Countries in Southern Asia

Located in the south of the Asian continent, South Asia is also known in other classifications as the Indian subcontinent, so it is clear that one of the countries that make up this region is India, the second most populous country in Asia, and the world as well. Other countries present in this region are: Maldives, Pakistan, Nepal, among others. One of the main characteristics of South Asia is that it is one of the poorest regions on the Asian continent. The population faces problems, such as high infant mortality, low life expectancy and little development.

How Many Countries in Southern Asia

South Asia is one of the largest and most populous subcontinents on the planet. Covering the official territory of more than 5 million km², Southern Asia is composed of independent countries (Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka). See below for the full list of Southern Asian Countries by population.

1. Bangladesh

Bangladesh National Flag
  • Capital: Dhaka
  • Area: 144 km²
  • Language: Bengali
  • Currency: Taka

2. Bhutan

Bhutan National Flag
  • Capital: Thimphu
  • Area: 38,394 km²
  • Language: Zonca
  • Currency: Ngultrum

3. India

India National Flag
  • Capital: New Delhi
  • Area: 3,287,260 km²
  • Languages: Hindi and English
  • Currency: Indian Rupee

4. Maldives

Maldives National Flag
  • Capital: Male
  • Area: 300 km²
  • Language: Dhivehi
  • Currency: Rupee

5. Nepal

Nepal National Flag
  • Capital: Kathmandu
  • Area: 147,180 km²
  • Language: Nepali
  • Currency: Rupee

6. Pakistan

Pakistan National Flag
  • Capital: Islamabad
  • Area: 796,100 km²
  • Language: Urdu
  • Currency: Rupee

7. Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka National Flag
  • Capital: Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte / Colombo
  • Area: 65,610 km²
  • Languages: Sinhala and Tamil
  • Currency: Sri Lankan Rupee

8. Afghanistan

Afghanistan National Flag
  • Capital: Kabul
  • Area: 652,230 km²
  • Language: Pachto and Dari
  • Currency: Afghan

List of Countries in Southern Asia and Their Capitals

As noted above, there are eight independent countries in the South Asia. Among them, the largest country is India and the smallest is Maldives in term of population. The full list of Southern Asia countries with capitals is shown in the table below, ranked by latest total population and area.

Rank Country Name Population Land Area (km²) Capital
1 India 1,348,670,000 2,973,190 New Delhi
2 Pakistan 205,051,000 881,912 Islamabad
3 Bangladesh 166,752,000 130,168 Dhaka
4 Afghanistan 32,225,560 652,230 Kabul
5 Nepal 29,609,623 143,351 Kathmandu
6 Sri Lanka 21,670,112 62,732 Colombo, Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte
7 Bhutan 741,672 38,394 Thimphu
8 Maldives 378,114 298 Male

Map of Southern Asian Countries

Map of Southern Asian Countries

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