the Mediterranean and the Strait of Gibraltar separate Africa from Europe to the north. Africa has land connection with Asia to the northeast; The Suez Canal is considered the distinction between the two continents. By the way, Africa is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, the Indian Ocean to the southeast and east, and the Red Sea to the northeast.
The highest mountain is Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, 5895 meters above sea level. The longest river is the Nile, which has a length of 6671 kilometers, and the largest lake is Lake Victoria in East Africa with a surface area of 68,800 square kilometers.
How Many Countries in Africa
Africa is often divided into the regions of North Africa, West Africa, Central Africa, South Africa and East Africa. The continent consists of 54 independent states and 8 territories. In addition, 2 states come with limited or lack of international recognition: Somaliland and Western Sahara. Three states are monarchies, and the rest are republics.
Africa’s largest country is Algeria; the least is the Seychelles. The Gambia is the smallest country on the African mainland.
Map of African Countries
Surrounded by the East Indian and West Atlantic Oceans, Africa means “place where the sun is hot” in Latin. See below for map of Africa and all state flags.
Although most countries are undeveloped, Africa is one of the best travel destinations in the world. Top destinations include Maasai Mara National Reserve (Kenya), Victoria Falls (Zambia), Pyramids of Giza (Egypt), Cape Town (South Africa) and Marrakech (Morocco).
Alphabetical List of All Countries in Africa
As of 2020, there are a total of 54 countries in Africa. Among all African countries, Nigeria is the largest one by population and Seychelles is the smallest. See the following for full list of African countries and dependencies in alphabetical order:
|1||Algeria||People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria||Northern Africa|
|2||Angola||Republic of Angola||Central Africa|
|3||Benin||Republic of Benin||Western Africa|
|4||Botswana||Republic of Botswana||Southern Africa|
|5||Burkina Faso||Burkina Faso||Western Africa|
|6||Burundi||Republic of Burundi||Eastern Africa|
|7||Cameroon||Republic of Cameroon||Central Africa|
|8||Cabo Verde (formerly Cape Verde)||Republic of Cabo Verde||Western Africa|
|9||Central African Republic||Central African Republic||Central Africa|
|10||Chad||Republic of Chad||Central Africa|
|11||Comoros||Union of the Comoros||Eastern Africa|
|12||Côte d’Ivoire||Republic of Côte d’Ivoire||Western Africa|
|13||Democratic Republic of the Congo||Democratic Republic of the Congo||Central Africa|
|14||Djibouti||Republic of Djibouti||Eastern Africa|
|15||Egypt||Arab Republic of Egypt||Northern Africa|
|16||Equatorial Guinea||Republic of Equatorial Guinea||Central Africa|
|17||Eritrea||State of Eritrea||Eastern Africa|
|18||Eswatini (formerly Swaziland)||Kingdom of Eswatini||Southern Africa|
|19||Ethiopia||Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia||Eastern Africa|
|20||Gabon||Gabonese Republic||Central Africa|
|21||Gambia||Republic of the Gambia||Western Africa|
|22||Ghana||Republic of Ghana||Western Africa|
|23||Guinea||Republic of Guinea||Western Africa|
|24||Guinea-Bissau||Republic of Guinea-Bissau||Western Africa|
|25||Kenya||Republic of Kenya||Eastern Africa|
|26||Lesotho||Kingdom of Lesotho||Southern Africa|
|27||Liberia||Republic of Liberia||Western Africa|
|28||Libya||State of Libya||Northern Africa|
|29||Madagascar||Republic of Madagascar||Eastern Africa|
|30||Malawi||Republic of Malawi||Eastern Africa|
|31||Mali||Republic of Mali||Western Africa|
|32||Mauritania||Islamic Republic of Mauritania||Western Africa|
|33||Mauritius||Republic of Mauritius||Eastern Africa|
|34||Morocco||Kingdom of Morocco||Northern Africa|
|35||Mozambique||Republic of Mozambique||Eastern Africa|
|36||Namibia||Republic of Namibia||Southern Africa|
|37||Niger||Republic of the Niger||Western Africa|
|38||Nigeria||Federal Republic of Nigeria||Western Africa|
|39||Republic of the Congo||Republic of the Congo||Central Africa|
|40||Rwanda||Republic of Rwanda||Eastern Africa|
|41||Sao Tome and Principe||Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe||Central Africa|
|42||Senegal||Republic of Senegal||Western Africa|
|43||Seychelles||Republic of Seychelles||Eastern Africa|
|44||Sierra Leone||Republic of Sierra Leone||Western Africa|
|45||Somalia||Federal Republic of Somalia||Eastern Africa|
|46||South Africa||Republic of South Africa||Southern Africa|
|47||South Sudan||Republic of South Sudan||Eastern Africa|
|48||Sudan||Republic of the Sudan||Northern Africa|
|49||Tanzania||United Republic of Tanzania||Eastern Africa|
|50||Togo||Togolese Republic||Western Africa|
|51||Tunisia||Republic of Tunisia||Northern Africa|
|52||Uganda||Republic of Uganda||Eastern Africa|
|53||Zambia||Republic of Zambia||Eastern Africa|
|54||Zimbabwe||Republic of Zimbabwe||Eastern Africa|
Dependencies in Africa
Besides 54 independent nations, there are also two dependencies in Africa.
Facts about Africa
- The Nile River can be seen from space.
- Hunger strikes thirty African countries with extreme force, especially those in the contiguous areas of the Sahara.
- Africa’s current political division took shape in the 1960’s and 1970’s, forming 54 independent countries.
- Africa is the only continent in the world cut by three parallels: the Equator Line, as well as the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn.