United Kingdom Facts


Great Britain, State of Western Europe; 244,233 km2, 66.5 million residents (2019).The UK consists of the UK, Scotland and Wales, located on the British main island and Northern Ireland on the island of Ireland. In addition, the Orkney Islands, the Shetland Islands and the Outer Hebrides. The UK also has 13 possessions around the world with a total population of around 200,000 residents. The Channel Islands and the Isle of Man are directly subordinated to the krona and are not part of the country. The capital is London (8.4 million residents, 2014).

United Kingdom Country Flag

Country facts

  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland / United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
  • Country abbreviation: GB (UK)
  • Area: 244 233 km2
  • Population (2019): 66.5 million residents
  • Capital: London
  • Main language: English
  • State: Monarchy
  • Head of State: Elizabeth II (Queen)
  • Head of Government: Theresa May
  • Per capita GDP (2018): US $ 42,491
  • GNI per capita (2018): US $ 41,340
  • Currency unit: 1 pound = 100 pence
  • Currency code: GBP
  • Country number (telephony): 44
  • Internet domain name: uk
  • Time difference compared to Sweden: −1
  • National Day: Second Saturday in June (Monarch’s official birthday)

Nature

  • Land use: forest (10%), agricultural land (25%), other (65%)
  • Highest mountain: Ben Nevis (1,335 m above sea level)

Population

  • Population density (2019): 272 residents per km2
  • Natural population growth (2019): 0.2%; birth number 11 ‰, death number 9 ‰
  • Age structure (2019): 0-14 years (18%), 15-64 (64%), 65- (18%)
  • Life expectancy (2019): men 79 years, women 83 years
  • Infant mortality (2019): 4 per 1,000 live births
  • Population forecast 2050: 75 million residents
  • HDI (2017): 0.922 (place 14 of 189)
  • Urbanization rate (2019): 83%
  • Most populous cities (2014): London (8.4 million residents), Birmingham (1.1 million), Glasgow (596,600)

Business

  • Industry’s contribution to GDP (2017): agriculture (1%), industry (20%), service (79%)
  • Exports (2017): US $ 441,200 million
  • Main export products: machinery, fuel, chemicals
  • Main exporting countries: USA, Germany, France
  • Imports (2017): US $ 615 900 million
  • Main import products: machinery, fuel, food
  • Main importing countries: Germany, USA, China
  • Railway network (2015): 16,500 km

The UK consists of the UK, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland located on the island of Ireland on the main island. The Channel Islands and the Isle of Man are directly subordinated to the krona and are not part of the country. The UK also has 13 possessions around the world.

The British main island consists of highlands in the north and west, while in the east there are mainly lowland areas. The latter mainly consists of a soft and wavy landscape with a slight slope to the southwest. Northern Ireland partly consists of a upland hillside landscape.

The monarch is the head of state but lacks political power. According to the constitutional doctrine, Parliament consists of the crown, the upper house and the lower house. In practice, power is entirely concentrated in the lower house and, above all, in the political majority, a leading group formed by the Cabinet. Elections to the lower house are made every five years. Scotland, which previously had considerable self-government, has since 1999 established its own parliament in Edinburgh.

The country’s business sector has long been based on the traditional (and partly outdated) heavy industry, but since the 1970s, a structural change has taken place to such an extent that the service industries’ importance has increased significantly. London is one of the world’s leading financial centers.

United Kingdom Map

United Kingdom Map

 

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