List of All Countries in Asia
In the ancient language, Asia means “sunrise.” As the largest continent on the earth in both area (reaches almost one third of all its land area of our planet) and population, Asia is located in the eastern hemisphere, bounded to the east by the Pacific Ocean, to the south by the Indian Ocean, to the north by the Arctic, and to the west by the Mediterranean and Black Sea. As of 2019, Asia is composed of 48 countries with a population of 4.0504 billion, accounting for 60.7% of the total world population. Asia has an area of 44,000,000 square meters, contributing to 29.4% of the world’s land area.
Note that in an area that is equivalent to a quarter of the Asian territory, 90% of the peoples of the continent live, as in the plains, especially those monsoon-irrigated, where large cities have very high demographic densities. On the other hand, two-fifths of the territory is practically uninhabited, housing 3% or 4% of the total population, as in Mongolia, the lowest population density on the planet.
The Asian continent has a very varied geographical formation. Thus we have Mount Everest, the highest point on the planet, located on the China-Nepal border, while the alluvial and coastal lowlands extend until they meet the large plateau formations with very high mountain ranges, of which the highest mountains. they are located in the Himalayan mountain range. On the other hand, the Asian relief is marked by its altimetric end contrasts, such as the Himalayas, Pamir and Tibet, where the highest altitudes of the globe are located and the highest depressions, such as the Dead Sea. Finally, there are some of the highest mountains in the world, the longest rivers, the largest deserts, plains and plateaus, the thickest jungles and forests.
Asian nations have diverse systems of government, such as the communists in China and North Korea, the ruling monarchs of the kingdoms of Saudi Arabia and Thailand, the sheikhs of the Kingdom of Bahrain, the state of Qatar and the United Arab Emirates, the countries such as Israel and Japan or the sultanate of the nine Malay states.
People are vastly different in family trees, customary practices or behaviors, languages, beliefs of religion. So Chinese (the most widely spoken language in the world), Arabic, Malay-Indonesian, Japanese and, in India, Hindi -urdu and Bengali, are some of the many languages spoken in Asia, while from the religious point of view it was the cradle of the most important religions in the world: Judaism and Christianity were founded in Palestine; Hinduism and Buddhism began in India; and the Islamic Caliphate and other Muslim states took over the Middle East from the seventh century.
Of the Asian population, we can say that it is made up of yellow people, however, there are great physical, linguistic and cultural distinctions between them. There are also other ethnic trunks, such as black and white, prevalent in the southeast of the continent (Middle East).
Map of Asia
Alphabetical list of countries in Asia
The following table lists 48 independent nations in Asia. Hong Kong and Macao are two special cities of China. Taiwan, formerly known as Republic of China, is now widely recognized as a province of China.
|#||Country Name||Official Name||Independence Date|
|1||Afghanistan||Islamic Republic of Afghanistan||1919/8/19|
|2||Armenia||Republic of Armenia||1991/9/21|
|3||Azerbaijan||Republic of Azerbaijan||1991/10/18|
|4||Bahrain||Kingdom of Bahrain||1971/12/16|
|5||Bangladesh||People’s Republic of Bangladesh||1971/3/26|
|6||Bhutan||Kingdom of Bhutan||–|
|8||Burma (Myanmar)||Republic of the Union of Myanmar||1948/1/4|
|9||Cambodia||Kingdom of Cambodia||1953/11/9|
|10||China||People’s Republic of China||1949/10/1|
|11||Cyprus||Republic of Cyprus||1960/10/1|
|13||India||Republic of India||1947/8/15|
|14||Indonesia||Republic of Indonesia||1945/8/17|
|15||Iran||Islamic Republic of Iran||1979/4/1|
|16||Iraq||Republic of Iraq||1932/10/3|
|17||Israel||State of Israel||1905/5/1|
|19||Jordan||Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan||1946/5/25|
|20||Kazakhstan||Republic of Kazakhstan||1991/12/16|
|21||Kuwait||State of Kuwait||1961/2/25|
|23||Laos||Lao People’s Democratic Republic||1953/10/22|
|26||Maldives||Republic of Maldives||1965/7/26|
|28||Nepal||Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal||–|
|29||North Korea||Democratic People’s Republic of Korea||1945/8/15|
