List of All Countries in Europe
As the world’s most densely populated continent, Europe is located in the northern hemisphere of the globe. It comprises a total area of 10,498,000 km 2 and has a population of 744.7 million. The Russian Federation is the largest country in Europe with 17,075,400 km2 , and the most populous nation with 143.5 million inhabitants. Next comes Germany with 357,120 km2 , with a population of 81.89 million.
Geographically, Europe is bordered to the north by the Arctic Glacial Ocean, to the east with the Ural Mountains, to the south with the Caspian and Black Seas and the Caucasus Mountains (natural boundaries between Europe and Asia), and with the Mediterranean Sea.
Alphabetical List of Countries in Europe
Europe is made up of 45 countries. There is great diversity between the sizes of each and we can find the small Vatican (0.44 km2 ), Monaco (0.44 km2 ), San Marino (61.2 km2 ), Liechtenstein (160 km2 ) and the Principality of Andorra (468 km2 ). Despite being between two continents, Asia and Europe, the largest countries in Europe are the Russian Federation, Kazakhstan and Turkey.
The island of Cyprus is part of Asia but politically belongs to Europe. The small island is occupied by Turkey and the United Kingdom, which still have military bases there. Part of the territory, the south, was admitted to the European Union in 2004. Georgia, Azerbaijan and Armenia, from a geographical point of view, are countries belonging to the Asian continent. They are located in the Caucasus region, considered transcontinental countries. Azerbaijan and Georgia border Russia (European part), the former being a member of the Council of Europe since 25 January 2001.
In summary, there are a total of 45 independent countries and 6 dependent territories in Europe. See the following for full list of European countries in alphabetical order:
|#||Country Name||Official Name|
|1||Albania||Republic of Albania|
|2||Andorra||Principality of Andorra|
|3||Austria||Republic of Austria|
|4||Belarus||Republic of Belarus|
|5||Belgium||Kingdom of Belgium|
|6||Bosnia and Herzegovina||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|7||Bulgaria||Republic of Bulgaria|
|8||Croatia||Republic of Croatia|
|9||Czech Republic||Czech Republic|
|10||Denmark||Kingdom of Denmark|
|11||Estonia||Republic of Estonia|
|12||Finland||Republic of Finland|
|14||Germany||Federal Republic of Germany|
|16||Holy See||Holy See|
|18||Iceland||Republic of Iceland|
|20||Italy||Republic of Italy|
|21||Latvia||Republic of Latvia|
|23||Lithuania||Republic of Lithuania|
|24||Luxembourg||Grand Duchy of Luxembourg|
|25||Malta||Republic of Malta|
|26||Moldova||Republic of Moldova|
|27||Monaco||Principality of Monaco|
|29||Netherlands||Kingdom of the Netherlands|
|30||North Macedonia||Republic of North Macedonia|
|31||Norway||Kingdom of Norway|
|32||Poland||Republic of Poland|
|36||San Marino||Republic of San Marino|
|37||Serbia||Republic of Serbia|
|39||Slovenia||Republic of Slovenia|
|40||Spain||Kingdom of Spain|
|41||Sweden||Kingdom of Sweden|
|43||Turkey||Republic of Turkey|
|45||United Kingdom||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland|
Transcontinental countries in Europe
The European Union (EU) is an economic and political bloc whose main objective is to maintain peace on the European continent through economic, social and cultural programs. Of all European countries, 28 countries participate in the European Union. Click European Union to see a full list of EU member countries.
Countries in Europe by Population
Currently, there are 45 independent countries in Europe. As mentioned above, the most populous is Russia and the least populated is Holy See. The full list of countries in Europe is shown in the table below, ranked by latest total population.
Territories in Europe by Population
In addition to independent countries, there are also dependent territories in Europe. See table below for a full list of all 6 European territories, with latest total population and dependencies.
|Rank||Dependent Territory||Population||Territory of|
|2||Isle of Man||83,314||U.K.|
European Countries by Area
Below is a list of all the European countries, in order of land area size. Russia is the biggest country while Nauru is the smallest one.
|Rank||Country Name||Land Area (km²)||Density|
|27||Bosnia and Herzegovina||51,187||64.49|
Map of Countries in Europe
Among the most industrialized countries are Germany, the United Kingdom and France. The continent stands out in the manufacture of automobiles, shoes, luxury industry (cosmetics and clothing). Despite this, the global crisis of 2008 raised the unemployment rate of the European continent. France is the world’s first nuclear power producer, from which it extracts 76% of its electricity needs, and sells some to Germany and Belgium.
The agriculture in some European countries, it is not sufficient to meet the population’s needs. In the United Kingdom agriculture occupies a small part of the territory. Agricultural labor use is the lowest in the world and food production meets only 40% of the population’s food needs, the rest is imported. Countries like Spain and Italy are major producers of meat, olive oil and fruits. Already France, stands out with wines and dairy products.
Services and Finance in Europe
The service sector is the strongest in Europe. To get an idea, of the twenty largest companies on this continent, 12 are from the financial sector such as the British bank HSBC or the German insurer Allianz. Tourism is also essential for maintaining balance of accounts. Portugal, for example, receives about 12.76 million visitors in 2018 and this activity already accounts for 13.7% of GDP of this country, according to data from the National Institute of Statistics.
European Climate and Vegetation
Europe’s climate and landscapes feature three major natural regions:
- Northern Europe: domain of tundra (undergrowth, which can withstand very low temperatures), subpolar plains and mountains (polar climate). Mastery of the taiga and land where weeds and wild plants develop; less intense cold region to the west due to maritime influence (cold weather).
- Plains oceanic and continental Europe: plains region, natural environment altered by human action and predominance of agriculture (temperate climate). Mountainous areas dominated by forests and many man-made stretches and some regions with semiarid climate.
- Southern mountain Europe: cold mountain region of high mountains. Mediterranean region with mountains and places modified by human action and regions of Mediterranean plains and plateaus (Mediterranean climate).
European culture is diverse and is the sum of various peoples, religions and knowledge that have developed in this region. The first civilization that influenced the continent was the Greek. Despite being a handful of competing cities, the Greeks left their mark on politics, philosophy, medicine, astronomy, art, etc. They were later dominated by the Romans who copied many of their teachings and expanded their domains to the north in present-day England. The Romans carried their legal system and customs throughout the continent.
Similarly, with the advent of Christianity, European peoples began to develop painting, architecture, sculpture and music always related to the religious theme. Already in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, the revaluation of Classical Antiquity, the realization that there are lands beyond the Ocean, change the Europeans’ understanding of themselves and the world. On this continent, too, are created the machines that allow the Industrial Revolution, liberalism and the struggle for egalitarianism. Art becomes a mosaic of artistic movements such as Impressionism, Cubism, Surrealism and many others that will be reinterpreted by artists from around the world.