Countries in Western Europe


How Many Countries in Western Europe

As a region of Europe, Western Europe is composed of independent countries (Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Monaco, Netherlands, Switzerland) and 2 territories (Guernsey, Jersey). See below for the list of West European countries and dependencies by population.  Also, you can find all of them in alphabetical order at this end of this page.

1. Austria

Austria, officially the Republic of Austria, is a landlocked state in Central Europe. Austria borders both Germany and the Czech Republic to the north, Slovakia and Hungary to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west.

Austria National Flag
  • Capital: Vienna
  • Area: 83,879 km²
  • Language: German
  • Currency: Euro

2. Belgium

Belgium is a constitutional monarchy in Western Europe and borders France, Germany, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. Belgium is the seat of EU headquarters and several major international organizations. There are about 11 million people living in Belgium and the two largest regions are called Flanders which is located in the north and the French-speaking southern region of Wallonia.

Belgium National Flag
  • Capital: Brussels
  • Area: 30,530 km²
  • Languages: French, German and Dutch
  • Currency: Euro

3. France

France, formally the Republic of France, or alternatively the French Republic, is a republic in Western Europe. France has coasts to the Atlantic, the English Channel and the Mediterranean.

France National Flag
  • Capital: Paris
  • Area: 549,190 km²
  • Language: French
  • Currency: Euro

4. Germany

Germany, formally the Federal Republic of Germany, is a federal state located in Central Europe consisting of 16 states. Germany is one of the world’s leading industrial countries.

Germany National Flag
  • Capital: Berlin
  • Area: 357,120 km²
  • Language: German
  • Currency: Euro

5. Liechtenstein

Liechtenstein, formally the Principality of Liechtenstein, is an independent constitutional monarchy in the Alps of Central Europe, located between Switzerland and Austria. Liechtenstein is one of Europe’s microstates.

Liechtenstein National Flag
  • Capital: Vaduz
  • Area: 160 km²
  • Language: German
  • Currency: Swiss Franc

6. Luxembourg

Luxembourg, officially the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, is a state located in Western Europe. The country borders Belgium to the west and north, Germany to the east and France to the south.

Luxembourg National Flag
  • Capital: Luxembourg
  • Area: 2,590 km²
  • Language: Luxembourgish
  • Currency: Euro

7. Monaco

Monaco, formally the Principality of Monaco, is a microstat with a constitutional monarchy located in southern France in Western Europe.

Flag of Monaco
  • Capital: Monaco
  • Area: 2.1 km²
  • Languages: French
  • Currency: Euro

8. Netherlands

The Netherlands, formally the Kingdom of the Netherlands, is a country in Western Europe. The country borders the North Sea to the north and west, Belgium to the south and Germany to the east. The Netherlands also includes the municipalities of Bonaire, Saba and Sint Eustatius in the Caribbean.

Netherlands National Flag
  • Capital: Amsterdam
  • Area: 41,540 km²
  • Language: Dutch
  • Currency: Euro

9. Switzerland

Switzerland or officially the Swiss Confederation is a federation in Central Europe, bordering France, Germany, Italy, Austria and Liechtenstein.

Switzerland National Flag
  • Capital: Bern
  • Area: 41,280 km²
  • Languages: German, French and Italian
  • Currency: Swiss Franc

List of Countries in Western Europe and Their Capitals

As noted above, there are 3 independent countries in the Western Europe. Among them, the largest country is Germany and the smallest is Monaco. The full list of Western European countries with capitals is shown in the table below, ranked by latest total population.

Rank Independent Country Current Population Capital
1 Germany 82,979,100 Berlin
2 France 66,998,000 Paris
3 Netherlands 17,325,700 Amsterdam
4 Belgium 11,467,362 Brussels
5 Austria 8,869,537 Vienna
6 Switzerland 8,542,323 Bern
7 Luxembourg 613,894 Luxembourg
8 Liechtenstein 38,380 Vaduz
9 Monaco 38,300 Monaco

Territories in Western Europe

Rank Dependent Territory Population Territory of
1 Jersey 105,500 U.K.
2 Guernsey 62,063 U.K.

Map of Countries in Western Europe

Map of Countries in Western Europe

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