List of Countries in South America

How many countries in South America?

As of 2020, there are 12 countries in South America: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay and Venezuela. French Guiana is an overseas territory of France and not an independent country. In this American subcontinent where the predominant language is Spanish, Portuguese is only spoken in Brazil. This country is the most populous with approximately 210 million residents. Brazil is followed by Argentina, with population of approximate 41 million.

With 12 nations, the South America has a population of 422.5 million in total, accounting for 5.8% of the world’s population. The residents in South America are made up of Indians, Whites and people of mixed race. The continent has a land area of 17,850,000 square kilometers, accounting for about 12% of the world’s land area. As mentioned above, Spanish is the most spoken language and residents are primarily Christian.

South America tourism becomes more and more populous. Top destinations include Amazonia (Ecuador), Machu Picchu (Peru), Angel Falls (Venezuela), Torres del Paine (Chile), and Salar de Uyuni (Bolivia).

Alphabetical List of South American Countries

As of 2020, there are a total of twelve countries in South America. See the following table for full list of Southern American countries in alphabetical order:

# Country Official Name Independence Date
1 Argentina Argentine Republic July 9, 1816
2 Bolivia Plurinational State of Bolivia August 6, 1825
3 Brazil Federative Republic of Brazil September 7, 1822
4 Chile Republic of Chile February 12, 1818
5 Colombia Republic of Colombia July 20, 1810
6 Ecuador Republic of Ecuador May 24, 1822
7 Guyana Republic of Guyana May 26, 1966
8 Paraguay Republic of Paraguay May 15, 1811
9 Peru Republic of Peru July 28, 1821
10 Suriname Republic of Suriname November 25, 1975
11 Uruguay Eastern Republic of Uruguay August 25, 1825
12 Venezuela Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela July 5, 1811

Location Map of South America

Map of Countries in South America

Countries bordering Atlantic and Pacific Ocean

South America is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. The countries bordering the Atlantic Ocean are: Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana. And, the countries bordering the Pacific Ocean are: Chile, Peru, Ecuador and Colombia. Bolivia and Paraguay are the only countries that are not bathed by any ocean.

Country Facts and State Flags

Here are brief data and national flags of all South American countries:


Argentina National Flag
  • Capital: Buenos Aires
  • Territorial extension: 2,791,810 km²
  • Language: Spanish
  • Currency: Argentine Peso


Bolivia National Flag
  • Capital: La Paz – Sucre
  • Territorial extension: 1,098,580 km²
  • Language: Spanish, Quechua and Aymara
  • Currency: Bolivian


Brazil National Flag
  • Capital: Brasilia
  • Territorial extension: 8.515.767.049 km²
  • Language: Portuguese
  • Currency: Real


Chile National Flag
  • Capital: Santiago
  • Territorial extension: 756,096 km²
  • Language: Spanish
  • Currency: Weight


Colombia National Flag
  • Capital: Bogota
  • Territorial extension: 1,141,750 km²
  • Language: Spanish
  • Currency: Colombian Peso


Ecuador National Flag
  • Capital: Quito
  • Territorial extension: 256.370 km²
  • Language: Spanish
  • Currency: US Dollar


French Guiana Flag
  • Capital: Georgetown
  • Territorial extension: 214,970 km²
  • Language: English
  • Currency: Guyana Dollar


Paraguay National Flag
  • Capital: Asuncion
  • Territorial extent: 406,750 km²
  • Language: Spanish and Guarani
  • Currency: Guarani


Peru National Flag
  • Capital: Lima
  • Territorial extension: 1,285,220 km²
  • Language: Spanish, Quínchua and Aymara
  • Currency: New Sun


Suriname National Flag
  • Capital: Paramaribo
  • Territorial extension: 163,820 km²
  • Language: Dutch
  • Currency: Suriname Dollar


Uruguay National Flag
  • Capital: Montevideo
  • Territorial extension: 176.220 km²
  • Language: Spanish
  • Currency: Uruguayan Peso


Venezuela National Flag
  • Capital: Caracas
  • Territorial extension: 912.050 km²
  • Language: Spanish
  • Currency: Venezuelan Bolivar

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