Largest Countries in Africa by Population


Biggest Countries in Africa by Population

Africa is the second most populous continent on the planet, with 1.2 billion people. The population density is about 30 residents per square kilometer, because much of the continent is adverse to human occupation. The Nile Valley has a population density of 500 inhabitants/km2, while deserts and forests are virtually uninhabited. Few African countries have a numerically larger urban population than the Algeria, Libya and Tunisia.

The largest portion of the African population is made up of different black peoples, the most important of which are Bantu, Nilotic, Pygmy, Bushmen. A significant amount of whites live mainly in the northern portion of the continent.

The 10 Most Populated Countries In Africa

With population of 200.9 million, Nigeria is the most populated country in Africa, followed by Egypt (98.8 million), Ethiopia (98.7 million), Democratic Republic of the Congo (86.8 million), South Africa (57.8 million), Tanzania (55.9 million), Kenya (5236 million), Algeria (43.4 million), Sudan (41.6 million), and Uganda (40 million).

Ranking of All African Countries by Population

Among 54 African countries, the most populous country is Nigeria and the least populous one is Seychelles. The full list of countries in Africa is shown in the table below, ranked by latest total population.

Rank Country Name Population % of African Population
1 Nigeria 200,963,599 15.79%
2 Egypt 98,839,800 7.77%
3 Ethiopia 98,665,000 7.75%
4 Democratic Republic of the Congo 86,790,567 6.82%
5 South Africa 57,725,600 4.54%
6 Tanzania 55,890,747 4.39%
7 Kenya 52,573,973 4.13%
8 Algeria 43,378,027 3.41%
9 Sudan 41,617,956 3.27%
10 Uganda 40,006,700 3.14%
11 Morocco 35,053,200 2.75%
12 Ghana 30,280,811 2.38%
13 Angola 30,175,553 2.37%
14 Mozambique 27,909,798 2.19%
15 Côte d’Ivoire 25,823,071 2.03%
16 Madagascar 25,263,000 1.99%
17 Cameroon 24,348,251 1.91%
18 Niger 22,314,743 1.75%
19 Burkina Faso 20,870,060 1.64%
20 Mali 19,973,000 1.57%
21 Malawi 17,563,749 1.38%
22 Zambia 17,381,168 1.37%
23 Senegal 16,209,125 1.27%
24 Chad 15,692,969 1.23%
25 Somalia 15,442,905 1.21%
26 Zimbabwe 15,159,624 1.19%
27 South Sudan 12,778,250 1.00%
28 Rwanda 12,374,397 0.97%
29 Guinea 12,218,357 0.96%
30 Benin 11,733,059 0.92%
31 Tunisia 11,551,448 0.91%
32 Burundi 10,953,317 0.86%
33 Sierra Leone 7,901,454 0.62%
34 Togo 7,538,000 0.59%
35 Libya 6,777,452 0.53%
36 Central African Republic 5,496,011 0.43%
37 Republic of the Congo 5,380,508 0.42%
38 Liberia 4,475,353 0.35%
39 Mauritania 4,077,347 0.32%
40 Eritrea 3,497,117 0.27%
41 Namibia 2,458,936 0.19%
42 Gambia 2,347,706 0.18%
43 Botswana 2,338,851 0.18%
44 Gabon 2,172,579 0.17%
45 Lesotho 2,007,201 0.16%
46 Guinea-Bissau 1,604,528 0.13%
47 Eswatini (Swaziland) 1,367,254 0.11%
48 Equatorial Guinea 1,358,276 0.11%
49 Mauritius 1,265,577 0.10%
50 Djibouti 1,078,373 0.08%
51 Comoros 873,724 0.07%
52 Cabo Verde (Cape Verde) 550,483 0.04%
53 Sao Tome and Principe 201,784 0.02%
54 Seychelles 96,762 0.01%

Territories in Africa by Population

In addition to independent countries, there are also 4 dependent territories in Africa. See table below for their latest total population and dependencies.

Rank Dependent Territory Population Territory of
1 Réunion 876,562 France
2 Western Sahara 552,628 NA
3 Mayotte 253,045 France
4 Saint Helena 4,049 U.K.

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