List of All Countries in Asia


In the ancient language, Asia means “sunrise.” As the largest continent on the earth, Asia is located in the eastern hemisphere, bounded to the east by the Pacific Ocean, to the south by the Indian Ocean, to the north by the Arctic, and to the west by the Mediterranean and Black Sea. As of 2019, Asia is composed of 48 countries with a population of 3.823 billion, accounting for 60.7% of the total world population. Asia has an area of 44,000,000 square meters, contributing to 29.4% of the world’s land area.

There are over 1,000 languages spoken in Asia, most of which belong to Sino-Tibetan. Among them, the most spoken is Chinese, followed by Hindi, English, Russian, Indonesian, Arabic, Bangla, and Japanese. Regarding religions, Asia is the cradle of Buddhism, Islam and Christianity.

Map of Asia

Map of Asian Countries

Alphabetical List of Countries in Asia

The following table lists 48 independent nations in Asia. Hong Kong and Macao are two special cities of China. Taiwan, formerly known as Republic of China, is now widely recognized as a province of China.

# Country Name Official Name Independence Date
1 Afghanistan Islamic Republic of Afghanistan 1919/8/19
2 Armenia Republic of Armenia 1991/9/21
3 Azerbaijan Republic of Azerbaijan 1991/10/18
4 Bahrain Kingdom of Bahrain 1971/12/16
5 Bangladesh People’s Republic of Bangladesh 1971/3/26
6 Bhutan Kingdom of Bhutan
7 Brunei Brunei Darussalam 1984/1/1
8 Burma (Myanmar) Republic of the Union of Myanmar 1948/1/4
9 Cambodia Kingdom of Cambodia 1953/11/9
10 China People’s Republic of China 1949/10/1
11 Cyprus Republic of Cyprus 1960/10/1
12 Georgia Georgia 1991/4/9
13 India Republic of India 1947/8/15
14 Indonesia Republic of Indonesia 1945/8/17
15 Iran Islamic Republic of Iran 1979/4/1
16 Iraq Republic of Iraq 1932/10/3
17 Israel State of Israel 1905/5/1
18 Japan Japan
19 Jordan Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan 1946/5/25
20 Kazakhstan Republic of Kazakhstan 1991/12/16
21 Kuwait State of Kuwait 1961/2/25
22 Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyz Republic 1991/8/31
23 Laos Lao People’s Democratic Republic 1953/10/22
24 Lebanon Lebanese Republic 1943/11/22
25 Malaysia Malaysia 1957/8/31
26 Maldives Republic of Maldives 1965/7/26
27 Mongolia Mongolia 1911/12/29
28 Nepal Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal
29 North Korea Democratic People’s Republic of Korea 1945/8/15
30 Oman Sultanate of Oman 1650/11/18
31 Pakistan Islamic Republic of Pakistan 1947/8/14
32 Palestine
33 Philippines Republic of the Philippines 1898/6/12
34 Qatar State of Qatar 1971/12/18
35 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
36 Singapore Republic of Singapore 1965/8/9
37 South Korea Republic of Korea 1945/8/15
38 Sri Lanka Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka 1948/2/4
39 Syria Syrian Arab Republic 1946/4/17
40 Tajikistan Republic of Tajikistan 1991/9/9
41 Thailand Kingdom of Thailand
42 Timor-Leste Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste 2002/5/20
43 Turkey Republic of Turkey
44 Turkmenistan Turkmenistan 1991/10/27
45 United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates 1971/12/2
46 Uzbekistan Republic of Uzbekistan 1991/9/1
47 Vietnam Socialist Republic of Viet Nam 1945/9/2
48 Yemen Republic of Yemen 1967/11/30

Asian Countries by Area

The area of the Asian continent is some 44.5 million square kilometers, contributing to nearly one-third of all land area of our planet. Again, China is the biggest country while Maldives is the smallest one.

