The American double continent extends in its north-south axis from the 83rd parallel north (Cape Columbia) to the 56th parallel south (Cape Horn). This corresponds to approximately 15,000 kilometers north-south. The easternmost point is on Greenland and the westernmost point is also in North America on the 172nd degree of longitude east on the Aleutian island of Attu. It consists of North America (with Central America) and South America. The double continent has a land area of about 42 million km² and is therefore somewhat smaller than Asia. There are over 900 million people in America.
Classically, the American double continent is divided into North, Central and South America on. This also makes sense from a plate tectonic point of view, since North America rests largely on the North American plate, South America largely on the South American plate and Central America on the Caribbean plate. Due to the political demarcation, which is not based on plate tectonics, there are, however, deviations from this allocation.
Anglo-Saxon and Latin American Definitions
In the English-speaking world, North and South America are viewed as separate continents. “America” is used (like “Amerika” in German) as a short form for the United States, while the double continent with ” The Americas”. In Latin America and in the Spanish and Portuguese-speaking countries,” América “is considered a continent.
Map of America
List of All Countries in America
There are a total of 36 countries in American continent, including North America, Central America, Caribbean and South America.
- Argentina is the second largest country in South America and consists of 23 provinces and an independent city called Buenos Aires which is also the country’s capital. Argentina is the eighth largest country in the world to the surface. The country stretches between the Andes in the west to the Atlantic Ocean in the east, Paraguay and Bolivia in the north, Brazil and Uruguay in the northeast and Chile in the west and south. The official language is Spanish.
- Aruba is one of the four autonomous countries within the Kingdom of the Netherlands and is an island in the Caribbean. Aruba is located about 2.5 km north of Venezuela and the capital is Oranjestad.
- Bahamas is a state consisting of a chain of a large number of islands in the Caribbean between Florida and Cuba. More than 320,000 people live in the Bahamas and English is the official language.
- Barbados is an independent island nation in the archipelago of the Lesser Antilles in the Caribbean and is one of the world’s most densely populated states. Barbados is about 430 km² large and consists mainly of lowlands, with some higher regions inland. Just over 290,000 residents live in Barbados.
- Belize is a small country located in Central America and borders Guatemala, Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. Belize became an independent state from Great Britain in 1981 and Spanish is the country’s official language.
- Bermuda is an archipelago in the western Atlantic. It is a British overseas territory which is considered by the UN to be non-self-governing and consists of about 138 islands mostly coral islands. Hamilton is the largest city and capital and a total of 65,000 residents live on the archipelago.
- Bolivia is a country in South America bordering Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay and Peru. On the border with Peru is Lake Titicaca, which is the world’s highest situated navigable lake. Bolivia was named after Simón Bolívar and is a former Spanish colony and since then the country has undergone nearly 200 changes of government. Bolivia is one of South America’s poorest countries but rich in natural resources.
- Brazil is the fifth largest country in the world, both in size and population. Brazil has a common border with all South American countries except Chile and Ecuador.
- Canada is a country in North America. With an area of 9.985 million square kilometers, Canada is the world’s second largest country to the surface, after Russia. With a population of about 34 million, it is one of the world’s most sparsely populated countries.
- Cayman Islands are an archipelago and a British overseas territory located in the Caribbean Sea. The UN considers the area to be a non-autonomous area. The archipelago was first discovered by Christopher Columbus in the 16th century.
- Chile is a country in South America located between the Pacific Ocean and the Andes. The country borders Peru in the north, Bolivia in the northeast and Argentina in the east and south of the Drake Strait. More than 16 million people live in Chile. In connection with the military coup in Chile in 1973, Chilean immigration to Sweden gained momentum and today close to 30,000 Chilean-born residents live in Sweden.
- Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is the fourth largest country in South America and is located in the northwestern corner of the continent. The country has coasts in both the Pacific and Caribbean Seas, and due to its topography, Colombia has a rich nature and varied climate.
- Cook Islands are an archipelago in the Pacific Ocean northeast of New Zealand. The archipelago has about 21,000 residents and the islands can be divided into a northern and a southern group where the southern ones are the most populated and most visited by tourists.
- Costa Rica is a republic in Central America bordering Nicaragua to the north, Panama to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the west and south, and the Caribbean Sea to the east. Costa Rica has a very stable economy and low corruption for the region.
