Georgia Overview

Country Profile

Known as the Tea Country, Georgia is located in central and western Transcaucasia, an area of 69,700 square kilometers. Its Population is 4.37 million, 70% of whom are ethnic Georgian, with the others Armenian, Russians, and so on. Most residents are Eastern Orthodox, with a Muslim minority. Georgian is the official language, though residents are proficient in Russian. Larry is the currency, and the capital is Tbilisi (Tbilisi).

Georgia National Flag

Georgia’s flag is white with a large red cross in the middle. The four areas of the red cross are each decorated with a small red cross.

Georgia Country Flag

History Summary

Georgia took shape from the 6th to 10th century AD. In the second half of the 19th century, the Russian Tsar annexed Georgia. On February 25, 1921, the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic was established. In the same year, in December, Georgia joined the Soviet Socialist Republic of Abkhazia. On March 12, 1922, Georgia joined the Transcaucasian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic, and in December the same year, it became a member of the Soviet Union. On December 5th, 1956, the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic became one of the Soviet republics. In 1990, the country’s name changed to the “Republic of Georgia.” On April 9, 1991, the country formally declared independence. In 1995, country’s name was changed to “Georgia.”

Economy and Culture Overview

Georgia is an agricultural country, with mainly sub-tropical crops and horticulture. Crops are mainly corn, wheat, tea, tobacco, citrus, and grapes; Georgia is said to be the “tea country.” Animal husbandry and sericulture are more developed, with high silkworm cocoon yield. Industrial electricity, fuel, ferrous metallurgy, machine building, chemical, building materials, tobacco processing, and wine production are also very developed industries.

Georgia Map

Georgia Map

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