Sao Tome and Principe Overview
The islands of Sāo Tomé and Principe are located off the west coast of Africa in the Gulf of Guinea.. Together they cover an area of 1001 square km and are population by 190,000 people, most of whom are Bantu. Catholicism is the major religion, and the official language is Portuguese. The currency is the Dobra and the capital is Sāo Tomé.
The flag of Sāo Tomé and Principe contains two five-pointed stars which symbolize Sāo Tomé and Principe, the two large islands. Two horizontal strips of green at the top and bottom of the flag represent agriculture, and a horizontal strip of yellow in the center of the flag denotes cocoa beans and other natural resources. A strip red to the left of the flag is symbolic of the struggle for independence and freedom, and the blood of those who fought.
In the 15th century Dasheng Pu was a stronghold of the slave trade. In 1522 the islands were reduced to a Portuguese colony. During the 17th and 18th centuries the islands were occupied by the Dutch and the French. In 1974, the Portuguese reached an agreement with the Sāo Tomé and Principe Liberation Movement, resulting in the islands’ independence. On July 12, 1975, independence was formally declared, and the islands became known as the Democratic Republic of Sāo Tomé and Principe.
Sao Tome and Principe Map