List of Countries in Asia


As the world’s largest and most populous continent, Asia has an area of 44,579,000 square kilometers which represents 29.4 percent of the Earth’s land area. With population of around 4.46 billion (2020), Asia constitutes about 60 percent of the world’s population. Politically, Asia is often divided into 6 regions: North Asia, Central Asia, East Asia, Southeast Asia, South Asia and West Asia.

How Many Countries in Asia

As of 2020, Asia consists of 48 countries, of which two (Turkey and Russia) are also located in Europe. Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Armenia and Georgia can also be considered to be located in both continents.

6 Regions of Asia

The largest country in Asia is China, followed by India. And the smallest is the Maldives.

Location Map of Asia

Map of Asian Countries

Alphabetical List of All Countries in Asia

The following table lists 48 independent nations in Asia in alphabetical order. Hong Kong and Macao are two special cities of China. Taiwan, formerly known as Republic of China, is now widely recognized as a province of China.

# Flag Country Name Official Name Independence Date Population
1 Afghanistan Flag Afghanistan Islamic Republic of Afghanistan 1919/8/19 38,928,357
2 Armenia Flag Armenia Republic of Armenia 1991/9/21 2,963,254
3 Azerbaijan Flag Azerbaijan Republic of Azerbaijan 1991/10/18 10,139,188
4 Bahrain Flag Bahrain Kingdom of Bahrain 1971/12/16 1,701,586
5 Bangladesh Flag Bangladesh People’s Republic of Bangladesh 1971/3/26 164,689,394
6 Bhutan Flag Bhutan Kingdom of Bhutan 771,619
7 Brunei Flag Brunei Brunei Darussalam 1984/1/1 437,490
8 Burma Flag Burma Republic of the Union of Myanmar 1948/1/4 54,409,811
9 Cambodia Flag Cambodia Kingdom of Cambodia 1953/11/9 16,718,976
10 China Flag China People’s Republic of China 1949/10/1 1,439,323,787
11 Cyprus Flag Cyprus Republic of Cyprus 1960/10/1 1,207,370
12 Georgia Flag Georgia Georgia 1991/4/9 3,989,178
13 India Flag India Republic of India 1947/8/15 1,380,004,396
14 Indonesia Flag Indonesia Republic of Indonesia 1945/8/17 273,523,626
15 Iran Flag Iran Islamic Republic of Iran 1979/4/1 83,992,960
16 Iraq Flag Iraq Republic of Iraq 1932/10/3 40,222,504
17 Iraq Flag Israel State of Israel 1905/5/1 40,222,504
18 Japan Flag Japan Japan 126,476,472
19 Jordan Flag Jordan Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan 1946/5/25 10,203,145
20 Kazakhstan Flag Kazakhstan Republic of Kazakhstan 1991/12/16 18,776,718
21 Kuwait Flag Kuwait State of Kuwait 1961/2/25 4,270,582
22 Kyrgyzstan Flag Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyz Republic 1991/8/31 6,524,206
23 Laos Flag Laos Lao People’s Democratic Republic 1953/10/22 7,275,571
24 Lebanon Flag Lebanon Lebanese Republic 1943/11/22 6,825,456
25 Malaysia Flag Malaysia Malaysia 1957/8/31 32,366,010
26 MaldivesFlag Maldives Republic of Maldives 1965/7/26 540,555
27 Mongolia Flag Mongolia Mongolia 1911/12/29 3,278,301
28 Nepal Flag Nepal Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal 29,136,819
29 North Korea Flag North Korea Democratic People’s Republic of Korea 1945/8/15 25,778,827
30 Oman Flag Oman Sultanate of Oman 1650/11/18 5,106,637
31 Pakistan Flag Pakistan Islamic Republic of Pakistan 1947/8/14 220,892,351
32 Palestine Flag Palestine 5,101,425
33 Philippines Flag Philippines Republic of the Philippines 1898/6/12 109,581,089
34 Qatar Flag Qatar State of Qatar 1971/12/18 2,881,064
35 Saudi Arabia Flag Saudi Arabia Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 34,813,882
36 Singapore Flag Singapore Republic of Singapore 1965/8/9 5,850,353
37 South Korea Flag South Korea Republic of Korea 1945/8/15 51,269,196
38 Sri Lanka Flag Sri Lanka Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka 1948/2/4 21,413,260
39 Syria Flag Syria Syrian Arab Republic 1946/4/17 17,500,669
40 Tajikistan Flag Tajikistan Republic of Tajikistan 1991/9/9 9,537,656
41 Thailand Flag Thailand Kingdom of Thailand 69,799,989
42 East TimorFlag Timor-Leste Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste 2002/5/20 1,318,456
43 Turkey Flag Turkey Republic of Turkey 84,339,078
44 Turkmenistan Flag Turkmenistan Turkmenistan 1991/10/27 6,031,211
45 United Arab Emirates Flag United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates 1971/12/2 9,890,413
46 Uzbekistan Flag Uzbekistan Republic of Uzbekistan 1991/9/1 33,469,214
47 Vietnam Flag Vietnam Socialist Republic of Viet Nam 1945/9/2 97,338,590
48 Yemen Flag Yemen Republic of Yemen 1967/11/30 29,825,975

Facts about Asia Continent

  • Asia contains most of the Earth’s deserts: from Arabia (Saudi Arabia), Syria, Thal (Pakistan), Thar (or Great Indian Desert), Lut (or Desert of Iran), Gobi (Mongolia), Taklamakan (China), Karakum (Turkmenistan), Kerman (Iran), Judea (Israel), Negev.
  • Asia contains 11 time zones.
  • Asians were also the inventors of paper, gunpowder, compass and printing press.
  • Asia’s main trading blocs are: Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), Asia-Europe Economic Meeting, Association of Southeast Asian Countries (ASEAN), Closer Economic and Trade Relations Agreements (China with Hong Kong and with Macao), Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) and South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC).
  • The so-called “Asian Tigers” (South Korea, Taiwan, Singapore and Hong Kong) are the largest economic and financial powers of the continent.
  • On the Asian continent, the urban population is 40% while the rural population is 60%.
  • Asia has 48 independent countries.
  • The main religions of the Asian continent are: Muslims (21.9%) and Hinduists (21.5%).

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