Qatar is an emirate on a small peninsula in the Persian Gulf. The landscape is flat and consists mainly of gold sand desert. There are no lakes or streams and only very limited vegetation to the N.
There is tropical climate and there is virtually no rainfall. Sandstorms occur frequently.
Qatar is one of the richest countries in the world, which is mainly due to revenues from oil extraction. There is limited agriculture, which is irrigated. Traditionally, pearl diving, fishing and cattle farming were important occupations.
Guest workers, especially men, make up about 3/4 of the population, which is clearly reflected in the population composition. Women and children are strong in numbers, while men of working age make up the majority of the population.