Serbia Population


Serbia Population

In the 1990’s, Serbia was characterized by war, ethnic conflict and suffering. In the 2000s, the country has started to pile up again, but the political and economic challenges are still great.

Key figures and facts

  • Capital: Belgrade
  • Ethnic groups: Serbs 83.3%, Hungarians 3.5%, Romanians 2.1%, Bosnians 2%, others 5.7% Unknown 3.4% (2011)
  • Language: Serbian 88.1% (official), Hungarian 3.4%, Bosnian 1.9%, Romanian 1.4%, other 3.4%, unknown 1.8% (2011) Several other official in Vojvodina Province.
  • Religion: Serbian Orthodox 84.6%, Catholics 5%, Muslims 3.1%, Atheists 1.1%, Protestants 1%, others 0.8%, Unknown 4.5% (2011)
  • Population: 8,762,027 (2018)
  • Control Form: Republic
  • Area: 88 360 km2
  • Currency: Serbian dinars
  • GNP per capita: 14 515 PPP $
  • National Day: February 15th

Serbia Population

The population of Serbia is 7 078 110 (2018). In 2018, the population was reduced by 0.47 percent. The birth and death rates per 1,000 residents in 2018 were 8.9 and 13.6, respectively, while the birth rate per woman was 1.44. Life expectancy at birth was 79.0 years for women in 2018 and 73.0 years for men.

Serbia’s largest population groups are Serbs (85.1 percent), Hungarians (2.8 percent), Ruthenians (2.2 percent), Croats (1.6 percent), Plains (1.2 percent, rooms (0.4 percent)) (IPSOS 2011), as well as an Albanian minority in southern Serbia.

The Kosovo conflict and the wars in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Croatia caused great human suffering, giving Serbia a major refugee problem. An estimated 150,000 people from Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina live as refugees in Serbia. In addition, nearly 230,000, most Serbs and Roma, have fled Kosovo to other parts of Serbia. See also the article Serbia’s history.

The population density is greatest in the plain of the Danube and Tisza. The largest cities are Belgrade (1,398 million residents), Novi Sad (277 522 residents), Niš (260 237 residents), and Kragujevac (190 011 residents). 56.1 percent of the country’s population lives in urban areas (2018).

Religion

According to a 2011 survey, 86.5 percent of the population is Orthodox, 5.3 percent are Catholics and 4 percent are Muslims. Other Christians make up 1.2 percent and non-religious 2.7 percent (IPSOS 2011). In the 2011 census, Serbia has a total of over 6.5 million Christians. Of these, over 6 million are Orthodox, approximately 357,000 are Catholics, approximately 71,000 are Protestant, and approximately 3200 are other Christians.

Of other religions, Islam is the largest, with approximately 223,000 followers. Almost as many have not stated any religion, about 221,000, and almost 100,000 are unknown. Around 85,000 residents are atheists and agnostics. There are less than 600 Jews, while around 1200 state “Eastern religions” (census of 2011).

Language

Serbian is the official language. It is spoken by more than 90 percent of the population. Hungarian is the mother tongue for 2.5 percent, Albanian for 2 percent, Armenian for 1.5 percent and Romani for 0.6 percent. Some Romanians state Romanian, Macedonian, Bulgarian and Greek as their mother tongue (IPSOS 2011).

The Serbian Census of 2011 states population figures from native languages ​​as follows:

  • Serbian 6.33 million
  • Hungarian 43,000
  • Bosnian 139,000
  • room 101 000
  • Slovak 50,000
  • Armenian(Plains) 43,000
  • Romanian 29,000
  • Croatian 19,000
  • Bulgarian 13,500
  • Macedonian 13,000
  • Ruthenian 11500
  • Albanian 10,000
  • Russian 3000
  • Slovenian 2000
  • Montenegrin 2500
  • unspecified 128,000

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