Countries in Eastern Africa


How Many Nations in Eastern Africa

Located in east part of Africa, Eastern Africa is composed of 18 countries. Here is an alphabetical list of all countries in East Africa: Burundi, Comoros, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Rwanda, Seychelles, Somalia, South Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Among them, Mozambique belongs to the PALOP (Portuguese Speaking African Countries).

1. Burundi

Burundi National Flag
  • Capital: Bujumbura
  • Approximate territorial extension: 27,830 km 2
  • Language: French and Kyrundi
  • Currency: Burundian Franc

2. Comoros

Comoros National Flag
  • Capital: Moroni
  • Approximate territorial extension: 1,861 km 2
  • Language: Arabic, French and Comorian
  • Currency: Comoros Franc

3. Djibouti

Djibouti National Flag
  • Capital: Djibouti
  • Approximate territorial extension: 23,200 km 2
  • Language: Arabic and French
  • Currency: Djibouti Franc

4. Eritrea

Eritrea National Flag
  • Capital: Asmara
  • Approximate territorial extension: 117,600 km 2
  • Language: Arabic and Tigrina
  • Currency: Nakfa

5. Ethiopia

  • Capital: Addis Ababa
  • Approximate territorial extension: 1,104,300 km 2
  • Language: Amharic
  • Currency: Birr

6. Madagascar

Madagascar National Flag
  • Capital: Antananarivo
  • Approximate territorial extension: 587,040 km 2
  • Language: French and Malagasy
  • Currency: Ariary

7. Malawi

Malawi National Flag
  • Capital: Lilong
  • Approximate territorial extension: 118.480 km 2
  • English language
  • Currency: Quacha

8. Mauritius

Mauritius National Flag
  • Capital: Port Louis
  • Approximate territorial extension: 2,040 km 2
  • English language
  • Currency: Mauritian Rupee

9. Mozambique

Mozambique National Flag
  • Capital: Maputo
  • Approximate territorial extension: 799,380 km 2
  • Portuguese language
  • Currency: Metical

10. Kenya

Kenya National Flag
  • Capital: Nairobi
  • Approximate territorial extension: 580.370 km 2
  • Language: Swahili
  • Currency: Shilling

11. Rwanda

Rwanda National Flag
  • Capital: Kigali
  • Approximate territorial extension: 26.340 km 2
  • Language: French, Quiniaruana and English
  • Currency: Rwandan Franc

12. Seychelles

Seychelles National Flag
  • Capital: Vitória
  • Approximate territorial extension: 460 km 2
  • Language: Creole
  • Currency: Seychelles Rupee

13. Somalia

Somalia National Flag
  • Capital: Mogadishu
  • Approximate territorial extension: 637,660 km 2
  • Language: Arabic and Somali
  • Currency: Shilling

14. Tanzania

Tanzania National Flag
  • Capital: Dodoma
  • Approximate territorial extension: 947.300 km 2
  • Language: Swahili English
  • Currency: Tanzanian Shilling

15. Uganda

Uganda National Flag
  • Capital: Kampala
  • Approximate territorial extension: 241.550 km 2
  • English language
  • Currency: Ugandan Shilling

16. Zambia

  • Capital: Lusaka
  • Approximate territorial extension: 752,610 km 2
  • English language
  • Currency: Quacha

17. Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe National Flag
  • Capital: Harare
  • Approximate territorial extension: 390.760 km 2
  • English language
  • Currency: US Dollar and Rand

Countries in Eastern Africa by Population and Their Capitals

As noted above, there are eighteen independent countries in the Eastern Africa. Among them, the largest country is Ethiopia and the smallest one is Seychelles in term of population. The full list of Eastern African countries with capitals is shown in the table below, ranked by latest total population.

Rank Country Population Land Area (km²) Capital
1 Ethiopia 98,665,000 1,000,000 Addis Ababa
2 Tanzania 55,890,747 885,800 Dar es Salaam; Dodoma
3 Kenya 52,573,973 569,140 Nairobi
4 Uganda 40,006,700 197,100 Kampala
5 Mozambique 27,909,798 786,380 Maputo
6 Madagascar 25,263,000 581,540 Antananarivo
7 Malawi 17,563,749 94,080 Lilongwe
8 Zambia 17,381,168 743,398 Lusaka
9 Somalia 15,442,905 627,337 Mogadishu
10 Zimbabwe 15,159,624 386,847 Harare
11 South Sudan 12,778,250 644,329 Juba
12 Rwanda 12,374,397 24,668 Kigali
13 Burundi 10,953,317 25,680 Gitega
14 Eritrea 3,497,117 101,000 Asmara
15 Mauritius 1,265,577 2,030 Port Louis
16 Djibouti 1,078,373 23,180 Djibouti
17 Comoros 873,724 1,862 Moroni
18 Seychelles 96,762 455 Victoria

Map of East African Countries

Map of East African Countries

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