Countries in Northern Africa


How Many Nations in Northern Africa

Located in north part of Africa, Northern Africa is composed of countries. Here is an alphabetical list of all countries in North Africa: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia.

1. Algeria

Algeria National Flag
  • Capital: Algiers
  • Approximate territorial extension: 2,381,740 km 2
  • Language: Arabic
  • Currency: Algerian Dinar

2. Egypt

Egypt National Flag
  • Capital: Cairo
  • Approximate territorial extension: 1,001,450 km 2
  • Language: Arabic
  • Currency: Egyptian Pound

3. Libya

  • Capital: Tripoli
  • Approximate territorial extension: 1,759,540 km 2
  • Language: Arabic
  • Currency: Dinar

4. Morocco

Morocco National Flag
  • Capital: Rabat
  • Approximate territorial extension: 446,550 km 2
  • Language: Arabic
  • Currency: Dirham

5. Sudan

Sudan National Flag
  • Capital: Khartoum
  • Approximate territorial extension: 1,861,484 km 2
  • Language: Arabic
  • Currency: Sudanese Pound

6. South Sudan

South Sudan Country Flag
  • Capital: Juba
  • Approximate territorial extension: 644.329 km 2
  • Language: English and Arabic
  • Currency: South Sudanese Pound

7. Tunisia

Tunisia National Flag
  • Capital: Tunis
  • Approximate territorial extension: 163,610 km 2
  • Language: Arabic
  • Currency: Tunisian Dinar

Countries in Northern Africa by Population and Their Capitals

As noted above, there are six independent countries in the Northern Africa. Among them, the largest country is Egypt and the smallest one is Libya in term of population. The full list of Northern African countries with capitals is shown in the table below, ranked by latest total population.

Rank Country Population Land Area (km²) Capital
1 Egypt 98,839,800 995,450 Cairo
2 Algeria 43,378,027 2,381,741 Algiers
3 Sudan 41,617,956 1,861,484 Juba
4 Morocco 35,053,200 446,300 Rabat
5 Tunisia 11,551,448 155,360 Tunis
6 Libya 6,777,452 1,759,540 Tripoli

Map of North African Countries

Map of North African Countries

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