Countries in Northern Europe


How Many Countries in Northern Europe

As a region of Europe, Northern Europe is composed of 10 independent countries (Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Iceland, Ireland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom) and 3 territories (Åland Islands, Faroe Islands, Isle of Man). See below for the list of North European countries and dependencies by population.  Also, you can find all of them in alphabetical order at this end of this page.

1. Denmark

Denmark National Flag
  • Capital: Copenhagen
  • Area: 43,090 km²
  • Language: Danish
  • Currency: Danish Krone

2. Estonia

Estonia National Flag
  • Capital: Tallinn
  • Area: 45,230 km²
  • Language: Estonian
  • Currency: Estonia

3. Finland

Finland National Flag
  • Capital: Helsinki
  • Area: 338,420 km²
  • Languages: Finnish and Swedish
  • Currency: Euro

4. Iceland

Iceland National Flag
  • Capital: Reykjavik
  • Area: 103,000 km²
  • Language: Icelandic
  • Currency: Icelandic Krona

5. Ireland

  • Capital: Dublin
  • Area: 70,280 km²
  • Language: Irish and English
  • Currency: Euro

6. Latvia

Latvia National Flag
  • Capital: Riga
  • Area: 64.589 km²
  • Language: Latvian
  • Currency: Euro

7. Lithuania

Lithuania National Flag
  • Capital: Vilnius
  • Area: 65,300 km²
  • Language: Lithuanian
  • Currency: Euro

8. Norway

Norway National Flag
  • Capital: Oslo
  • Area: 323,780 km²
  • Language: Norwegian
  • Currency: Norwegian Krone

9. Sweden

Sweden National Flag
  • Capital: Stockholm
  • Area: 450,300 km²
  • Language: Swedish
  • Currency: Swedish Krona

10. United Kingdom

United Kingdom National Flag
  • Capital: London
  • Area: 243,610 km²
  • Language: English
  • Currency: British Pound

List of Countries in Northern Europe and Their Capitals

As noted above, there are ten independent countries in the Northern Europe. Among them, the largest country is United Kingdom and the smallest is Iceland. The full list of Northern European countries with capitals is shown in the table below, ranked by latest total population.

Rank Independent Country Current Population Capital
1 United Kingdom 66,040,229 London
2 Sweden 10,263,568 Stockholm
3 Denmark 5,811,413 Copenhagen
4 Finland 5,518,752 Helsinki
5 Norway 5,334,762 Oslo
6 Ireland 4,857,000 Dublin
7 Lithuania 2,791,133 Vilnius
8 Latvia 1,915,100 Riga
9 Estonia 1,324,820 Tallinn
10 Iceland 358,780 Reykjavik

Territories in Northern Europe

Rank Dependent Territory Population Territory of
1 Isle of Man 83,314 U.K.
2 Faroe Islands 51,705 Denmark
3 Åland Islands 29,489 Finland

Map of Countries in Northern Europe

Map of Countries in Northern Europe

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