Thailand Facts

Thailand, state of Southeast Asian peninsula; 513 115 km2, 69.4 million residents (2018).Thailand encompasses the Chao Phraya River plain, surrounding mountain ranges, the Korat Plateau in the northeast and the northern part of the narrow Malacca peninsula. The country borders west and north to Burma, north and east to Laos and southeast to Cambodia. On the peninsula in the south, Thailand borders Malaysia. Thailand comprises 75 provinces as well as the specially governed district of Bangkok and these form six regions. The capital is Bangkok (5.7 million residents, 2015).

Thailand Country Flag

Country facts

  • Prathet Thai / Kingdom of Thailand
  • Country abbreviation: TH
  • Area: 513 115 km2
  • Population (2019): 69.4 million residents
  • Capital: Bangkok
  • Main language: thai
  • State: Monarchy
  • Head of State: Maha Vajiralongkorn (King)
  • Head of Government: Prayuth Chan-ocha
  • Per capita GDP (2018): US $ 7,274
  • GNI per capita (2018): US $ 6,610
  • Currency unit: 1 baht = 100 satang
  • Currency code: THB
  • Country number (telephony): 66
  • Internet domain name: th
  • Time difference compared to Sweden: +6
  • National Day: December 5 (King’s Birthday)


  • Land use: forest (37%), agricultural land (40%), other (23%)
  • Highest mountain: Doi Inthanon (2,585 m asl)


  • Population density (2019): 135 residents per km2
  • Natural population growth (2019): 0.3%; birth rate 11 ‰, death rate 8 ‰
  • Age structure (2019): 0-14 years (17%), 15-64 (72%), 65- (11%)
  • Life expectancy (2019): men 73 years, women 80 years
  • Infant mortality (2019): 9 per 1,000 live births
  • Population forecast 2050: 63 million residents
  • HDI (2017): 0.740 (place 83 of 189)
  • Urbanization rate (2019): 56%
  • Most populous city (2015): Bangkok (5.7 million residents)


  • Industry’s contribution to GDP (2017): agriculture (8%), industry (36%), service (56%)
  • Export (2017): US $ 235 100 million
  • Main export products: electrical appliances, circuit boards, computers
  • Main exporting countries: China, USA, Japan
  • Import (2017): US $ 203,200
  • Main import products: oil, iron, steel, chemicals
  • Main importing countries: China, Japan, USA
  • Railway network (2017): 4 100 km

Northern Thailand is mountainous, in the east the Korat Plateau extends, and in the far south there are east – west high ridges with some high peaks. The central plains are Thailand’s core land with backland and fertile lowlands. The Gulf of Thailand in the south has several sandy bays with known bathing places. Thailand has a tropical monsoon climate except on the Malacca peninsula in the south, where there is a tropical rainforest climate with two rainy seasons per year.

The country is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy. The king is given in the constitution only ceremonial information. By a military coup in 2006, the old constitution was put into play and a new one was adopted in 2007. The country has been characterized by political unrest after this.

For a period of ten years up to 1996, the country experienced rapid economic growth; the export-oriented industry expanded greatly. In the mid-1990s, the business world was restructured against high-tech industries and wages rose – at which point labor-intensive industries began to seek new low-wage countries. Thailand is now a middle-income country and has the second-largest economy in Indonesia in Southeast Asia. During the 2000s, the country was hit by several severe natural disasters such as the 2004 flood disaster and severe floods in 2011. Both caused great devastation and also negatively affected the important tourism industry.

Thailand Map

Thailand Map

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