Countries in Central Africa


How Many Nations in Central Africa

Located in middle part of Africa, Central Africa is composed of countries. Here is an alphabetical list of all countries in Central Africa: Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Republic of the Congo, and Sao Tome and Principe. Among them, three belong to the PALOP – Portuguese Speaking African Countries (Angola, Equatorial Guinea and Sao Tome and Principe).

1. Angola

Angola National Flag
  • Capital: Luanda
  • Approximate territorial extension: 1,246,700 km 2
  • Portuguese language
  • Currency: Kuanza

2. Cameroon

Cameroon National Flag
  • Capital: Yaoundé
  • Approximate territorial extension: 475,440 km 2
  • Language: French and English
  • Currency: CFA Franc

3. Chad

Chad National Flag
  • Capital: N’Djamena
  • Approximate territorial extension: 1,284,000 km 2
  • Language: Arabic and French
  • Currency: CFA Franc

4. Gabon

Gabon National Flag
  • Capital: Libreville
  • Approximate territorial extension: 267,670 km 2
  • French Language
  • Currency: CFA Franc

5. Equatorial Guinea

Equatorial Guinea National Flag
  • Capital: Malabo
  • Approximate territorial extension: 28.050 km 2
  • Language: Portuguese, Spanish and French
  • Currency: CFA Franc

6. Central African Republic

Central African Republic National Flag
  • Capital: Bangui
  • Approximate territorial extension: 622.980 km 2
  • French Language
  • Currency: CFA Franc

7. Republic of the Congo

Congo Republic of the National Flag
  • Capital: Brazzaville
  • Approximate territorial extension: 342,000 km 2
  • French Language
  • Currency: CFA Franc

8. Democratic Republic of the Congo

Congo Democratic Republic of the National Flag
  • Capital: Kinshasa
  • Approximate territorial extension: 2,344,860 km 2
  • French Language
  • Currency: Congolese Franc

9. Sao Tome and Principe

Sao Tome and Principe National Flag
  • Capital: Sao Tome
  • Approximate territorial extension: 960 km 2
  • Portuguese language
  • Currency: Fold

Countries in Middle Africa by Population and Their Capitals

As noted above, there are nine independent countries in the Middle Africa. Among them, the largest country is D.R. Congo and the smallest one is Sao Tome and Principe in term of population. The full list of Middle African countries with capitals is shown in the table below, ranked by latest total population.

Rank Country Population Land Area (km²) Capital
1 Democratic Republic of the Congo 86,790,567 2,267,048 Kinshasa
2 Angola 30,175,553 1,246,700 Luanda
3 Cameroon 24,348,251 472,710 Yaounde
4 Chad 15,692,969 1,259,200 N’Djamena
5 Central African Republic 5,496,011 622,984 Bangui
6 Republic of the Congo 5,380,508 341,500 Brazzaville
7 Gabon 2,172,579 257,667 Libreville
8 Equatorial Guinea 1,358,276 28,051 Malabo
9 Sao Tome and Principe 201,784 964 Sao Tome

Map of Central African Countries

Map of Central African Countries

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