Iceland Overview

Country Profile

Iceland is located in the North Atlantic, near the Arctic Circle. The full name of the country is the Republic of Iceland. Covering an area of 103,000 square kilometers, it has a population of 287,000, all of a single Germanic ethnicity. Residents are Evangelical Lutheran. Icelandic is the official language, and English is widely spoken. ISK is the currency. The capital is Reykjavik (Reykjavik).

Iceland National Flag

The flag is blue, with a red and white cross. Blue sea and white snow are Iceland’s national colors. The cross on the flag comes from Denmark and the history of relations between Iceland, Norway, and Denmark.

Iceland Country Flag

History Summary

At the end of the 8th century, Irish monks first moved to Iceland. In the second half of the 9th century, Norwegian immigrant began to arrive in Iceland. 930 years of the establishment of the Federal Parliament and Iceland. In 1262, Iceland belonged to Norway. In 1380, Iceland and Norway were under Danish rule. Iceland had internal self-government by 1904. In 1918, the Danish signed a federal law providing Iceland sovereignity at home, but Denmark still controlled its foreign affairs. In 1940, the Germans occupied Denmark, and Danish relations with Iceland broke. British troops were stationed there in the same year, with the U.S. military to replace the British the following year. On June 16, 1944, the dissolution of Parliament was formally announced , and the Republic of Iceland was established in June 17.

Economy and Culture Overview

Given the history of the ice age and Iceland’s high latitudes, one-eighth of Iceland’s land is covered by glaciers. The thickest glaciers are over 1,000 meters.There are more than 200 volcanoes on the island and its territories, of which more than twenty are active. Mountains and volcanoes serve as contrast to glistening white glaciers, a rare and strange landscape. Iceland has the most hot springs of any country in the world, so it’s said to be the “hot island.”

Iceland is rich in fishery resources. On the northern and eastern coast, a lot of bait was brough here to allow fishing here. The fish catch per capita is the highest in the world. Industrial fish processing and aluminum smelting are part of this high-energy industrial economy. Fishing equipment and stamping production lines occupy a leading position in the world.

Under the Constitution, establishment of a military in Iceland is prohibited. The country relies on the United States for its defense. Because of its small population, the state encourages fertility, and unmarried cohabitating couples having children is legal, as is having children once over the age of 16. According to their agreement between Iceland and the other Nordic countries, Iceland Airlines provides transportation from outside the country and has the responsibility for immigration. No landing of aircraft of other countries is permitted.

Big Geyser

One of the world famous Great Geysers Is located in southwestern Iceland, near the high Kadaluer. The diameter of the round pool is 18 meters, with additional 10 cm diameter holes. Inside the cave, the temperature reaches up to hundreds of degrees Celsius. Before each eruption, the ground rumbles, the sound gradually increases, resulting in boiling water vapor that finally reaches a high altitude. The water column can get as high as 50 meters, ranking it the highest geyser in Iceland. Each eruption continues for twelve minutes and is a spectacular scene.

Iceland Map

Iceland Map

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