Countries in Southern Asia


Located in the south of the Asian continent, South Asia is also known in other classifications as the Indian subcontinent, so it is clear that one of the countries that make up this region is India, the second most populous country in Asia, and the world as well. Other countries present in this region are: Maldives, Pakistan, Nepal, among others. One of the main characteristics of South Asia is that it is one of the poorest regions on the Asian continent. The population faces problems, such as high infant mortality, low life expectancy and little development.

How Many Countries in Southern Asia

South Asia is one of the largest and most populous subcontinents on the planet. Covering the official territory of more than 5 million km², Southern Asia is composed of independent countries (Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka). See below for the full list of Southern Asian Countries by population.

1. Bangladesh

Bangladesh is a republic in South Asia on the Bay of Bengal. Bangladesh is the world’s eighth most populous country and ninety – third largest country by area, making Bangladesh one of the most densely populated countries in the world. The majority of the population are Bengali Muslims, followed by Bengali Hindus, with various Buddhist and Christian communities. The official language is Bengali.

Bangladesh National Flag
  • Capital: Dhaka
  • Area: 144 km²
  • Language: Bengali
  • Currency: Taka

2. Bhutan

Bhutan is a kingdom in southern Asia that borders China to the north and India to the south. The country became independent from India in 1949 and a total of about 750,000 people live in Bhutan.

Bhutan National Flag
  • Capital: Thimphu
  • Area: 38,394 km²
  • Language: Zonca
  • Currency: Ngultrum

3. India

India, officially the Republic of India, is a Federal Republic of South Asia. It is the seventh largest country on the surface, the second most populous country and the most populous democracy in the world. India is often called “the world’s largest democracy”.

India National Flag
  • Capital: New Delhi
  • Area: 3,287,260 km²
  • Languages: Hindi and English
  • Currency: Indian Rupee

4. Maldives

The Maldives, formally the Republic of the Maldives, is an island nation in the northern Indian Ocean consisting of 26 atolls with 1,192 islands of which 200 are inhabited, together populated by about 300,000 residents.

Maldives National Flag
  • Capital: Male
  • Area: 300 km²
  • Language: Dhivehi
  • Currency: Rupee

5. Nepal

Nepal, formally the Federal Republic of Nepal, is a republic on the southern slope of the Himalayas between China in the north and India in the east, west and south.

Nepal National Flag
  • Capital: Kathmandu
  • Area: 147,180 km²
  • Language: Nepali
  • Currency: Rupee

6. Pakistan

Pakistan, formally the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in Asia. The country is usually located in different geographical sub-areas depending on the context, such as the changing Middle East, the Middle East, South Asia, Southwest Asia and West Asia.

Pakistan National Flag
  • Capital: Islamabad
  • Area: 796,100 km²
  • Language: Urdu
  • Currency: Rupee

7. Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka, formally the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island nation in South Asia, located southeast of India. Sri Lanka has around twenty million residents and consists of a large tropical island and a number of small islands. Sri Lanka is a member of the Commonwealth.

Sri Lanka National Flag
  • Capital: Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte / Colombo
  • Area: 65,610 km²
  • Languages: Sinhala and Tamil
  • Currency: Sri Lankan Rupee

8. Afghanistan

Afghanistan is a country in southern Asia and is usually included in Central Asia. The country is mountainous and lacks a coast and borders Pakistan, Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and China. Kabul is the capital of Afghanistan.

Afghanistan National Flag
  • Capital: Kabul
  • Area: 652,230 km²
  • Language: Pachto and Dari
  • Currency: Afghan

List of Countries in Southern Asia and Their Capitals

As noted above, there are eight independent countries in the South Asia. Among them, the largest country is India and the smallest is Maldives in term of population. The full list of Southern Asia countries with capitals is shown in the table below, ranked by latest total population and area.

Rank Country Name Population Land Area (km²) Capital
1 India 1,348,670,000 2,973,190 New Delhi
2 Pakistan 205,051,000 881,912 Islamabad
3 Bangladesh 166,752,000 130,168 Dhaka
4 Afghanistan 32,225,560 652,230 Kabul
5 Nepal 29,609,623 143,351 Kathmandu
6 Sri Lanka 21,670,112 62,732 Colombo, Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte
7 Bhutan 741,672 38,394 Thimphu
8 Maldives 378,114 298 Male

Map of Southern Asian Countries

Map of Southern Asian Countries

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