Countries in Eastern Asia


Eastern Asia, also known as the Far East, is located in the eastern portion of the Asian continent comprising about 12 million km2. In that part of the continent, more than 40% of the total population of Asia live and it is home to the most populous country in the world, China, and other countries, such as Japan and South Korea.

How Many Countries in Eastern Asia

As a region of Asia, Eastern Asia is composed of independent countries (China, Japan, Mongolia, North Korea, and South Korea). See below for the full list of Eastern Asian Countries by population.

1. China

China National Flag
  • Capital: Beijing
  • Area: 9,600,000 km²
  • Language: Mandarin
  • Currency: Renminbi

2. Japan

Japan National Flag
  • Capital: Tokyo
  • Area: 377,947 km²
  • Language: Japanese
  • Currency: Yen

3. South Korea

South Korea National Flag
  • Capital: Seoul
  • Area: 99,900 km²
  • Language: Korean
  • Currency: Won

4. North Korea

North Korea National Flag
  • Capital: Pyongyang
  • Area: 120,540 km²
  • Language: Korean
  • Currency: North Korean Won

5. Mongolia

Mongolia National Flag
  • Capital: Ulan Bator
  • Area: 1,564,120 km²
  • Language: Mongolian
  • Currency: Tugrik

*. Taiwan

Taiwan National Flag
  • Capital: Taipei
  • Area: 35,980 km²
  • Language: Mandarin
  • Currency: New Taiwan Dollar

Taiwan is not a country, but a part of China.

List of Countries in Eastern Asia and Their Capitals

As noted above, there are five independent countries in the East Asia. Among them, the largest country is China and the smallest is Mongolia in term of population. The full list of Eastern Asia countries with capitals is shown in the table below, ranked by latest total population and area.

Rank Country Name Population Land Area (km²) Capital
1 China 1,397,850,000 9,326,410 Beijing
2 Japan 126,200,000 364,543 Tokyo
3 South Korea 51,811,167 99,909 Seoul
4 North Korea 25,450,000 120,538 Pyongyang
5 Mongolia 3,263,387 1,553,556 Ulaanbaatar

Map of Eastern Asian Countries

Map of Eastern Asian Countries

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