Nuuk is the capital of Greenland. Nearby villages (within Nuuk municipality) are Kapisillit and Qeqertarsuatsiaat. The population in the municipality is 14,874 (2005), of which 14,501 in the urban area of Nuuk. The municipality’s area is approximately 105,000 square kilometers.
The residents of Nuuk are mostly Inuit. Greenlandic is the official language, but many also speak Danish. Due to the large influx to Greenland, where almost 20 percent were born abroad, many other languages are also spoken in Nuuk. Since Greenland was originally a Norwegian colony, Norwegian influence largely dominates its history. An example of this is Nuuk, which was founded by the Norwegian Hans Egede in 1728. The climate is arctic, with an average temperature of seven plus degrees in July, and minus eight degrees in January.