Rwanda Facts


Rwanda, State of East Central Africa; 26,000 km2, 12.3 million residents (2019).Rwanda borders north to Congo (Kinshasa) and Uganda, east to Tanzania, south to Burundi and west to Congo (Kinshasa). The capital is Kigali (859,300 residents, 2013).

Rwanda Country Flag

Country facts

  • Republika y’u Rwanda (Rwanda)
  • Republic of Rwandaise (French) /
    Republic of Rwanda
  • Country abbreviation: RW
  • Area: 26 000 km2
  • Population (2019): 12.3 million residents
  • Capital: Kigali
  • Main languages: Rwanda, French
  • State: Republic
  • Head of State: Paul Kagame (President)
  • Head of Government: Edouard Ngirente
  • Per capita GDP (2018): US $ 773
  • GNI per capita (2018): US $ 780
  • Currency: 1 franc = 100 centimes
  • Currency code: RWF
  • Country number (telephony): 250
  • Internet domain name: rw
  • Time difference compared to Sweden: +1
  • National Day: July 1 (in memory of Independence, 1962)

Nature

  • Land use: forest (10%), agricultural land (48%), other (42%)
  • Highest mountain: Karisimbi (4,550 m asl)
  • Largest lake: Lake Kivus (2,370 km2 )

Population

  • Population density (2019): 485 residents per km2
  • Natural population growth (2019): 2.7%; birth number 32 ‰, death number 5 ‰
  • Age structure (2019): 0-14 years (40%), 15-64 (57%), 65- (3%)
  • Life expectancy (2019): men 66 years, women 70 years
  • Infant mortality (2019): 30 per 1,000 live births
  • Population forecast 2050: 23 million residents
  • HDI (2017): 0.524 (place 158 of 189)
  • Urbanization rate (2019): 19%
  • Most populous city (2013): Kigali (859,300 residents)

Business

  • Industry’s contribution to GDP (2017): agriculture (31%), industry (18%), service (51%)
  • Exports (2017): USD 1,050 million
  • Main export products: coffee, tea
  • Main exporting countries: United Arab Emirates, Kenya, Switzerland
  • Imports (2017): US $ 1 922 million
  • Main import products: food, machinery, steel
  • Main importing countries: China, Uganda, India
  • Railway network: nothing works

In the northwestern part of Rwanda lies the Virunga mountain chain of volcanoes. Otherwise, the western parts are dominated by a north-south mountain ridge. To the west of this is Lake Kivus, which flows through the Ruzizi River to Lake Tanganyika. To the east, the country slowly descends towards marshy plains adjacent to the river Kagera and its tributaries. The height above the sea gives Rwanda a relatively cool climate. Rainfall is the mountains to the west.

The president, who is the country’s head of state and commander-in-chief, is elected in general elections for seven years. Parliament consists of the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate. The Chamber of Deputies has 80 members, 53 of whom are elected in general elections for five years. The country became independent in 1962.

Even before the 1994 genocide, Rwanda had one of Africa’s weakest economies. Business has long been hampered by the country’s isolated location and its overpopulation. Raw materials are scarce, and the economy is almost entirely agricultural based. The industry is insignificant. During the first half of the 1990s, war and genocide destroyed Rwanda’s economic and social infrastructure. Thanks to considerable financial support from the outside world, the country has begun to recover after the civil war. During the 2010s, the country was recognized for its business-friendly climate, including a little bureaucracy and low corruption.

Rwanda Map

Rwanda Map

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