List of All Countries in Central America


Central America is the geographic region within the American continent between North America and South America. It is surrounded by the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean (the Caribbean Sea). Politically it is divided into seven independent countries: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama.

The Countries of Central America feature tropical climate and people, largely mestizo. The population is predominantly Catholic and its economy is based on agriculture. Spanish and English are the predominant languages, but indigenous languages ​​are known to many people because of their ancestry.

Map of Countries in Central America

Map of Central American Countries

Alphabetical List of Central American Countries

As of 2019, there are a total of 7 countries in Central America. See the following for full list of Central American countries in alphabetical order:

# Country Name Official Name Independence Date
1 Belize Belize September 21, 1981
2 Costa Rica Republic of Costa Rica September 15, 1821
3 El Salvador Republic of El Salvador September 15, 1821
4 Guatemala Republic of Guatemala September 15, 1821
5 Honduras Republic of Honduras September 15, 1821
6 Nicaragua Republic of Nicaragua September 15, 1821
7 Panama Republic of Panama November 28, 1821

List of All Countries in Middle America and Their Capitals

As mentioned above, Central America is a subcontinent that has 20 countries out of a total of 37 countries that are part of the American continent. Check out the following list for country profiles:

Antigua and Barbuda

  • Capital: Saint Jonh’s
  • Territorial extension: 440 km²
  • English language
  • Currency: East Caribbean Dollar

Bahamas

  • Capital: Nassau
  • Territorial extension: 13,880 km²
  • English language
  • Currency: Bahamian Dollar

Barbados

  • Capital: Bridgetown
  • Territorial extension: 430 km²
  • English language
  • Currency: Barbados Dollar

Belize

  • Capital: Belmopan
  • Territorial extension: 22,970 km²
  • English language
  • Currency: Belize Dollar

Costa Rica

  • Capital: São José
  • Territorial extension: 51.100 km²
  • Spanish language
  • Currency: Costa Rican Colón

Cuba

  • Capital: Havana
  • Territorial extension: 109.890 km²
  • Spanish language
  • Currency: Cuban Peso

Dominica

  • Capital: Roseau
  • Territorial extension: 750 km²
  • English language
  • Currency: East Caribbean Dollar

El Salvador

  • Capital: San Salvador
  • Territorial extent: 21,040 km²
  • Spanish language
  • Currency: US Dollar and Colon

Grenade

  • Capital: Saint George’s
  • Territorial extension: 340 km²
  • English language
  • Currency: East Caribbean Dollar

Guatemala

  • Capital: Guatemala City
  • Territorial extension: 108.890 km²
  • Spanish language
  • Currency: Quetzal

Haiti

  • Capital: Port-au-Prince
  • Territorial extension: 27,750 km²
  • Language: French and Creole
  • Currency: Gourde

Honduras

  • Capital: Tegucigalpa
  • Territorial extension: 112.490 km²
  • Spanish language
  • Currency: Lempira

Jamaica

  • Capital: Kingston
  • Territorial extension: 10,990 km²
  • English language
  • Currency: Jamaican Dollar

Nicaragua

  • Capital: Managua
  • Territorial extension: 130.370 km²
  • Spanish language
  • Currency: Cordoba

Panama

  • Capital: Panama City
  • Territorial extension: 75,420 km²
  • Spanish language
  • Currency: Balboa

Dominican Republic

  • Capital: Sao Domingo
  • Territorial extension: 48.670 km²
  • Spanish language
  • Currency: Weight

Saint Lucia

  • Capital: Castries
  • Territorial extension: 620 km²
  • English language
  • Currency: East Caribbean Dollar

Saint Kitts and Nevis

  • Capital: Basseterre
  • Territorial extension: 260 km²
  • English language
  • Currency: East Caribbean Dollar

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

  • Capital: Kingstown
  • Territorial extension: 390 km²
  • English language
  • Currency: Jamaican Dollar

Trinidad and Tobago

  • Capital: Port of Spain
  • Territorial extension: 5,130 km²
  • English language
  • Currency: Trinidad and Tobago Dollar

MCCA Countries

The Central American Common Market (MCCA) emerged in 1960 with the aim of creating a common market for the region. From this bloc, it is intended to constitute the Central American Union, in the same way as the European Union. The following nations are founders and current members of the MCCA:

Nicaragua

  • Government: Presidential Republic
  • Independence: September 15, 1821
  • Approximate

    Demographics

    Population: 6,080,000

  • GDP: $ 11.26 billion

Guatemala

  • Government: Presidential Republic
  • Independence: September 15, 1821
  • Approximate

    Demographics

    Population: 15,470,000

  • GDP: $ 53.8 billion

El Salvador

  • Government: Presidential Republic
  • Independence: September 15, 1821
  • Approximate

    Demographics

    Population: 6,340,000

  • GDP: $ 24.26 billion

Honduras

  • Government: Presidential Republic
  • Independence: September 15, 1821
  • Approximate

    Demographics

    Population: 8,098,000

  • GDP: $ 18.55 billion

Costa Rica

  • Government: Presidential Republic
  • Independence: September 15, 1821
  • Approximate

    Demographics

    Population: 4,872,000

  • GDP: $ 49.62 billion

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