Rank Country Name Land Area (km²) Density
1 China 9,326,410 149.88
2 India 2,973,190 453.61
3 Kazakhstan 2,699,700 6.85
4 Saudi Arabia 2,149,690 15.54
5 Indonesia 1,811,569 147.98
6 Mongolia 1,553,556 2.10
7 Iran 1,531,595 53.89
8 Pakistan 881,912 232.51
9 Turkey 769,632 106.55
10 Burma 653,508 83.15
11 Afghanistan 652,230 49.41
12 Yemen 527,968 55.23
13 Thailand 510,890 129.92
14 Turkmenistan 469,930 12.64
15 Iraq 437,367 89.46
16 Uzbekistan 425,400 78.90
17 Japan 364,543 346.19
18 Malaysia 329,613 99.42
19 Vietnam 310,070 307.52
20 Oman 309,500 14.97
21 Philippines 298,170 361.57
22 Laos 230,800 30.86
23 Kyrgyzstan 191,801 33.31
24 Syria 183,630 92.96
25 Cambodia 176,515 92.28
26 Nepal 143,351 206.55
27 Tajikistan 141,510 63.11
28 Bangladesh 130,168 1,281.05
29 North Korea 120,538 211.14
30 South Korea 99,909 518.58
31 Jordan 88,802 117.57
32 Azerbaijan 86,100 115.93
33 United Arab Emirates 83,600 116.87
34 Georgia 69,700 53.42
35 Sri Lanka 62,732 345.44
36 Bhutan 38,394 19.32
37 Armenia 28,342 104.51
38 Israel 20,330 444.93
39 Kuwait 17,818 248.07
40 Timor-Leste 14,919 92.98
41 Qatar 11,586 236.53
42 Lebanon 10,230 670.16
43 Cyprus 9,241 93.52
44 Palestine 5,640 882.39
45 Brunei 5,265 84.02
46 Bahrain 767 2,012.11
47 Singapore 687 8,207.70
48 Maldives 298 1,268.80

Countries in Asia by Population

Among 48 independent Asian countries, the most populous is China and the least populated is Maldives. The full list of countries in Asia is shown in the table below, ranked by latest total population.

Rank Country Name Population Region
1 China 1,397,849,989 Eastern Asia
2 India 1,348,669,989 Southern Asia
3 Indonesia 268,074,589 Southeastern Asia
4 Pakistan 205,050,989 Southern Asia
5 Bangladesh 166,751,989 Southern Asia
6 Japan 126,199,989 Eastern Asia
7 Philippines 107,807,989 Southeastern Asia
8 Vietnam 95,353,989 Southeastern Asia
9 Iran 82,545,289 Western Asia
10 Turkey 82,003,871 Western Asia
11 Thailand 66,376,994 Southeastern Asia
12 Burma 54,339,755 Southeastern Asia
13 South Korea 51,811,156 Eastern Asia
14 Iraq 39,127,889 Western Asia
15 Uzbekistan 33,562,122 Central Asia
16 Saudi Arabia 33,413,649 Western Asia
17 Malaysia 32,769,189 Southeastern Asia
18 Afghanistan 32,225,549 Southern Asia
19 Nepal 29,609,612 Southern Asia
20 Yemen 29,161,911 Western Asia
21 North Korea 25,449,989 Eastern Asia
22 Sri Lanka 21,670,101 Southern Asia
23 Kazakhstan 18,497,053 Central Asia
24 Syria 17,070,124 Western Asia
25 Cambodia 16,289,259 Southeastern Asia
26 Jordan 10,440,889 Western Asia
27 Azerbaijan 9,981,446 Western Asia
28 United Arab Emirates 9,770,518 Western Asia
29 Israel 9,045,359 Western Asia
30 Tajikistan 8,930,989 Central Asia
31 Laos 7,123,194 Southeastern Asia
32 Lebanon 6,855,702 Western Asia
33 Kyrgyzstan 6,389,489 Central Asia
34 Turkmenistan 5,942,078 Central Asia
35 Singapore 5,638,689 Southeastern Asia
36 Palestine 4,976,673 Western Asia
37 Oman 4,632,777 Western Asia
38 Kuwait 4,420,099 Western Asia
39 Georgia 3,723,489 Western Asia
40 Mongolia 3,263,376 Eastern Asia
41 Armenia 2,962,089 Western Asia
42 Qatar 2,740,468 Western Asia
43 Bahrain 1,543,289 Western Asia
44 Timor-Leste 1,387,138 Southeastern Asia
45 Cyprus 864,189 Western Asia
46 Bhutan 741,661 Southern Asia
47 Brunei 442,389 Southeastern Asia
48 Maldives 378,103 Southern Asia

Territories in Asia by Population

In addition to independent countries, there are also dependent territories in Asia. See table below for a full list of all 3 Asian territories, with latest total population and dependencies.

Rank Dependent Territory Population Territory of
1 Taiwan 23,589,870 China
2 Hong Kong 7,482,500 China
3 Macao 622,567 China

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