Countries in Southeastern Asia

The region known as Southeast Asia, as its name implies, is located in the southeastern portion of the continent and covers the territories of countries such as Malaysia, Brunei and Indonesia. A good part of the population of this region lives on agriculture and live in rural areas. Therefore, the urban population in this region is smaller than the rural.

How Many Countries in Southeastern Asia

As a region of Asia, Southeastern Asia is composed of 11 independent countries (Brunei, Burma, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Timor-Leste, and Vietnam). See below for the full list of Southeastern Asian Countries by population.

1. Brunei

Brunei is a small state in Southeast Asia that consists of two separate areas on the northwest coast of the island of Borneo completely surrounded by the Malaysian state of Sarawak. The most common language is Malay and in 2013, more than 400,000 people lived in Brunei.

Brunei National Flag

2. Cambodia

Cambodia, formally the Kingdom of Cambodia, is a monarchy in Southeast Asia. The country borders Thailand to the west, Laos to the north and Vietnam to the east. In the southwest, the country has a coast towards the Gulf of Thailand.

Cambodia National Flag
  • Capital: Phnom Penh
  • Area: 181,040 km²
  • Language: Knmer
  • Currency: Riel

3. Philippines

The Philippines, formally the Republic of the Philippines, is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. North of the Luzon Strait is Taiwan. West of the South China Sea is Vietnam.

Philippines National Flag
  • Capital: Manila
  • Area: 300 km²
  • Languages: Filipino and English
  • Currency: Philippine Peso

4. Indonesia

Indonesia, officially the Republic of Indonesia, is a state in Southeast Asia and Oceania. Indonesia consists of over 13,000 islands and 33 provinces.

Indonesia National Flag
  • Capital: Jakarta
  • Area: 1,904,570 km²
  • Language: Indonesian
  • Currency: Rupee

5. Laos

Laos, formally the Democratic People’s Republic of Laos, is a country in Southeast Asia. The country borders Burma and Thailand to the west, Vietnam to the east, Cambodia to the south and China to the north.

Laos National Flag
  • Capital: Vientiane
  • Area: 236,800 km²
  • Language: Laotian
  • Currency: Quipe

6. Malaysia

Malaysia is a federal state in Southeast Asia, consisting of former British possessions on the Malacca Peninsula and northern Borneo.

  • Capital: Putrajava / Kuala Lumpur
  • Area: 330,800 km²
  • Language: Malay
  • Currency: Ringgit

7. Myanmar

Burma (the name used by the opposition) or Myanmar (the term coined by the incumbent military regime) is by far the largest country on the Southeast Asian mainland. The country borders China, Bangladesh, India, Laos and Thailand.

Burma National Flag
  • Capital: Naypyidaw / Yangon
  • Area: 676,590 km²
  • Language: Burmese
  • Currency: Kiat

8. Singapore

Singapore, formally the Republic of Singapore, is an island nation and city-state that is Southeast Asia’s smallest country. It is a republic at the southern tip of the Malacca Peninsula.

Singapore National Flag
  • Capital: Singapore City
  • Area: 710 km²
  • Languages: Malay, Mandarin, Tamil and English
  • Currency: Singapore Dollar

9. Thailand

Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand, formerly known as Siam, is a country located in the central part of the Indochinese Peninsula, in Southeast Asia.

Thailand National Flag
  • Capital: Bangkok
  • Area: 513,120 km²
  • Language: Tai
  • Currency: Baht

10. East Timor

East Timor or Timor-Leste, formally the Democratic Republic of East Timor, is a state in Southeast Asia. The country consists of the eastern part of the island of Timor and an exclave on the western part of the island. Around 42% of the country’s population is under 15 years old.

East Timor Flag
  • Capital: Dili
  • Area: 14,870 km²
  • Languages: Portuguese and Tetum
  • Currency: US Dollar

11. Vietnam

Vietnam, formally the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is located in Southeast Asia and borders China, Laos and Cambodia. Here on the country side there is news, link tips, latest news from the embassy, ​​travel information from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, our agents’ contact information, events in the country and the opportunity to contact Swedes living in Vietnam.

  • Capital: Hanoi
  • Area: 331,051 km²
  • Language: Vietnamese
  • Currency: Dongue

List of Countries in Southeastern Asia and Their Capitals

As noted above, there are eleven independent countries in the Southeast Asia. Among them, the largest country is Indonesia and the smallest is Brunei in term of population. The full list of Southeastern Asia countries with capitals is shown in the table below, ranked by latest total population and area.

Rank Country Name Population Land Area (km²) Capital
1 Indonesia 268,074,600 1,811,569 Jakarta
2 Philippines 107,808,000 298,170 Manila
3 Vietnam 95,354,000 310,070 Hanoi
4 Thailand 66,377,005 510,890 Bangkok
5 Burma 54,339,766 653,508 Rangoon, Naypyidaw or Nay Pyi Taw
6 Malaysia 32,769,200 329,613 Kuala Lumpur
7 Cambodia 16,289,270 176,515 Phnom Penh
8 Laos 7,123,205 230,800 Vientiane
9 Singapore 5,638,700 687 Singapore
10 Timor-Leste 1,387,149 14,919 Dili
11 Brunei 442,400 5,265 Bandar Seri Begawan

Map of Southeastern Asian Countries

Map of Southeastern Asian Countries


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