Equatorial Guinea has been a brutal dictatorship since independence in 1969, and the president is the world’s longest-serving non-royal head of state. In the 90s, oil and gas were found, but the wealth did not benefit the population.
Key figures and facts
- Capital: Malabo
- Ethnic groups: Catch 86%, bubi 7%, mdowe 4%, annobon 2%, bujeba 1%, other 1% (1994)
- Language: Spanish 68% (official), other 32% (including French (official), Fang, and Bubi) (1994)
- Religion: Mainly Christianity, especially Roman Catholic, various natural religions.
- Population: 1 268 000 (2017)
- Control Form: Republic
- Area: 28 050 km²
- Currency: CFA franc
- GNP per capita: 26 058 PPP $
- National Day: October 12th
Equatorial Guinea Population
The population is estimated at 523,050 (2004) and population growth to 2.7% in the period 1991–2001. The average life expectancy is estimated at 53 years for men and 57.4 years for women. Infant mortality is very high (89 per 1000). Over 40% of the population is under 15 years of age.
The majority of the population on the mainland belong to the people group fang. Bioko has a less uniform population. More than half are bubi, descendants of Bantu-speaking immigrants from the mainland, while the rest consists of fangs and the so-called fernandinos, who are descended from English-speaking creoles. On the coast there are smaller groups of kombe, balengue and bujeba.
Especially in the 1970s, many emigrated, largely as refugees, to neighboring Cameroon and Gabon and to Spain. Until the mid-1970s, there was a significant Nigerian population (approximately 40,000) working on Bioco’s cocoa plantations, but these were expelled and sent back to their home country. Of the approximately Of the 7,000 Spaniards who stayed in the country during the colonial period, only a few hundred have lived.
Nearly 80% of the country’s population lives on the mainland and 20% on Bioko. Pagalu has approximately 2800 residents, And the other small islands (Corisco, Great Elobey, Little Elobey) total approximately 1000 major cities are the capital Malabo on Bioko and Bata on the mainland.
Population of Equatorial Guinea by Year (Historical)
|Year||Population||Annual Growth Rate||Population Density||Global Rank|
Major Cities in Equatorial Guinea by Population
|11||San Antonio de Pale||4,322|
About 93% of the population are Christian, most of them Catholics, but there are some Protestants. About 5% belong to local religions, while a very small minority are Muslims.
Spanish and French are official languages. Bantu-language fangs are most widely used as a spoken language. In addition, pidgin English is spoken, especially in Bioko, and in Pagalu a Portuguese mixed language is spoken.