Chile Overview

Country Profile

As the world’s most long and narrow country, the Republic of Chile is located in southwestern South America, getting its name for the Indian for “World’s Edge.” An area of 756,600 square kilometers is home to a population of l,559 million, comprised of 75% Mestizo, and 20% white. Residents are Catholic and the official language is Spanish, although the Mapuche Indian language is also spoken. The currency is the peso and Santiago is the capital.

Chile National Flag

The Chilean flag contains blue, white, and red, with a white five-pointed star in the center of the blue. Red symbolizes independence and freedom, white symbolizes the snow peaks of the Andes, and blue represents the ocean.

Chile Country Flag

History Summary

Chile was originally inhabited by Indians, with the Inca Empire reaching its peak in the 16th century. In 1535, Spanish colonists arrived from Peru. In 1541, Santiago City was established, and Chile officially colonized by Spain. On September 18, 1810, the governing Commission implemented autonomy. In February 1817, Chile defeated the Spanish colonial army, declaring independence in 1818.

Economy and Culture Overview

Mining is integral to Chile’s economy, accounting for about 20% of industrial and agricultural output value. Industry is dominated by metallurgical, power, machine building, textile, and chemical sectors. Approximately 1/5 of the population are engaged in agriculture, and the main crops are wheat, oats, barley, potatoes, and rice. The country is rich in forestry, aquatic, and minerals resources, and is famous for its rich copper and saltpeter; its copper reserves, rank amongst the best in the world, earning Chile the reputation “country of Copper.” Rich, temperate forests cover 20.8% of the total land area. is the first Latin American country Dalin exports. Rich fishery resources make Chile the fifth largest fishing nation in the world.

Chile’s garment industry is developed, producing a variety of fashion styles; it is widely felt that Chile is the South America’s clothing trendsetter. Some of the local ethnic minorities still wear distinctive traditional clothing, such as Laokan men who wear woolen capes.

Kuai Er is a popular northern folk dance found in Chile, Argentina, and Peru. Fast, strong, and rhythmic music is played on the guitar, and dancers chase and evade each other, going round and round.

Chileans celebrate a grand cattle festival. Wai Niu Niu is riding the fence. Chile’s sparsely populated pastoral areas contain livestock, which owners corral and count..

Tuoluo Luo Shan Pan – American Observatory

One of the world’s most famous observatories, the Tuoluo Luo Shan Pan is located 600 kilometers north of Santiago, high up in the Andes. From the observatory, all the southern hemisphere stars can be viewed. Tuoluo Luo mountain is near the sea, often shrouded by clouds, but the peak has been over the Sea Ranch for years. The astronomical observatory has advanced equipment and scientists control the entire devices. The largest telescope has mirrors up to 4 meters in diameter. Every astronomical observatory is like a castles for Tuoluo Luo Li Shan added some color.


Chile covers a thin strip of land, 4,200 kilometers north to south, something Kuanjin 90 ~ 400 km, the terrain generally from the north-south, parallel to each other constitute the three tie belt. The country has volcanoes and suffers from frequent earthquakes. The east is high and steep, with the rolling Andes located there; the west is between 500 and 2000 meters above sea level, comprised of coastal mountains; the middle of the country contains the rift valley, extending north and south; and in the north is the Atacama Desert. The climate can be divided into three distinct regions: northern, central, and southern. The north is a dry desert climate; the middle is wet in winter and dry in summer, with a subtropical Mediterranean climate; and the southern is temperate with broadleaf forests and wet tundra climate.

Easter Island stone statue
Easter Island is situated in the Pacific Ocean and covers an area of 117 square kilometers. In 1722, Dutch explorers landed on the island on Easter day, thus the name. The island is covered in 600 huge bust statues which facing the sea, generally 7 to 10 meters high and weighing 90 tons. They are neatly arranged on 4-meter-high rectangular stone pedestals, forceful and in a vivid style. These are long Shiren the first, with high noses, deep set eyes, long ear lobes, shoulders, and protruding mouths. There are 300 mountainous islands southeast of the huge unfinished statues, of which up to 22 meters high and weighs 400 tons.

Atacama Desert
The Atacama Desert is located at the brink of the Pacific waters. It is one of the world’s most arid regions, is said to have not had consecutive 91-year drop of rain the next record. The desert stretches about 1,000 kilometers north to south, and less than 100 kilometers east to west. The formation of the local rare-arid climate and atmospheric circulation is due to a combination of surface topography. Prevailing constant winds, the western Pacific, the already low water temperature, evaporation is not only the water vapor has been central to the Pacific east wind, while the eastern part of the towering Andes is completely blocking the rain clouds from the Amazon plain, resulted in extremely dry climate here.

Chile Map

Chile Map

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