Countries in Southern Europe


How Many Countries in Southern Europe

As a region of Europe, Southern Europe is composed of 16 independent countries (Albania, Andorra, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Greece, Holy See, Italy, Malta, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Portugal, San Marino, Serbia, Slovenia, Spain, Turkey) and 1 territory (Gibraltar). See below for the list of South European countries and dependencies by population.  Also, you can find all of them in alphabetical order at this end of this page.

1. Albania

Albania National Flag
  • Capital: Tirana
  • Area: 28,750 km²
  • Language: Albanian
  • Currency: Lek

2. Andorra

Andorra National Flag

3. Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina National Flag
  • Capital: Sarajevo
  • Area: 51,200 km²
  • Language: Bosnian
  • Currency: Convertible Mark

4. Croatia

Croatia National Flag
  • Capital: Zagreb
  • Area: 56,590 km²
  • Language: Croatian
  • Currency: Kuna

5. Greece

Greece National Flag
  • Capital: Athens
  • Area: 131,960 km²
  • Language: Greek
  • Currency: Euro

6. Italy

Italy National Flag
  • Capital: Rome
  • Area: 301,340 km²
  • Language: Italian
  • Currency: Euro

7. Malta

Malta National Flag
  • Capital: Valletta
  • Area: 320 km²
  • Languages: Maltese and English
  • Currency: Euro

8. Montenegro

Montenegro National Flag
  • Capital: Podgorica
  • Area: 13,810 km²
  • Language: Montenegrin
  • Currency: Euro

9. Northern Macedonia

Macedonia National Flag
  • Capital: Skopje
  • Area: 25,710 km²
  • Language: Macedonian
  • Currency: Macedonian Dinar

10. Portugal

Portugal National Flag
  • Capital: Lisbon
  • Area: 92,090 km²
  • Language: Portuguese
  • Currency: Euro

11. San Marino

San Marino National Flag
  • Capital: San Marino
  • Area: 60 km²
  • Language: Italian
  • Currency: Euro

12. Serbia

Serbia National Flag
  • Capital: Belgrade
  • Area: 88,360 km²
  • Language: Serbian
  • Currency: Serbian Dinar

13. Slovenia

Slovenia National Flag
  • Capital: Ljubljana
  • Area: 20,270 km²
  • Language: Slovenian
  • Currency: Euro

14. Spain

Spain National Flag
  • Capital: Madrid
  • Area: 505,370 km²
  • Language: Spanish
  • Currency: Euro

15. Turkey

Turkey National Flag
  • Capital: Ankara
  • Area: 783,560 km²
  • Language: Turkish
  • Currency: Turkish Lira

16. Vatican

Holy See Country Flag
  • Capital: Vatican City
  • Area: 0.44 km²
  • Language: Italian
  • Currency: Euro

List of Countries in Southern Europe and Their Capitals

As noted above, there are 3 independent countries in the Southern Europe. Among them, the largest country is Turkey and the smallest is Holy See. The full list of Southern European countries with capitals is shown in the table below, ranked by latest total population.

Rank Independent Country Current Population Capital
1 Turkey 82,003,882 Ankara
2 Italy 60,375,749 Rome
3 Spain 46,733,038 Madrid
4 Greece 10,741,165 Athens
5 Portugal 10,276,617 Lisbon
6 Serbia 7,001,444 Belgrade
7 Croatia 4,130,304 Zagreb
8 Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,301,000 Sarajevo
9 Albania 2,862,427 Tirana
10 Slovenia 2,080,908 Ljubljana
11 North Macedonia 2,075,301 Skopje
12 Montenegro 622,359 Podgorica
13 Malta 475,701 Valletta
14 Andorra 76,177 Andorra la Vella
15 San Marino 33,422 San Marino
16 Holy See 799 Vatican City

Territories in Southern Europe

Dependent Territory Population Territory of
Gibraltar 33,701 U.K.

Map of Countries in Southern Europe

Map of Countries in Southern Europe

 

Alphabetical List of Countries and Dependencies in Southern Europe

In summary, there are a total of 17 independent countries and dependent territories in Southern Europe. See the following for full list of Southern European countries and dependencies in alphabetical order:

  1. Albania
  2. Andorra
  3. Bosnia and Herzegovina
  4. Croatia
  5. Gibraltar (U.K.)
  6. Greece
  7. Holy See
  8. Italy
  9. Malta
  10. Montenegro
  11. North Macedonia
  12. Portugal
  13. San Marino
  14. Serbia
  15. Slovenia
  16. Spain
  17. Turkey

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