Liechtenstein Facts


Liechtenstein, Central European State; 160 km2, 38 000 residents (2019).Liechtenstein is located in the Upper Rhine Valley in the Alps on the border between Switzerland and Austria. The country has been closely associated with Switzerland through the Customs, Currency and Postal Union since the early 1900s. The capital is Vaduz (5,600 residents, 2019).

Liechtenstein Country Flag

Country facts

  • Principality of Liechtenstein / Principality of Liechtenstein
  • Country abbreviation: LI
  • Surface: 160 km2
  • Population (2019): 38,000 residents
  • Capital: Vaduz
  • Main language: German
  • State: Independent Principality
  • Head of State: Hans Adam II (prince)
  • Head of Government: Adrian Hasler
  • Per capita GDP (2015): US $ 168 146
  • GNI per capita (2009): US $ 136,770
  • Currency unit: 1 Swiss franc = 100 centime
  • Currency code: CHF
  • Country number (telephony): 423
  • Internet domain name: li
  • Time difference compared to Sweden: 0
  • National Day: August 15 (Ascension Day)

Nature

  • Land use: forest (35%), agricultural land (24%), other (41%)
  • Highest mountain: Grauspitze (2 599 m above sea level)

Population

  • Population density (2019): 238 residents per km2
  • Natural population growth (2019): 0.2%; birth number 9 ‰, death number 7 ‰
  • Age structure (2019): 0-14 years (15%), 15-64 (68%), 65- (17%)
  • Life expectancy (2019): men 82 years, women 86 years
  • Infant mortality (2019): 4 per 1,000 live births
  • Population forecast 2050: 44,000 residents
  • HDI (2017): 0.916 (place 17 of 189)
  • Urbanization rate (2019): 14%
  • Most populous cities (2019): Schaan (6,000 residents), Vaduz (5,600)

Business

  • Industry’s contribution to GDP (2014): agriculture (7%), industry (41%), service (52%)
  • Exports (2015): US $ 3 217 million
  • Main export products: machinery, parts for the electronics industry, optical equipment
  • Main exporting countries: Germany, Austria, France
  • Imports (2015): US $ 1,989 million
  • Main import products: agricultural products, raw materials, machinery
  • Main importing countries: Switzerland, Germany, France

Communications

  • Railway network (2010): 9 km
  • Road network (2010): 380 km
  • Internet users per 100 residents (2016): 97

Liechtenstein is a mountain country bounded in the west by the Rhine River. The slopes towards Rhendalen house most of the settlement. To the east of the Samina Valley are the highest mountain peaks. The climate varies greatly according to the terrain conditions but is of a Central European continental type with hot summers and cold winters.

The country is a constitutional, parliamentary, male hereditary monarchy. Since 1862, Liechtenstein has a parliament which, according to the constitution, has 25 members elected for four years in direct, general elections. Parliament appoints the five members of the government.

The country has for a few decades evolved from a traditional agricultural society to an advanced industrial society. The standard of living has been on par with Switzerland. Agriculture is traditionally dominated by livestock management with a focus on dairy products. Industry and commerce have become the most important industries; inter alia metal products, pharmaceuticals and food are produced. Many foreign companies have settled in Liechtenstein for tax reasons. In recent years, following pressure from the outside world, banking secrecy has been eased.

Liechtenstein Map

Liechtenstein Map

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