Greenland Overview


Greenland (Denmark)

As the world’s largest island, Greenland is located in northeastern North America, ranging between the Arctic Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean. Covering an area of 2,175,600 square kilometers, 4/5 of which are in the Arctic Circle, Greenland has a population of just 56,000, most whom are Greenlanders. Most people profess Christianity, and the official languages are Greenlandic and Danish. The currency is the DKK and the capital is Nuuk.

Greenland Flag

Greenland Country Flag

History Summary

People arrived in Greenland about 1000 BC, migrating from northern Canada to hunt for food. In 1261 it became a Norwegian colony, and in 1380 the Danish conquered the Norwegians, and Greenland was transferred to the jurisdiction of Denmark. In 1933 the Hague Tribunal awarded to Greenland to the Danish, and in 1953 the country became a Danish Constitutional state. With Denmark in 1973 – since joined the European Economic Community. May 1, 1979, saw the formal implementation of an internal self-government, and in 1985 Greenland left the European Community.

Economy and Culture Overview

The fishing and fish processing industries are the main economic sectors, with shrimp, Greenland halibut, cod, and salmon being the primary catches. Animals are also hunted, particularly musk ox, reindeer, polar bears, and seals Minerals such as lead, zinc, chromium, cryolite, coal, tungsten, molybdenum, and uranium are mined.

Greenlanders carve fish and animal bones into a variety of exquisite handicrafts. These come in a variety of shapes, some like birds and beasts, and some like flowers, birds, fish and insects. Hunting is considered a basic life skill, enabling people to catch seals and reindeer. The major forms of transport on the island are ships, helicopters, and dog sledding, although motor boats and bikes are gradually replacing wooden skis and dogsleds.

Most of Greenland is covered by thick ice, and it is cold all year, with the average annual temperature below 0°C. People on the tip of the ice call it “perennial ice,” since the snow has formed over tens of thousands of years. Ice contains a large number of air bubbles into the cold drink cup, will be issued very delicate explosion, is a good cold agent.

Greenland ice sheet

Greenland’s ice sheet covers 80% of the island, spanning 2,530 kilometers from north to south and 1,100 kilometers from east to west, with an average thickness of 1,500 meters. The total area is 183,400 square kilometers, making it the largest expanse of ice in the Northern Hemisphere, and 12% of the world’s total solid ice. The ice has preserved information about many ancient occurrences. ice often Ice that breaks off from and floats out to the sea poses a huge threat to ocean-going vessels.

Sea leopard

Sea leopards mainly live in the Arctic seawater. They accumulate subcutaneous fat in their bodies, which forms a thick layer of fat that is resistant to the cold polar climate, and which also increases buoyancy. There are a total of 19 different species of seals in the world, with the elephant seal the largest. Greenland residents primarily hunt seals, as seal meat is rich in protein and the skin can be used to create clothes, shoes, tents, and living appliances.

Greenland Map

Greenland Map

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