Countries in Eastern Africa


How Many Nations in Eastern Africa

Located in east part of Africa, Eastern Africa is composed of 18 countries. Here is an alphabetical list of all countries in East Africa: Burundi, Comoros, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Rwanda, Seychelles, Somalia, South Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Among them, Mozambique belongs to the PALOP (Portuguese Speaking African Countries).

1. Burundi

Burundi is a state in East Africa bordering Congo-Kinshasa, Rwanda and Tanzania.

Burundi National Flag
  • Capital: Gitega
  • Area: 27,830 km 2
  • Languages: French and Kyrundi
  • Currency: Burundian Franc

2. Comoros

Comoros National Flag
  • Capital: Moroni
  • Area: 1,861 km 2
  • Languages: Arabic, French and Comorian
  • Currency: Comoros Franc

3. Djibouti

Djibouti is a state in East Africa in the Horn of Africa and borders Eritrea in the north, Ethiopia in the west and northwest and in the south Somalia. The country is the third smallest on the African mainland and more than 750,000 people live in Djibouti.

Djibouti National Flag
  • Capital: Djibouti
  • Area: 23,200 km 2
  • Languages: Arabic and French
  • Currency: Djibouti Franc

4. Eritrea

Eritrea is a state in East Africa on the Red Sea and borders Djibouti, Ethiopia and Sudan. The name Eritrea comes from the Greek name for the Red Sea Erythra thalassa.

Eritrea National Flag
  • Capital: Asmara
  • Area: 117,600 km 2
  • Languages: Arabic and Tigrina
  • Currency: Nakfa

5. Ethiopia

Ethiopia is located on the Horn of Africa in northeastern Africa. Ethiopia is Africa’s third most populous country.

  • Capital: Addis Ababa
  • Area: 1,104,300 km 2
  • Language: Amharic
  • Currency: Birr

6. Madagascar

Madagascar, formally the Republic of Madagascar, is a state located on the island of Madagascar in the Indian Ocean, east of southern Africa. The island is to the surface the world’s fourth largest.

Madagascar National Flag
  • Capital: Antananarivo
  • Area: 587,040 km 2
  • Languages: French and Malagasy
  • Currency: Ariary

7. Malawi

Malawi, formally the Republic of Malawi, is a state in southern Africa bordering Mozambique to the east, Tanzania to the east and north, and Zambia to the west.

Malawi National Flag
  • Capital: Lilong
  • Area: 118,480 km 2
  • Language: English
  • Currency: Quacha

8. Mauritius

Mauritius, formally the Republic of Mauritius, is an island nation in the Indian Ocean. It is located east of Madagascar, about 1,800 km from the African coast.

Mauritius National Flag
  • Capital: Port Louis
  • Area: 2,040 km 2
  • Language: English
  • Currency: Mauritian Rupee

9. Mozambique

Mozambique, formally the Republic of Mozambique, is a republic in southeastern Africa. The country is located on the Indian Ocean and is separated from Madagascar in the east by the Mozambique Channel.

Mozambique National Flag
  • Capital: Maputo
  • Area: 799,380 km 2
  • Language: Portuguese
  • Currency: Metical

10. Kenya

Kenya, formally the Republic of Kenya is a state in East Africa, on the Indian Ocean, bordering Ethiopia, Somalia, South Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda.

Kenya National Flag
  • Capital: Nairobi
  • Area: 580,370 km 2
  • Language: Swahili
  • Currency: Shilling

11. Rwanda

Rwanda, formerly Rwanda, formally the Republic of Rwanda, is a state in Central Africa bordering Burundi, Congo-Kinshasa, Tanzania and Uganda. It is Africa’s most densely populated country.

Rwanda National Flag
  • Capital: Kigali
  • Area: 26,340 km 2
  • Languages: French, Quiniaruana and English
  • Currency: Rwandan Franc

12. Seychelles

The Seychelles, formally the Republic of the Seychelles, is a state in the western Indian Ocean, off the east coast of Africa, consisting of about 90 islands. Official languages ​​are French, English and Seychelles Creole.

Seychelles National Flag
  • Capital: Victoria
  • Area: 460 km 2
  • Language: Creole
  • Currency: Seychelles Rupee

13. Somalia

Somalia, formally the Federal Republic of Somalia, is a country in the Horn of Africa bordering Djibouti in the north, Ethiopia in the west and Kenya in the southwest. In the north, the country has a coastline towards the Gulf of Aden and in the east and south towards the Indian Ocean.

Somalia National Flag
  • Capital: Mogadishu
  • Area: 637,660 km 2
  • Languages: Arabic and Somali
  • Currency: Shilling

14. Tanzania

Tanzania, officially the United Republic of Tanzania is a state in East Africa bordering Kenya and Uganda in the north, Rwanda, Burundi and Congo-Kinshasa in the west and Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique in the south. To the east, the country has coastline to the Indian Ocean.

Tanzania National Flag
  • Capital: Dodoma
  • Area: 947,300 km 2
  • Languages: Swahili and English
  • Currency: Tanzanian Shilling

15. Uganda

Uganda, formally the Republic of Uganda, is a landlocked state in East Africa. The country borders Congo-Kinshasa to the west, South Sudan to the north, Kenya to the east, Tanzania to the south and Rwanda to the southwest. The border with Kenya and Tanzania runs partly through Lake Victoria.

Uganda National Flag
  • Capital: Kampala
  • Area: 241,550 km 2
  • Language: English
  • Currency: Ugandan Shilling

16. Zambia

Zambia, formally the Republic of Zambia, is a coastal state in southern Africa, bordering Angola in the west, Congo-Kinshasa and Tanzania in the north, Malawi in the east, and Mozambique, Namibia, Botswana and Zimbabwe in the south.

  • Capital: Lusaka
  • Area: 752,610 km 2
  • Language: English
  • Currency: Quacha

17. Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe, officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, formerly Southern Rhodesia, is a coastal state in southern Africa bordering Botswana, Mozambique, South Africa and Zambia.

Zimbabwe National Flag
  • Capital: Harare
  • Area: 390,760 km 2
  • Language: English
  • Currency: US Dollar and Rand

Countries in Eastern Africa by Population and Their Capitals

As noted above, there are eighteen independent countries in the Eastern Africa. Among them, the largest country is Ethiopia and the smallest one is Seychelles in term of population. The full list of Eastern African countries with capitals is shown in the table below, ranked by latest total population.

Rank Country Population Land Area (km²) Capital
1 Ethiopia 98,665,000 1,000,000 Addis Ababa
2 Tanzania 55,890,747 885,800 Dar es Salaam; Dodoma
3 Kenya 52,573,973 569,140 Nairobi
4 Uganda 40,006,700 197,100 Kampala
5 Mozambique 27,909,798 786,380 Maputo
6 Madagascar 25,263,000 581,540 Antananarivo
7 Malawi 17,563,749 94,080 Lilongwe
8 Zambia 17,381,168 743,398 Lusaka
9 Somalia 15,442,905 627,337 Mogadishu
10 Zimbabwe 15,159,624 386,847 Harare
11 South Sudan 12,778,250 644,329 Juba
12 Rwanda 12,374,397 24,668 Kigali
13 Burundi 10,953,317 25,680 Gitega
14 Eritrea 3,497,117 101,000 Asmara
15 Mauritius 1,265,577 2,030 Port Louis
16 Djibouti 1,078,373 23,180 Djibouti
17 Comoros 873,724 1,862 Moroni
18 Seychelles 96,762 455 Victoria

Map of East African Countries

Map of East African Countries

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