Bangladesh Overview

Country Profile

Bangladesh is located on the northeast of the Indian subcontinent and is also known as the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. Covering an area of 147,570 square kilometers, Bangledesh has a population of 1.33 million population, of whom 98% Bengali, with more than 20 ethnic minorities. Islam is the state religion. Bengali is the national language, and English is the official language. The currency is taka. The capital is Dhaka (Dhaka).

Bangladesh National Flag

The flag is dark green, with red circle at center-left. Green symbolizes the earth, while the cirlce symbolizes the dawn of a red sun after a bloody struggle.

Bangladesh Country Flag

History Summary

Bengali is part of the South Asian subcontinent, one of the world’s ancient peoples. The Bangladesh region has seen the establishment of an independent state several times over; its territory once included the current Indian West Bengal, Bihar, and other states. By the 16th century, Bangladesh had developed into the most densely populated part of the sub-continent, with the most developed economy and most cultural prosperous part of the region. In the second half of the 18th century, Bengladesh was a province of British India. After the 1947 partition of India, Bangladesh was divided into Eastern and Western parts, with the Eastern part going to Pakistan and the Western part going to India. In March 1971, East Pakistan declared independence, and, in January 1972, established the People’s Republic of Bangladesh.

Economy and Culture Overview

Bangladesh’s economy is dominated by agriculture. The main crops are rice, wheat, woven, cotton, sugar, and paper. Bangladesh is the home of jute. Jute fibers produce a long, flexible and shiny fiber, said to be the “golden fiber.” Bengladesh’s production accounts for 75% to 80% of the total world production of jute.

Cox’s Bazar beach is the world’s longest and mostly reports no shark hazard. It is a wide, beautiful beach, 120 kilometers long, and parallel to the beach there are about 100 km long hills.


Bagherhat is a historic city. Built in the first half of the 15th century AD, the city has an Islamic religious architecture. One of its notable features is a lack of defensive buildings. Another unique feature is its complete municipal facilities, showing mastery of urban design and architectural skills.

Constant Creek

Originating in the Himalayas, flowing south through India and Bangladesh into the Indian Ocean northeast of the Bay of Bengal, Constant Creek has a length of 2700 km and a drainage area of 1.06 million square kilometers. The Ganges River is the world’s most fertile soil and one of the most densely populated areas in the world. The River Ganges plain is in the middle of ancient India, the birthplace of civilization.

Bangladesh Map

Bangladesh Map

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