Largest Countries in Africa by Area


Africa is the 3rd largest continent by area, with 30 million km2, occupying 20.3% of the total land area of the Earth. Despite concentrating countless natural wealth, the African continent is one of the poorest in the world.  Africa is bathed by the Atlantic Ocean on its western coast and the Indian Ocean on its eastern side, to the north, by the Mediterranean and Red Seas and to the south, by the Antarctic Sea.

The African continent has 54 nations and a population of 1.2 billion, accounting for 16% of the world’s population. The residents in Africa are mainly black. As the third largest continent on the earth, Africa has an area of about 50.2 million square kilometers. Currently, there are over 800 languages spoken in Africa. Among them, the top ten are Amharic, Arabic, French, Hausa, Igbo, Oromo, Shona, Swahili, Yoruba, and Zulu. Most Africans believe in Christianity, Islam, and Judaism.

Biggest Countries in Africa by Land Area

Geographically, Africa is divided into three parts: North Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, and Islands.

  • Islands (Canary Islands, Sao Tome and Principe, Cape Verde, Madagascar, Comoros, Mauritius, Seychelles and Reunion);
  • North Africa with 7 countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, Southern Sudan, Tunisia);
  • Sub-Saharan Africa: The so-called sub-Saharan Africa is made up of 47 countries.

The 10 Largest Countries in Africa

With land area of 2,381,741 km², Algeria is the biggest country in Africa, followed by Democratic Republic of the Congo (2,267,048 km²), Sudan (1,861,484 km²), Libya (1,759,540 km²), Niger (1,266,700 km²), Chad (1,259,200 km²), Angola (1,246,700 km²), Mali (1,220,190 km²), South Africa (1,214,470 km²), and Mauritania (1,025,520 km²).

Rankings of All African Countries by Area

Among 54 countries in Africa, Algeria is the largest in territorial extension with 2,381,741 km2. By contrast, the Seychelles Islands are the smallest country on the continent with 455 km2. The full list of African countries in is shown in the table below, ranked by size of land area.

Rank Country Name Land Area (km²) % of African Area
1 Algeria 2,381,741 8.076%
2 Democratic Republic of the Congo 2,267,048 7.687%
3 Sudan 1,861,484 6.312%
4 Libya 1,759,540 5.966%
5 Niger 1,266,700 4.295%
6 Chad 1,259,200 4.270%
7 Angola 1,246,700 4.227%
8 Mali 1,220,190 4.137%
9 South Africa 1,214,470 4.118%
10 Mauritania 1,025,520 3.477%
11 Ethiopia 1,000,000 3.391%
12 Egypt 995,450 3.375%
13 Nigeria 910,768 3.088%
14 Tanzania 885,800 3.003%
15 Namibia 823,290 2.792%
16 Mozambique 786,380 2.666%
17 Zambia 743,398 2.521%
18 South Sudan 644,329 2.185%
19 Somalia 627,337 2.127%
20 Central African Republic 622,984 2.112%
21 Madagascar 581,540 1.972%
22 Kenya 569,140 1.930%
23 Botswana 566,730 1.922%
24 Cameroon 472,710 1.603%
25 Morocco 446,300 1.513%
26 Zimbabwe 386,847 1.312%
27 Republic of the Congo 341,500 1.158%
28 Côte d’Ivoire 318,003 1.078%
29 Burkina Faso 273,602 0.928%
30 Gabon 257,667 0.874%
31 Guinea 245,717 0.833%
32 Ghana 227,533 0.771%
33 Uganda 197,100 0.668%
34 Senegal 192,530 0.653%
35 Tunisia 155,360 0.527%
36 Benin 114,305 0.388%
37 Eritrea 101,000 0.342%
38 Liberia 96,320 0.327%
39 Malawi 94,080 0.319%
40 Sierra Leone 71,620 0.243%
41 Togo 54,385 0.184%
42 Lesotho 30,355 0.103%
43 Guinea-Bissau 28,120 0.095%
44 Equatorial Guinea 28,051 0.095%
45 Burundi 25,680 0.087%
46 Rwanda 24,668 0.084%
47 Djibouti 23,180 0.079%
48 Gambia 10,000 0.034%
49 Eswatini (Swaziland) 6704 0.023%
50 Cabo Verde (Cape Verde) 4,033 0.014%
51 Mauritius 2,030 0.007%
52 Comoros 1,862 0.006%
53 Sao Tome and Principe 964 0.003%
54 Seychelles 455 0.002%

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