Cape Verde Facts


Cape Verde, an island in the Atlantic Ocean, about 600 km west of Senegal; 4,000 km2, 554,000 residents (2019.Cape Verde consists of ten islands (of which nine are inhabited) and eight smaller islets. The capital is Praia (134,900 residents, 2012).

Cabo Verde Country Flag

Country facts

  • Republic of Cabo Verde / Republic of Cape Verde
  • Country abbreviation: CV
  • Area: 4 000 km2
  • Population (2019): 554,000 residents
  • Capital: Praia
  • Main languages: Portuguese
  • State: Republic
  • Head of State: Jorge Carlos Fonseca (President)
  • Head of Government: Ulisses Correia e Silva
  • Per capita GDP (2018): US $ 3,654
  • GNI per capita (2018): US $ 3,450
  • Currency unit: 1 escudo = 100 centavos
  • Currency code: CVE
  • Country number (telephony): 238
  • Internet domain name: cv
  • Time difference compared to Sweden: −2
  • National Day: September 12 (Constitution adopted, 1980)
  • Independence Day: July 5, 1975

Nature

  • Land use: agricultural land (10%), other (90%)
  • Highest mountain: Pico do Cano (2,829 m asl)

Population

  • Population density (2019): 139 residents per km2
  • Natural population growth (2019): 1.4%; birthrate 20 ‰, deathrate 6 ‰
  • Age structure (2019): 0-14 years (29%), 15-64 (66%), 65- (5%)
  • Average life expectancy (2019): men 69 years, women 77 years
  • Infant mortality (2019): 17 per 1,000 live births
  • Population forecast 2050: 700,000 residents
  • HDI (2017): 0.654 (place 125 of 189)
  • Urbanization rate (2019): 66%
  • Most populous cities (2012): Praia (134,900 residents), Mindelo (72,000)

Business

  • Industry’s contribution to GDP (2017): agriculture (9%), industry (18%), service (77%)
  • Exports (2017): US $ 189 million
  • Main export products: fuel, shoes, textiles
  • Main exporting countries: Spain, Portugal, Netherlands
  • Imports (2017): US $ 836 million
  • Main import products: food, industrial products, transport
  • Main importing countries: Portugal, Spain, the Netherlands
  • Railway network: nothing in operation

Cape Verde is an island state that forms the highest parts of the Cape Verde Plateau which, in connection with volcanism, was raised from the seabed. The easternmost islands are low and flat, while the western ones are mountainous. The islands are dominated by the northeast winds’ warm winds and have a very dry and warm climate.

The president is the head of state and is elected for a term of five years. Of the 72 members of the National Assembly, six of Cape Verde’s residents reside abroad. The term of office is five years. Cape Verde became independent in 1975.

The country’s economy is dominated by agriculture and fishing. Difficult cultivation conditions with recurring dry periods adversely affect agricultural production. The most economically important industry, which is also considered to have the greatest development potential, is tuna fishing. At present, efforts are also being made to develop the tourism industry on the island of Sal, where the international airport is located. The country also receives major financial assistance from, for example, Portugal, the Netherlands and Luxembourg.

Cape Verde Map

Cape Verde Map

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