Central Asia, as its name implies, is located in the center of the Asian continent, between the Caspian Sea, China, northern Iran and southern Siberia. The region comprises the area of countries, such as Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and others.
How Many Countries in Central Asia
As a region of Asia, Central Asia is composed of 5 independent countries (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan). See below for the full list of Central Asian Countries by population.
Kazakhstan, formally the Republic of Kazakhstan, is a country in Central Asia with a small part in Eastern Europe. It borders Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan to the south, China to the east and Russia to the north.
Kyrgyzstan, officially the Republic of Kyrgyzstan, is a country in Central Asia. The coastal and hilly country borders Kazakhstan, China, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. The capital is Bishkek.
Tajikistan, formally the Republic of Tajikistan, is a state in Central Asia bordering Afghanistan, China, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan.
Turkmenistan is a republic in southwestern Central Asia. It stretches from the Caspian Sea east to Afghanistan and borders Iran to the south, and Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan to the north.
Uzbekistan, formally the Republic of Uzbekistan, is a coastal state in Central Asia bordering Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Afghanistan.
List of Countries in Central Asia and Their Capitals
As noted above, there are five independent countries in the Middle Asia. Among them, the largest country is Uzbekistan and the smallest is Turkmenistan in term of population. The full list of Central Asia countries with capitals is shown in the table below, ranked by latest total population and area.
|Rank||Country Name||Population||Land Area (km²)||Capital|
Map of Middle Asian Countries