List of Countries in North America


As a subcontinent of the Americas, North America is located within Western Hemisphere and Northern Hemisphere. Being the third largest continent after Asia and Africa, the North America continent has an area of 24,709,000 km2, accounting for 16.5% of world’s total land area. With population of 579,024,000, the continent contributes to 7.5% of the world’s population.

How Many Countries in North America

As of 2020, there are a total of 24 countries in North America. Among them, Canada is the largest country by area and United States is the biggest one by population. By contrast, the smallest country in North American continent is Saint Kitts and Nevis, composed by two small islands.

The most common languages are English and Spanish, while many other languages are also spoken, including French, Dutch, and Indian languages. Residents are primarily Protestant or Catholic.

List of All North American Countries

See the following for full list of twenty-four northern American countries in alphabetical order:

# Flag Country Official Name Independence Date Population
1 Antigua and Barbuda Flag Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda November 1, 1981 97,940
2 Bahamas Flag Bahamas Commonwealth of the Bahamas July 10, 1973 393,255
3 Barbados Flag Barbados Barbados November 30, 1966 287,386
4 Belize Flag Belize Belize September 21, 1981 397,639
5 Bermuda Bermuda
6 Canada Flag Canada Canada July 1, 1867 37,742,165
7 Costa Rica Flag Costa Rica Republic of Costa Rica September 15, 1821 5,094,129
8 Cuba Flag Cuba Republic of Cuba January 1, 1959 11,326,627
9 Dominica Flag Dominica Commonwealth of Dominica November 3, 1978 71,997
10 Dominican Republic Flag Dominican Republic Dominican Republic February 27, 1821 10,847,921
11 El Salvador Flag El Salvador Republic of El Salvador September 15, 1821 6,486,216
12 Grenada Flag Grenada Grenada February 7, 1974 112,534
13 Guatemala Flag Guatemala Republic of Guatemala September 15, 1821 17,915,579
14 Haiti Flag Haiti Republic of Haiti January 1, 1804 11,402,539
15 Honduras Flag Honduras Republic of Honduras September 15, 1821 9,904,618
16 Jamaica Flag Jamaica Jamaica August 6, 1962 2,961,178
17 Mexico Flag Mexico United Mexican States September 16, 1810 128,932,764
18 Nicaragua Flag Nicaragua Republic of Nicaragua September 15, 1821 6,624,565
19 Panama Flag Panama Republic of Panama November 28, 1821 4,314,778
20 St.Kitts and Nevis Flag St. Kitts and Nevis Saint Kitts and Nevis September 19, 1983 52,441
21 St. Lucia Flag St. Lucia Saint Lucia February 22, 1979 181,889
22 St. Vincent and The Grenadines Flag St. Vincent and The Grenadines Saint Vincent and The Grenadines October 27, 1979 110,951
23 Trinidad and Tobago Flag Trinidad and Tobago Republic of Trinidad and Tobago August 31, 1962 1,399,499
24 United States Flag United States United States of America July 4, 1776 331,002,662

Location Map of North America

Map of North American Countries

Biggest Countries in North America and Profiles

Canada

  • Capital: Ottawa
  • Area: 9,984,670 km²
  • Languages: English and French
  • Currency: Canadian Dollar

The Canada consists of 10 provinces – Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec and Saskatchewan and three territories – the Northwest Territories, Nunavut and Yukon.

United States of America

  • Capital: Washington, DC
  • Area: 9,831,510 km²
  • Language: English
  • Currency: US Dollar

The United States has 50 states, which are represented on the existing fifty stars of that nation’s flag.

They are: Alabama, Alaska, Arcansas, Arizona, California, Cansas, North Carolina, South Carolina, Colorado, Conecticute, North Dakota, South Dakota, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Rhodes Island, Illinois , Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Tennessee , Texas, Utah, Vermonte, Virginia, West Virginia, Washington, Wiscosin and Wyoming.

Greenland

  • Capital: Nuuk
  • Area: 2,166,086 km²
  • Language: Greenlandic
  • Currency: Danish Krone

The Greenland is divided into three counties: West Greenland, Greenland Oridental and northern Greenland.

Mexico

  • Capital: Mexico City
  • Territorial extension: 1,964,380 km²
  • Language: Spanish
  • Currency: Mexican Peso

The Mexico is divided into 31 states: Aguascalientes, Baja California, Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chiapas, Chiuaua, Coahuila, Colima, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacán de Ocampo, Morelos, Nayarit, New Lion, Oaxaca, Povoa, Arteaga Queretaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Yucatan and Zaratecas.

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