Palestine Facts

Country Profile

Palestine is in West Asia, divided into the West Bank and Gaza Strip. In 1947, the United Nations partitioned Palestine according to the provisions of Resolution No. 18l. Palestine covers an area of l 15 million square kilometers and has a population of 18.8 million. Residents are Muslim. The language is Arabic. In the 1967 Middle East war, Israel occupied the entire territory of Pakistan. The Palestinian National Council accepted UN resolution 181, establishing a Palestinian state and declaring Jerusalem the capital.

Palestine National Flag

On the flagpole side, there is a red triangle, while on the right, top to bottom, there are black, white, and green rectangles. Red symbolizes the revolution, black is a symbol of courage and indomitability, white symbolizes the purity of the revolution, and green is a symbol of faith.

History Summary

From 1020 BC to 923 AD, the Hebrew kingdom was established. After the Roman conquest of Palestine, the Jews were expelled from most of Palestine. In 622 AD, the Arabs defeated the Roman Empire, taking over Palestine. In the 16th century, Palestine was a part of the Ottoman Empire, and became a British mandated territory after World War I. During the British occupation of Palestine, it was divided into two parts: east of the Jordan, called Jordan, the Hashemite Kingdom of today; west of the Jordan, called Palestine. On November 29, 1947, the General Assembly adopted resolution No. 181, requiring the establishment in Palestine of Arab and Jewish States. The Jews agreed to the resolution, while the Arab countries opposed it. The next day, after statehood, on May 15, they declared war tand were defeated, and Israel occupied most of the land area. On June 5, 1967, the third Middle East war began, and Israel occupied the Palestinian areas during the war. The Palestinian people want their own independent state, which is a major issue in the Middle East.

Dead Sea

Located between Jordan and the Palestinian areas, it is a landlocked lake. With a total area of about 1,000 square kilometers, an average depth of 146 meters, and a maximum depth of 415 meters, it is the world’s lowest land. Drought and evaporation have resulted in water seven to eight times as salty as sea water; no fish or plants can survive here. In the Dead Sea, swimmers can sit comfortably in the water, so the Dead Sea is also known as the “unsinkable sea.” Dead Sea water, with up to 42 billion tons of chlorine and bromine, potassium, magnesium and other minerals, has high economic value.