Countries in Central Africa


How Many Nations in Central Africa

Located in middle part of Africa, Central Africa is composed of countries. Here is an alphabetical list of all countries in Central Africa: Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Republic of the Congo, and Sao Tome and Principe. Among them, three belong to the PALOP – Portuguese Speaking African Countries (Angola, Equatorial Guinea and Sao Tome and Principe).

1. Angola

Angola National Flag
  • Capital: Luanda
  • Area: 1,246,700 km 2
  • Language: Portuguese
  • Currency: Kuanza

2. Cameroon

Cameroon National Flag
  • Capital: Yaoundé
  • Area: 475,440 km 2
  • Languages: French and English
  • Currency: CFA Franc

3. Chad

Chad National Flag
  • Capital: N’Djamena
  • Area: 1,284,000 km 2
  • Languages: Arabic and French
  • Currency: CFA Franc

4. Gabon

Gabon National Flag
  • Capital: Libreville
  • Area: 267,670 km 2
  • Language: French
  • Currency: CFA Franc

5. Equatorial Guinea

Equatorial Guinea National Flag
  • Capital: Malabo
  • Area: 28,050 km 2
  • Languages: Portuguese, Spanish and French
  • Currency: CFA Franc

6. Central African Republic

Central African Republic National Flag
  • Capital: Bangui
  • Area: 622,980 km 2
  • Language: French
  • Currency: CFA Franc

7. Republic of the Congo

Congo Republic of the National Flag
  • Capital: Brazzaville
  • Area: 342,000 km 2
  • Language: French
  • Currency: CFA Franc

8. Democratic Republic of the Congo

Congo Democratic Republic of the National Flag
  • Capital: Kinshasa
  • Area: 2,344,860 km 2
  • Language: French
  • Currency: Congolese Franc

9. Sao Tome and Principe

Sao Tome and Principe National Flag
  • Capital: Sao Tome
  • Area: 960 km 2
  • Language: Portuguese
  • Currency: Fold

Countries in Middle Africa by Population and Their Capitals

As noted above, there are nine independent countries in the Middle Africa. Among them, the largest country is D.R. Congo and the smallest one is Sao Tome and Principe in term of population. The full list of Middle African countries with capitals is shown in the table below, ranked by latest total population.

Rank Country Population Land Area (km²) Capital
1 Democratic Republic of the Congo 86,790,567 2,267,048 Kinshasa
2 Angola 30,175,553 1,246,700 Luanda
3 Cameroon 24,348,251 472,710 Yaounde
4 Chad 15,692,969 1,259,200 N’Djamena
5 Central African Republic 5,496,011 622,984 Bangui
6 Republic of the Congo 5,380,508 341,500 Brazzaville
7 Gabon 2,172,579 257,667 Libreville
8 Equatorial Guinea 1,358,276 28,051 Malabo
9 Sao Tome and Principe 201,784 964 Sao Tome

Map of Central African Countries

Map of Central African Countries

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