Ireland Overview

Country Profile

Ireland is located in northwestern Europe, the island of Ireland, an area of 70,300 square thousand years. Population of 3.98 million, mostly Irish. 94% of the population is Roman Catholic. The official language is English and the Irish down. Currency is the euro. Dublin (Dublin).

Ireland National Flag

From left to right, the Irish flag has three equal vertical stripes of green, white and orange. Green represents the Irish Catholic population, orange represents the Protestant population and white is the symbol of hope that a permanent truce between Catholics and Protestants can be achieved.

Ireland Country Flag

History Summary

In 452 AD, St. Patrick spread Christianity and Roman culture to Ireland. In 1169, there was the British invasion. In 1541, the British king became king of Ireland. In 1916, a blast in Dublin issued the Anti-British “Easter Rising.” On December 6, 1921, the British were forced to allow the southern 28 states to set up a “Free State”, with the northern six counties still vested in the United Kingdom. In 1957, this “Free State” became a republic, but remained in the Commonwealth. On December 21, 1948, it exited the Commonwealth. On April 18, 1949, the British recognized its independence, but refused to return the northern six states.


Ireland has many central plains, lakes and swamps, with an average elevation of 100 m. The north, northwest and south of the country has plateaus and mountains. The marine climate is of temperate broadleaf forest. The coldest average monthly temperature is 3.2C and the hottest average monthly temperature is only 16.2C, with an annual precipitation of 750~1,000 mm. Meadows and pastures account for about 80% of the total land area.

Economy and Culture Overview

Ireland is a traditional agricultural country. Animal husbandry dominates the economy, mainly cattle, sheep, swine and poultry, with only a small amount of wheat, oat, potato and sugar beet planting. Its industry is mainly tourism, electronics, telecommunications, chemicals, little medicine, machinery manufacturing, food processing and cigarettes.

The Irish like to drink whiskey, but also distill high quality Irish whiskey made from potatoes. Ireland is regarded as the home of whiskey. Men’s traditional clothing is short skirts called “guilds.” Irish folk musical instruments are the bagpipes, which are played using two or more synthetic pipes and the reed pressure from the arm of a leather pocket to create wind and thereby a vibration.

Because the law prohibits divorce and remarriage, Irish people treat marriage very cautiously and late marriage is widespread. Irish women are smart and capable and are good at financial management. The Irish like horseracing, with a week-long horseracing meet held in August every year. Irish bloodstock has a fine global reputation.

Jilaerni Lake

This is Ireland’s famous scenic spot and tourist center. Located in the southwest, it is formed by the middle and lower of three lakes and is surrounded by trees and lush mountains. The smallest on the Lake, 174 hectares of forests around the shade. On the east coast are limestone caves. dissolution of limestone cave is the second canine teeth staggered and shapes, strange Shilin Li, charming. There are eight island lakes. A two-mile long channel connects the two lakes. In the lake area, there is around 275 hectares and inside there are four small islands. A channel connects Lean Lake, which is the northernmost and largest (2,024 ha) lake with more than 30 different sized green islands. Ross Island has preserved the remains of ancient castles.

Irish Dance

This is a type of tap dance mainly wearing black street shoes and using of flexible wooden dance floor. This dance has a variety of rhythms and is a very free form. Ireland more than half of tap dance to keep the upper body still. The three top Irish dance pieces are “Riverdance,” “King of Dance” and “Dance of the Rhyme.” Riverdance is an epic large-scale dance drama. It is the treasure of world dance and the pride of the Irish nation. Using traditional Irish tap dance characteristics, it combines Spanish flamenco dance, classical ballet and modern dance to be the world’s undisputed national styles of dance.

Ireland Map

Ireland Map

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