- Cuba, sometimes Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is an island nation in the Caribbean. The state of Cuba consists of the main island of Cuba, Isla de la Juventud and several archipelagos. Havana is the capital of Cuba and its largest city. The second largest city is Santiago de Cuba.
- Dominica is a republic of the Commonwealth of the Caribbean and is located between Guadeloupe and Martinique. Columbus came to Dominica on a Sunday in November 1493 and this is how the country got its name (Dominica means Lord’s day, ie Sunday, in Latin).
- Ecuador is a state in northwestern South America at the equator and borders Colombia and Peru. The country is named after the equator that cuts through the northern part of the country. The border between Peru and Ecuador has long been disputed and border disputes have taken place.
- El Salvador is a state on the Central American Pacific coast, bordering Guatemala to the west and Honduras to the north and east. El Salvador is the smallest state in Central America and borders the Pacific Ocean. El Salvador is sometimes called the Land of Volcanoes and here earthquakes and volcanic activity often occur.
- Grenada is an island nation in the Caribbean, located north of Trinidad and Tobago and geographically belongs to the Gulf Islands in the Lesser Antilles.
- Guatemala, formally the Republic of Guatemala, is a republic in Central America. The country borders Mexico to the north, Belize to the northeast and El Salvador and Honduras to the south.
- Guyana, formerly the colony of British Guiana, formally the Republic of Guyana, is a state in northeastern South America on the Atlantic Ocean. Guyana borders Brazil, Suriname and Venezuela.
- Haiti, formally the Republic of Haiti, is a state in the Caribbean that occupies the western third of the island of Hispaniola. Ayiti was the name of the indigenous people on the mountainous western part of the island.
- Honduras, officially the Republic of Honduras, is a state in Central America. The country borders Guatemala, El Salvador to the west and Nicaragua to the south and has a coast to the north of the Caribbean Sea and a small coastal strip to the south of the Pacific Ocean.
- Jamaica is an island nation in the Greater Antilles in the Caribbean Sea, 234 km long and at most 80 km in a north-south direction. The island is located about 145 km south of Cuba and 190 km west of Hispaniola.
- Mexico, officially referred to as the United States of Mexico, is a federal constitutional republic in North America.
- Nicaragua, formally the Republic of Nicaragua, is Central America’s largest state on the surface. The country faces the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea and borders Costa Rica and Honduras.
- Panama, formally the Republic of Panama, is a country on the Panamanian Peninsula in southern Central America. The country was a Spanish colony until 1821 but gained its final independence in 1903 from Colombia.
- Paraguay, formally the Republic of Paraguay, is a state in central South America bordering Argentina to the south and southwest, Bolivia to the northwest and Brazil to the east. The largest part of the population of 6.5 million people lives in the southern part of the country.
- Peru, formally the Republic of Peru, is a state in western South America on the Pacific Ocean. The country borders Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia and Ecuador.
- Puerto Rico, in English officially the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, in Spanish officially Estado libre asociado de Puerto Rico, is an island in the Caribbean that is an autonomous territory belonging to the United States. The island is the smallest of the islands in the Greater Antilles.
- Suriname, formally the Republic of Suriname, is a state in northern South America on the Atlantic. The country borders Brazil, Guyana and French Guiana and is South America’s smallest independent country.
- The Dominican Republic is a republic in the Caribbean that occupies two thirds of the island of Hispaniola. The third third is occupied by Haiti.
- Trinidad and Tobago, formally the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, is a state consisting of two large and 21 small islands in the Caribbean; Trinidad and Tobago. The island of Trinidad is located 10 kilometers off the coast of Venezuela.
- United States of America, commonly referred to as the United States, is a federal republic consisting of 50 states and a federal district. The forty-eight neighboring states and the federal district, Washington, DC, are located in North America between Canada and Mexico.
- Uruguay, formally the Republic of Uruguay, is a country in southeastern South America, on the Atlantic Ocean. The country borders Argentina and Brazil.
- Venezuela, formally the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, is a state in northern South America bordering Brazil, Colombia and Guyana. Here on the country side there is news, link tips, latest news from the embassy, travel information from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, our agents’ contact information, events in the country and the opportunity to contact Swedes living in Venezuela.