List of All Countries in Europe


Located in the northwestern Hemisphere, Europe has 45 countries and regions, with a population of 726,000,000 or about 1.5% of world’s total population. It is the world’s most densely populated continent, and most residents are of the white race. Covering an area of 1016 square kilometers, it accounts for 6.8% of the world’s land area. Its languages belong to the Indo-European language family (90% of the European population speaks one of these languages), with Uralic and Caucasian languages also spoken. The European language English is the world’s most widely used language. Residents are Protestant Christian and Catholic.

Alphabetical List of Countries in Europe

In summary, there are a total of 45 independent countries and 6 dependent territories in Europe. See the following for full list of European countries in alphabetical order:

# Country Name Official Name
1 Albania Republic of Albania
2 Andorra Principality of Andorra
3 Austria Republic of Austria
4 Belarus Republic of Belarus
5 Belgium Kingdom of Belgium
6 Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina
7 Bulgaria Republic of Bulgaria
8 Croatia Republic of Croatia
9 Czech Republic Czech Republic
10 Denmark Kingdom of Denmark
11 Estonia Republic of Estonia
12 Finland Republic of Finland
13 France French Republic
14 Germany Federal Republic of Germany
15 Greece Hellenic Republic
16 Holy See Holy See
17 Hungary Hungary
18 Iceland Republic of Iceland
19 Ireland Ireland
20 Italy Republic of Italy
21 Latvia Republic of Latvia
22 Liechtenstein Liechtenstein
23 Lithuania Republic of Lithuania
24 Luxembourg Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
25 Malta Republic of Malta
26 Moldova Republic of Moldova
27 Monaco Principality of Monaco
28 Montenegro Montenegro
29 Netherlands Kingdom of the Netherlands
30 North Macedonia Republic of North Macedonia
31 Norway Kingdom of Norway
32 Poland Republic of Poland
33 Portugal Portuguese Republic
34 Romania Romania
35 Russia Russian Federation
36 San Marino Republic of San Marino
37 Serbia Republic of Serbia
38 Slovakia Slovak Republic
39 Slovenia Republic of Slovenia
40 Spain Kingdom of Spain
41 Sweden Kingdom of Sweden
42 Switzerland Swiss Confederation
43 Turkey Republic of Turkey
44 Ukraine Ukraine
45 United Kingdom United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Countries in Europe by Population

Currently, there are 45 independent countries in Europe. As mentioned above, the most populous is Russia and the least populated is Holy See. The full list of countries in Europe is shown in the table below, ranked by latest total population.

Rank Country Name Region Population Percentage
1 Russia Eastern Europe 146,793,733 17.76%
2 Germany Western Europe 82,979,089 10.04%
3 Turkey Southern Europe 82,003,871 9.92%
4 France Western Europe 66,997,989 8.11%
5 United Kingdom Northern Europe 66,040,218 7.99%
6 Italy Southern Europe 60,375,738 7.30%
7 Spain Southern Europe 46,733,027 5.65%
8 Ukraine Eastern Europe 42,079,536 5.09%
9 Poland Eastern Europe 38,412,989 4.65%
10 Romania Eastern Europe 19,523,610 2.36%
11 Netherlands Western Europe 17,325,689 2.10%
12 Belgium Western Europe 11,467,351 1.39%
13 Greece Southern Europe 10,741,154 1.30%
14 Czech Republic Eastern Europe 10,652,801 1.29%
15 Portugal Southern Europe 10,276,606 1.24%
16 Sweden Northern Europe 10,263,557 1.24%
17 Hungary Eastern Europe 9,763,989 1.18%
18 Belarus Eastern Europe 9,465,289 1.15%
19 Austria Western Europe 8,869,526 1.07%
20 Switzerland Western Europe 8,542,312 1.03%
21 Serbia Southern Europe 7,001,433 0.85%
22 Bulgaria Eastern Europe 7,000,028 0.85%
23 Denmark Northern Europe 5,811,402 0.70%
24 Finland Northern Europe 5,518,741 0.67%
25 Slovakia Eastern Europe 5,450,410 0.66%
26 Norway Northern Europe 5,334,751 0.65%
27 Ireland Northern Europe 4,856,989 0.59%
28 Croatia Southern Europe 4,130,293 0.50%
29 Moldova Eastern Europe 3,547,528 0.43%
30 Bosnia and Herzegovina Southern Europe 3,300,989 0.40%
31 Albania Southern Europe 2,862,416 0.35%
32 Lithuania Northern Europe 2,791,122 0.34%
33 Slovenia Southern Europe 2,080,897 0.25%
34 North Macedonia Southern Europe 2,075,290 0.25%
35 Latvia Northern Europe 1,915,089 0.23%
36 Estonia Northern Europe 1,324,809 0.16%
37 Montenegro Southern Europe 622,348 0.08%
38 Luxembourg Western Europe 613,883 0.07%
39 Malta Southern Europe 475,690 0.06%
40 Iceland Northern Europe 358,769 0.04%
41 Andorra Southern Europe 76,166 0.01%
42 Liechtenstein Western Europe 38,369 0.00%
43 Monaco Western Europe 38,289 0.00%
44 San Marino Southern Europe 33,411 0.00%
45 Holy See Southern Europe 788 0.00%

Territories in Europe by Population

In addition to independent countries, there are also dependent territories in Europe. See table below for a full list of all 6 European territories, with latest total population and dependencies.

Rank Dependent Territory Population Territory of
1 Jersey 105,500 U.K.
2 Isle of Man 83,314 U.K.
3 Guernsey 62,063 U.K.
4 Faroe Islands 51,705 Denmark
5 Gibraltar 33,701 U.K.
6 Åland Islands 29,489 Finland

European Countries by Area

Below is a list of all the European countries, in order of land area size. Russia is the biggest country while Nauru is the smallest one.

Rank Country Name Land Area (km²) Density
1 Russia 16,377,742 8.96
2 Turkey 769,632 106.55
3 France 640,427 104.61
4 Ukraine 579,300 72.64
5 Spain 498,980 93.66
6 Sweden 410,335 25.01
7 Germany 348,672 237.99
8 Poland 311,888 123.16
9 Norway 304,282 17.53
10 Finland 303,815 18.16
11 Italy 294,140 205.26
12 United Kingdom 241,930 272.97
13 Romania 231,291 84.41
14 Belarus 202,900 46.65
15 Greece 130,647 82.22
16 Bulgaria 108,489 64.52
17 Iceland 100,250 3.58
18 Portugal 91,470 112.35
19 Hungary 89,608 108.96
20 Serbia 88,246 79.34
21 Austria 82,445 107.58
22 Czech Republic 77,247 137.91
23 Ireland 68,883 70.51
24 Lithuania 62,680 44.53
25 Latvia 62,249 30.76
26 Croatia 55,974 73.79
27 Bosnia and Herzegovina 51,187 64.49
28 Slovakia 48,105 113.3
29 Denmark 42,434 136.95
30 Estonia 42,388 31.25
31 Switzerland 39,997 213.57
32 Netherlands 33,893 511.19
33 Moldova 32,891 107.86
34 Belgium 30,278 378.74
35 Albania 27,398 104.48
36 North Macedonia 25,433 81.6
37 Slovenia 20,151 103.27
38 Montenegro 13,452 46.26
39 Luxembourg 2,586 237.39
40 Andorra 468 162.75
41 Malta 316 1,505.35
42 Liechtenstein 160 239.81
43 San Marino 61 547.72
44 Monaco 2.02 18,954.95
45 Holy See 0.44 1,790.91

European Map

Map of European Countries

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