Nepal Overview

Country Profile

Himalayan Nepal, also known as the Kingdom of Nepal, is the world’s only Hindu monarchy. Covering an area of 147,000 square kilometers with a population of 25.87 million, including Rai, Limbu, and more than 30 other nationalities. Residents are Hindu. Nepali is the national language. The currency is the Nepalese Rupee. Kathmandu is the capital (kathmandu).

Nepal National Flag

The flag consists of two stacked up and down red and blue triangles. The flag of the month and on behalf of the Royal Star. Under the flag of the sun symbol from the Rana family. The right corner of the two triangles represent the two peaks of the Himalayas.

Nepal Country Flag

History Summary

6th century BC, established dynasty. 1769 AD: Shah dynasty unified Nepal and continues to this day. 1814, British invasion, forcing large areas of southern Nepal to be ceded to the Indian territory. 1846-1950, years of the reign of Rana family. In 1923, the British recognized the independence of Nepal. 1950, Rana family rule ended, establishment of constitutional monarchy. 1960, King Mahendra reign, the implementation of parliamentary, non-partisan commentary. In 1990, the outbreak of a large-scale nationwide “people’s movement” forced King Birendra to implement a multi-party, parliamentary constitutional monarchy.

Economy and Culture Overview

Nepal is an agricultural country, economically backwards; it is among the world’s least developed countries. The main food crops include rice, wheat, and corn. Cash crops are jute, tobacco, fuel, and others. Forest products are herbs, musk, ivory, and rattan.

Nepalese generally do not shake hands when they meet, but touch each other’s palms together. Nepalese often nod ”no”, while shaking the head gives consent. Generally, a host gives three parting gifts: Nepalese cap, shoes, and a Gallery goli knife. The Gallery Golley knife is a curved waist knife, of exquisite craftsmanship. In the rural areas of Nepal, women are subordinate to men, with little access to education. Women usually wear slippers outside the city, and generally do not wear shoes.


A famous Buddhist shrine located in southern Nepal, providing a good feel for the ancient gardens of Mrs. Wang. According to legend, in 563 BC Maya came here, while down at Saul students learned Darrow (the Buddha). In 249 BC, the Phoenician King Ashoka of India came to pay his last respects and to worship side-by-side with stone pillars. Buddha’s Birthdaycelebration is held every year in this grand temple.

Chitwan National Park

Located in southern Nepal, 120 km southwest of Kathmandu, Lei Puti Valley, an area of 980 square kilometers, was built in 1973 and is Nepal’s first national park. Horned rhinoceros is extremely rare here, as only 1,200 or so remain in the world. Horned rhinoceros are regarded as national treasures in Nepal. The animal is 2 meters tall and weighs over 2 tons, eats grass, and is gentle in nature. In the park there are other rare birds and animals, including the Bengal tiger, a protected animal, in addition to deer, antelope, monkeys, leopards, elephants wild boars, and 36 other species of mammals, plus 400 species of birds.

Nepal Map

Nepal Map

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