List of Countries in Africa


As the second largest continent, Africa has an area of 30.3 million square kilometers, which represents 20.4 percent of the Earth’s land area. The name Africa derives from Roman times. In Roman times, “Africa” ​​was the name of the Carthage area of ​​present-day northeast Tunisia. Later, Africa became the name of the south coast of the Mediterranean and has been the name of the African continent since the Middle Ages.

Geographically, the Mediterranean and the Strait of Gibraltar separate Africa from Europe to the north. Africa has land connection with Asia to the northeast; The Suez Canal is considered the distinction between the two continents. By the way, Africa is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, the Indian Ocean to the southeast and east, and the Red Sea to the northeast.

The highest mountain is Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, 5895 meters above sea level. The longest river is the Nile, which has a length of 6671 kilometers, and the largest lake is Lake Victoria in East Africa with a surface area of ​​68,800 square kilometers.

How Many Countries in Africa

Africa is often divided into the regions of North Africa, West Africa, Central Africa, South Africa and East Africa. The continent consists of 54 independent states and 8 territories. In addition, 2 states come with limited or lack of international recognition: Somaliland and Western Sahara. Three states are monarchies, and the rest are republics.

Africa’s largest country is Algeria; the least is the Seychelles. The Gambia is the smallest country on the African mainland.

Map of African Countries

Surrounded by the East Indian and West Atlantic Oceans, Africa means “place where the sun is hot” in Latin. See below for map of Africa and all state flags.

Map of African Countries

Although most countries are undeveloped, Africa is one of the best travel destinations in the world. Top destinations include Maasai Mara National Reserve (Kenya), Victoria Falls (Zambia), Pyramids of Giza (Egypt), Cape Town (South Africa) and Marrakech (Morocco).

Alphabetical List of All Countries in Africa

As of 2020, there are a total of 54 countries in Africa. Among all African countries, Nigeria is the largest one by population and Seychelles is the smallest. See the following for full list of African countries and dependencies in alphabetical order:

# Country Official Name Region
1 Algeria People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria Northern Africa
2 Angola Republic of Angola Central Africa
3 Benin Republic of Benin Western Africa
4 Botswana Republic of Botswana Southern Africa
5 Burkina Faso Burkina Faso Western Africa
6 Burundi Republic of Burundi Eastern Africa
7 Cameroon Republic of Cameroon Central Africa
8 Cabo Verde (formerly Cape Verde) Republic of Cabo Verde Western Africa
9 Central African Republic Central African Republic Central Africa
10 Chad Republic of Chad Central Africa
11 Comoros Union of the Comoros Eastern Africa
12 Côte d’Ivoire Republic of Côte d’Ivoire Western Africa
13 Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo Central Africa
14 Djibouti Republic of Djibouti Eastern Africa
15 Egypt Arab Republic of Egypt Northern Africa
16 Equatorial Guinea Republic of Equatorial Guinea Central Africa
17 Eritrea State of Eritrea Eastern Africa
18 Eswatini (formerly Swaziland) Kingdom of Eswatini Southern Africa
19 Ethiopia Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Eastern Africa
20 Gabon Gabonese Republic Central Africa
21 Gambia Republic of the Gambia Western Africa
22 Ghana Republic of Ghana Western Africa
23 Guinea Republic of Guinea Western Africa
24 Guinea-Bissau Republic of Guinea-Bissau Western Africa
25 Kenya Republic of Kenya Eastern Africa
26 Lesotho Kingdom of Lesotho Southern Africa
27 Liberia Republic of Liberia Western Africa
28 Libya State of Libya Northern Africa
29 Madagascar Republic of Madagascar Eastern Africa
30 Malawi Republic of Malawi Eastern Africa
31 Mali Republic of Mali Western Africa
32 Mauritania Islamic Republic of Mauritania Western Africa
33 Mauritius Republic of Mauritius Eastern Africa
34 Morocco Kingdom of Morocco Northern Africa
35 Mozambique Republic of Mozambique Eastern Africa
36 Namibia Republic of Namibia Southern Africa
37 Niger Republic of the Niger Western Africa
38 Nigeria Federal Republic of Nigeria Western Africa
39 Republic of the Congo Republic of the Congo Central Africa
40 Rwanda Republic of Rwanda Eastern Africa
41 Sao Tome and Principe Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe Central Africa
42 Senegal Republic of Senegal Western Africa
43 Seychelles Republic of Seychelles Eastern Africa
44 Sierra Leone Republic of Sierra Leone Western Africa
45 Somalia Federal Republic of Somalia Eastern Africa
46 South Africa Republic of South Africa Southern Africa
47 South Sudan Republic of South Sudan Eastern Africa
48 Sudan Republic of the Sudan Northern Africa
49 Tanzania United Republic of Tanzania Eastern Africa
50 Togo Togolese Republic Western Africa
51 Tunisia Republic of Tunisia Northern Africa
52 Uganda Republic of Uganda Eastern Africa
53 Zambia Republic of Zambia Eastern Africa
54 Zimbabwe Republic of Zimbabwe Eastern Africa

Dependencies in Africa

Besides 54 independent nations, there are also two dependencies in Africa.

  1. Réunion (France)
  2. Saint Helena (U.K.)

Facts about Africa

  • The Nile River can be seen from space.
  • Hunger strikes thirty African countries with extreme force, especially those in the contiguous areas of the Sahara.
  • Africa’s current political division took shape in the 1960’s and 1970’s, forming 54 independent countries.
  • Africa is the only continent in the world cut by three parallels: the Equator Line, as well as the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn.

You may also like...