Tanzania Overview

Country Profile

The United Republic of Tanzania, located in East Africa, covers an area of 945,000 square kilometers. It has a population of 34.57 million, comprising of 126 tribes. Many of the inhabitants adhere to local indigenous religious, with others defining themselves as Catholic, Protestant or Muslim. Swahili is the national language, with English as the official common language. The currency is the Tanzania shilling, and the capital is Dar Es Salaam.

Tanzania National Flag

The Tanzanian national flag is comprised of diagonal strips of color. Black symbolizes the dark skin of the African people, green denotes the mineral rich land, yellow represents wealth, and blue stands for the rivers, lakes, and seas.

Tanzania Country Flag

History Summary

During the 7th and 8th centuries, a large number of Arabs and Persians moved to what is now Tanzania, and by the end of the 10th century they had established an Islamic kingdom. In 1886, Tanzania, known as Tanganyika, was assigned to Germany. However, in November 1917, the British occupied the territory of Tanganyika, and in 1920, it became the British “Mandate land.” On December 9, 1961, independence was declared, one year after the establishment of the Republic of Tanganyika. In 1890 Zanzibar became a British “protectorate,” but declared independence in December of the same year, and a constitutional monarchy ruled Sudan. On January 12, 1964, the San people overthrew the rule of Sultan and established the People’s Republic of Zanzibar. On April 26, 1964, Tanganyika and Zanzibar formed a United Republic, an in the same year became known as the Republic of Tanzania.


Zanzibar is one of the two main African islands in the western Indian Ocean coral islands. Pemba is the other, getting its name from the Arabic for “green island.” The island supplies more than 60% of world’s production of cloves, with over 360 million trees dotted around the island. Clove flower buds per plant removable 50 100 kg. Although green when immature, and mature clove bud gradually becomes bright red or golden brown, after drying, Xingzhuang Si nails, so called cloves. The clove is a well-known spice throughout the world, and can be used to make candy, condiments, cosmetics, or medicine that cures stomach ailments and treats toothache. The plants bloom from July to December each year. At this time an endless stream of visitors flock to the area to view the scene.

Economy and Culture Overview

The Tanzanian economy is dominated by agriculture, and the main crops are corn, wheat, and rice. The production of sisal and cloves ranks first in the world, with sisal used to make mooring ropes, paper, alcohol, pectin, pesticides and other raw materials.. Temperature produced in the ancient island lilac cost to quality, particle size uniformity renowned international market, the “clove island” reputation. Mineral resources, mainly diamonds, gold, coal, iron, and phosphate are also abundant, and the country has rich forest resources, primarily red sandalwood, ebony, mahogany, and castanopsis trees.

Tanzania is considered to be the birthplace of humanity, with “East Africa Man” being excavated here. Also discovered were human footprints which are approximately 560 million years old. The country has spectacular and diverse natural scenery, intriguing local customs, and as frequented by tourists.. There are 11 national parks across the country, 10 wildlife protected areas, and 50 wildlife control area. Major attractions are Kilima Mazar Luoshan, the world’s most comprehensive Nature Reserve, the Ngorongoro crater, the world’s largest wildlife park, the Selous National Zoo, and the world’s largest wild animal zoo, the Serengeti National Park.

Ngozi dream Ngoro Nature Reserve

Located in northern Tanzania, a vast volcanic plateau area, they are famous for the grace of Yi Yi Luo Ron crater. The last eruption was approximately 250 million years ago. Slow and sustained changes have seen the emergence of rivers, lakes, forests and a variety of animals within the crater. The Ngorongoro Crater is the world’s most complete crater, about 18 kilometers in diameter, the wall along the altitudinal being 2,286 meters. The bottom of the crater has a total area of 160 square kilometers. An amazingly wide variety of animals exist within the crater, including zebras, antelope, lions, elephants, giraffes, hippos, and other animals, making the crater a paradise for wildlife.


Kilimanjaro is Africa’s highest peak, rising up to 5,895 meters above sea level. The peak’s crater has a diameter of 1,800 meters, around which is snow and ice. The peak of Mount Kilimanjaro is covered in snow all year round, so there are many strange and even modern glaciers, a phenomenon which has aroused great interest. Although Kilimanjaro is near the equator, the main peak towers above the clouds, across the snow line, resulting in a the general temperature of -34°C, which is why the top of the mountain sees snow and ice constantly. However, because the hillsides are covered with a layer of fertile volcanic ash, conditions are perfect for coffee, peanuts, sisal, tea and other cash crops to grow in abundance. The foot of the mountain is covered in tropical forest, with a plethora of wild animals.

Serengeti National Park

Northern Tanzania is home to the grasslands of the Serengeti National Park, which covers an area of 1,476,300 hectares and contains the world’s largest number and most varied fauna habitats. Millions of zebra, antelope, African elephants, lions, mane dogs, and hyenas live in the park.

Tanzania Map

Tanzania Map

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