El Salvador Overview

Country Profile

The Republic of El Salvador, meaning “savior” in Spanish, is located in northern Central America, covering an area of 20,700 square kilometers. It has a population of 6.64 million, most of whom are Mestizo. Residents are Catholic and the official language is Spanish, although indigenous languages have incorporated Chinese. The currency is the colones and the capital is San Salvador.

El Salvador National Flag

The flag comprises three horizontal strips of blue and white, with a central emblem in the middle. The flag takes its colors from that of the Central American Federation, with white symbolizing peace and the two strips of blue representing the sea and sky.

El Salvador Country Flag

History Summary

Originally inhabited by Indians, El Salvador was colonized by the Spanish in 1524. On September 15, 1821, it joined the Central American Federation, and on February 18, 1841, the Republic was established.

Economy and Culture Overview

In addition to the narrow southern coastal plain, the country is also mountainous, with plateaus and volcanoes, giving it the reputation of “volcano country.” El Salvador is one of the world’s major rubber producing countries. The unique climate and soil conditions has also enabled a sophisticated coffee-growing industry, which has allowed El Salvador to rapidly develop into the Kingdom of the Central American coffee.

Isarco volcano – a beacon of the Pacific

Su Song in the Department of Nat West Province, more than one thousand eight hundred meters above sea level. The first eruption occurred in 1720, and since then there have been intermittent eruptions, sometimes as frequently as every few minutes. Volcanic eruptions cause a column of straight smoke. Night sailing ships in the Pacific often refer to this as a tool of navigation, calling it “a beacon of the Pacific.”

El Salvador Map

El Salvador Map

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