As the world’s most densely populated continent, Europe is located in the northern hemisphere of the globe. It comprises a total area of 10,498,000 km2 and has a population of 744.7 million. The Russian Federation is the largest country in Europe with 17,075,400 km2 , and the most populous nation with 143.5 million residents. Next comes Germany with 357,120 km2 , and a population of 81.89 million.
Geographically, Europe is bordered to the north by the Arctic Glacial Ocean, to the east with the Ural Mountains, to the south with the Caspian and Black Seas and the Caucasus Mountains (natural boundaries between Europe and Asia), and with the Mediterranean Sea. See the following location map of Europe.
How Many Countries in Europe
As of 2020, there are 45 countries in the continent of Europe. There is great diversity between the sizes of each and we can find the small Vatican (0.44 km2), Monaco (0.44 km2), San Marino (61.2 km2), Liechtenstein (160 km2) and the Principality of Andorra (468 km2).
Transcontinental countries in Europe
The following five countries are located both in Europe and Asia. They are listed by population.
The island of Cyprus is part of Asia but politically belongs to Europe. The small island is occupied by Turkey and the United Kingdom, which still have military bases there. Part of the territory, the south, was admitted to the European Union in 2004. Georgia, Azerbaijan and Armenia, from a geographical point of view, are countries belonging to the Asian continent. They are located in the Caucasus region, and considered transcontinental countries. Azerbaijan and Georgia border Russia (European part), the former being a member of the Council of Europe since 25 January 2001.
Alphabetical List of All Countries in Europe
In summary, there are a total of 45 independent nations and 6 dependent territories in Europe. See the following for full list of European countries in alphabetical order:
|#||Flag||Country Name||Population||Official Name|
|1||Albania||2,877,808||Republic of Albania|
|2||Andorra||77,276||Principality of Andorra|
|3||Austria||9,006,409||Republic of Austria|
|4||Belarus||9,449,334||Republic of Belarus|
|5||Belgium||11,589,634||Kingdom of Belgium|
|6||Bosnia and Herzegovina||3,280,830||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|7||Bulgaria||6,948,456||Republic of Bulgaria|
|8||Croatia||4,105,278||Republic of Croatia|
|9||Czech Republic||10,708,992||Czech Republic|
|10||Denmark||5,792,213||Kingdom of Denmark|
|11||Estonia||1,326,546||Republic of Estonia|
|12||Finland||5,540,731||Republic of Finland|
|14||Germany||83,783,953||Federal Republic of Germany|
|16||Holy See||812||Holy See|
|18||Iceland||341,254||Republic of Iceland|
|20||Italy||60,461,837||Republic of Italy|
|21||Latvia||1,886,209||Republic of Latvia|
|23||Lithuania||2,722,300||Republic of Lithuania|
|24||Luxembourg||625,989||Grand Duchy of Luxembourg|
|25||Malta||441,554||Republic of Malta|
|26||Moldova||4,033,974||Republic of Moldova|
|27||Monaco||39,253||Principality of Monaco|
|29||Netherlands||17,134,883||Kingdom of the Netherlands|
|30||North Macedonia||2,022,558||Republic of North Macedonia|
|31||Norway||5,421,252||Kingdom of Norway|
|32||Poland||37,846,622||Republic of Poland|
|36||San Marino||33,942||Republic of San Marino|
|37||Serbia||8,737,382||Republic of Serbia|
|39||Slovenia||2,078,949||Republic of Slovenia|
|40||Spain||46,754,789||Kingdom of Spain|
|41||Sweden||10,099,276||Kingdom of Sweden|
|43||Turkey||84,339,078||Republic of Turkey|
|45||United Kingdom||67,886,022||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland|
The European Union (EU) is an economic and political bloc whose main objective is to maintain peace on the European continent through economic, social and cultural programs. Of all European countries, 28 countries participate in the European Union. Click to see the list of all countries in Europe Union.