List of Countries in Europe

As the world’s most densely populated continent, Europe is located in the northern hemisphere of the globe. It comprises a total area of ​​10,498,000 km2 and has a population of 744.7 million. The Russian Federation is the largest country in Europe with 17,075,400 km2 , and the most populous nation with 143.5 million residents. Next comes Germany with 357,120 km2 , and a population of 81.89 million.

Geographically, Europe is bordered to the north by the Arctic Glacial Ocean, to the east with the Ural Mountains, to the south with the Caspian and Black Seas and the Caucasus Mountains (natural boundaries between Europe and Asia), and with the Mediterranean Sea. See the following location map of Europe.

Map of European Countries

How Many Countries in Europe

As of 2020, there are 45 countries in the continent of Europe. There is great diversity between the sizes of each and we can find the small Vatican (0.44 km2 ), Monaco (0.44 km2 ), San Marino (61.2 km2 ), Liechtenstein (160 km2 ) and the Principality of Andorra (468 km2 ).

Transcontinental countries in Europe

The following five countries are located both in Europe and Asia. They are listed by population.

  • Russia
  • Kazakhstan
  • Azerbaijan
  • Georgia
  • Turkey

The island of Cyprus is part of Asia but politically belongs to Europe. The small island is occupied by Turkey and the United Kingdom, which still have military bases there. Part of the territory, the south, was admitted to the European Union in 2004. Georgia, Azerbaijan and Armenia, from a geographical point of view, are countries belonging to the Asian continent. They are located in the Caucasus region, and considered transcontinental countries. Azerbaijan and Georgia border Russia (European part), the former being a member of the Council of Europe since 25 January 2001.

Alphabetical List of All Countries in Europe

In summary, there are a total of 45 independent nations and 6 dependent territories in Europe. See the following for full list of European countries in alphabetical order:

# Country Name Official Name
1 Albania Republic of Albania
2 Andorra Principality of Andorra
3 Austria Republic of Austria
4 Belarus Republic of Belarus
5 Belgium Kingdom of Belgium
6 Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina
7 Bulgaria Republic of Bulgaria
8 Croatia Republic of Croatia
9 Czech Republic Czech Republic
10 Denmark Kingdom of Denmark
11 Estonia Republic of Estonia
12 Finland Republic of Finland
13 France French Republic
14 Germany Federal Republic of Germany
15 Greece Hellenic Republic
16 Holy See Holy See
17 Hungary Hungary
18 Iceland Republic of Iceland
19 Ireland Ireland
20 Italy Republic of Italy
21 Latvia Republic of Latvia
22 Liechtenstein Liechtenstein
23 Lithuania Republic of Lithuania
24 Luxembourg Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
25 Malta Republic of Malta
26 Moldova Republic of Moldova
27 Monaco Principality of Monaco
28 Montenegro Montenegro
29 Netherlands Kingdom of the Netherlands
30 North Macedonia Republic of North Macedonia
31 Norway Kingdom of Norway
32 Poland Republic of Poland
33 Portugal Portuguese Republic
34 Romania Romania
35 Russia Russian Federation
36 San Marino Republic of San Marino
37 Serbia Republic of Serbia
38 Slovakia Slovak Republic
39 Slovenia Republic of Slovenia
40 Spain Kingdom of Spain
41 Sweden Kingdom of Sweden
42 Switzerland Swiss Confederation
43 Turkey Republic of Turkey
44 Ukraine Ukraine
45 United Kingdom United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

European Union

The European Union (EU) is an economic and political bloc whose main objective is to maintain peace on the European continent through economic, social and cultural programs. Of all European countries, 28 countries participate in the European Union. Click to see the list of all countries in Europe Union.

Map of Countries in Europe


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