|30||Oman||Sultanate of Oman||1650/11/18|
|31||Pakistan||Islamic Republic of Pakistan||1947/8/14|
|33||Philippines||Republic of the Philippines||1898/6/12|
|34||Qatar||State of Qatar||1971/12/18|
|35||Saudi Arabia||Kingdom of Saudi Arabia||–|
|36||Singapore||Republic of Singapore||1965/8/9|
|37||South Korea||Republic of Korea||1945/8/15|
|38||Sri Lanka||Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka||1948/2/4|
|39||Syria||Syrian Arab Republic||1946/4/17|
|40||Tajikistan||Republic of Tajikistan||1991/9/9|
|41||Thailand||Kingdom of Thailand||–|
|42||Timor-Leste||Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste||2002/5/20|
|43||Turkey||Republic of Turkey||–|
|45||United Arab Emirates||United Arab Emirates||1971/12/2|
|46||Uzbekistan||Republic of Uzbekistan||1991/9/1|
|47||Vietnam||Socialist Republic of Viet Nam||1945/9/2|
|48||Yemen||Republic of Yemen||1967/11/30|
Asian countries by area
The area of the Asian continent is some 44.5 million square kilometers, contributing to nearly one-third of all land area of our planet. Again, China is the biggest country while Maldives is the smallest one.
|Rank||Country Name||Land Area (km²)||Density|
|33||United Arab Emirates||83,600||116.87|
Countries in Asia by population
Among 48 independent Asian countries, the most populous is China and the least populated is Maldives. The full list of countries in Asia is shown in the table below, ranked by latest total population.
|13||South Korea||51,811,156||Eastern Asia|
|16||Saudi Arabia||33,413,649||Western Asia|
|21||North Korea||25,449,989||Eastern Asia|
|22||Sri Lanka||21,670,101||Southern Asia|
|28||United Arab Emirates||9,770,518||Western Asia|
Territories in Asia by Population
In addition to independent countries, there are also dependent territories in Asia. See table below for a full list of all 3 Asian territories, with latest total population and dependencies.
|Rank||Dependent Territory||Population||Territory of|
Colonization and Asian History
The term Asia would be a reference to one of the oceanic nymphs, better known as Climene. Formerly, the term Asia used to designate the present Asia Minor (Anatolia) which in turn can be derived from Akkadian (w) aṣû (m), which means “to rise”, “to leave” with respect to sunrise. Its history, however, can be understood as narrating the emergence of East Asia, Southern Asia, and the Middle East.
Asian civilization began more than 4,000 years ago and its people founded the oldest cities, as well as the founders of all the world’s most important religions. Nevertheless, each of these regions developed a civilization along fertile valleys of rivers, while the steppe was inhabited by nomads on horseback, which from there reached every part of the Asian continent.
However, the Caucasus, the Himalayas, the Karakum Desert, and the Gobi Desert represented barriers that the steppe riders hardly crossed. As a result, many ancient civilizations were influenced by the famous Silk Road, which linked China, India, the Middle East, and Europe.
In turn, the nations of Western Europe conquered territories in Asia between the 16th and 19th centuries. Thus, the major European powers seized parts of Asia, such as British India, French Indochina and Macau and Goa, which were under Portuguese authority.
After World War II (1939-1945), the Asian continent was transformed into the center of the battles between countries that adopt communism as a government apparatus and countries that use capitalism as an economic precept.
In Asia there are developed countries, such as Japan, South Korea, Israel, Singapore or Taiwan, which have levels of economic prosperity and quality of life comparable to those in Europe or Anglo-Saxon America. On the other hand, the whole continent is distinguished by its very poor populations, in contrast to elites with enormous wealth.
Asia’s most populous cities
- Mumbai or Bombay in India (18.3 million)
- Kolkata in India (14.7 million)
- Shanghai in China (17.1 million)
- Tokyo in Japan (12.3 million)
The largest economy in Asia in terms of gross domestic product (GDP) is China, followed by India and Japan. However, by nominal GDP criterion Japan is considered to be the largest Asian economy and the second largest in the world. This country was for a long time the most industrialized of the Asian countries, which excelled in the manufacture of ships, automobiles and high-tech electrical and electronic products.
In China, the industrial park has been destined for the manufacture of items essential to the domestic market. Only from the mid-1970s did the Chinese economy actually start export-oriented production. India, in turn, uses its agricultural production and mineral wealth to supply its textile, food, steel and metallurgical industries. Already in eastern Russia, we find many centers of basic industries.
The most important economic activity in quantitative terms across the continent is agriculture, especially rice cultivation in the monsoon-stricken region and, to the north, wheat; In less fertile areas it is possible to grow barley, maize and other cereals. Also noteworthy are tobacco, tea, jute, cotton, pepper and rubber crops.
China is the largest producer of small animals (the world’s first producer of pigs, the third of sheep and the fifth of cattle). In India we find the largest number of cattle in the world, however, due to religious beliefs, that herd is not consumed.
Among the mineral-producing countries, the highlight is China, a major producer and consumer of oil, coal, iron, lead, zinc and mercury. India is also outstanding for its iron, coal, mica and manganese reserves, as well as its large oil production, although it does not reach that of the Middle East countries, which produce more than 30% of the total oil extracted on the planet.
Fauna, Flora and Climate
Asia’s territorial breadth promotes differences in latitude, low- and high-altitude regions and the great influence of air masses and continentality / maritimity, which promote a good multiplicity of climate types and plant formations on the continent.
Thus, on the Siberian plain, for example, tundra formations begin to emerge. Heading south, we will have a region covered by the taiga. Already in the archipelagos located in South Asia, we find equatorial and tropical forests. Temperate forests will occur frequently in the Far East, while xerophytic vegetation will be common in the desert or semi-arid areas of the continent.
Formed from an enormous continental expanse, Asia completes spaces from all climate areas of the northern hemisphere: equatorial, tropical, temperate and polar. In the far north lands prevail the polar climate, which is becoming milder towards the south.
The center of the continent, because it is far from maritime influences, blocks the passage of ocean winds carried by the temperate continental climate, thus alternating high temperature summers with very cold winters. Already the temperate ocean, supports variations depending on the altitude of the relief, latitude and interiority.
Further south, to the rear of the great mountain ranges, which block the entry of the moist ocean winds, are vast expanses surmounted by semi-arid climate and arid climate, forming a vast strip of deserts. However, the main climate phenomenon in the region is the tropical monsoon, with heavy rainfall during the summer.
It is marked by the activity of winds, known as monsoons, that rush from the Indian and Pacific to the mainland during summer, and from the interior of Asia to these oceans during winter. Both heavy rainfall in the region influenced by equatorial and tropical climates and the high abundance of melting snow from the high mountains benefit the existence of large rivers, which cross in almost every direction of the Asian continent. Of these, the main ones are: Yangtze River in China; Brahmaputra and the Ganges in India; the Indus River in Pakistan and; in the Persian Gulf, the Tiger and the Euphrates.
Finally, it is worth remembering that in mountain regions, due to altitude, we will find very low temperatures, regardless of their geographical location.
- Asia contains most of the Earth’s deserts: from Arabia (Saudi Arabia), Syria, Thal (Pakistan), Thar (or Great Indian Desert), Lut (or Desert of Iran), Gobi (Mongolia), Taklamakan (China), Karakum (Turkmenistan), Kerman (Iran), Judea (Israel), Negev.
- Asia contains 11 time zones.
- Asians were also the inventors of paper, gunpowder, compass and printing press.
- Asia’s main trading blocs are: Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), Asia-Europe Economic Meeting, Association of Southeast Asian Countries (ASEAN), Closer Economic and Trade Relations Agreements (China with Hong Kong and with Macao), Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) and South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC).
- The so-called “Asian Tigers” (South Korea, Republic of China, Singapore and Hong Kong) are the largest economic and financial powers of the continent.
- On the Asian continent, the urban population is 40% while the rural population is 60%.
- Asia has 44 independent countries.
- The main religions of the Asian continent are: Muslims (21.9%) and Hinduists (21.5%).