Capital Cities in Asia

Asia is the largest continent with 44.4 million km². Together with Africa in second place (30.3 million km²), the two continents make up about half of the land mass on earth.

List of Asian Capitals (Alphabetically sorted by country):

  • Afghanistan – Kabul
  • Armenia – Yerevan

Did you know? Rich and long story. The city today known as Yerevan has been continuously inhabited since the eighth century BC. The city has been the capital of Armenia since 1918. Aragats, the country’s highest mountain (4095 m asl), is seen in the background.

  • Azerbaijan – Baku
  • Bahrain – Manamama
  • Bangladesh – Dhaka
  • Bhutan – Thimpu
  • Brunei – Bandar Seri Begawan
  • Cambodia – Phnom Penh
  • China – Beijing
  • Cyprus – Nicosia
  • East Timor – Dili
  • Georgia – Tbilisi
  • India – New Delhi

Did you know? New Delhi is the capital of the world’s second most populous country, India. In the same country is also the city that is considered to have the highest number of residents (if not suburbs counted), Mumbay (formerly called Bombay), with just under 14 million residents. Photo from New Delhi.

  • Indonesia – Jakarta

Did you know? Ranked by population, Indonesia is the world’s fifth largest country (and the most obviously populous island nation).

  • Iran – Tehran
  • Iraq – Baghdad
  • Israel – Jerusalem
  • Japan – Tokyo

Did you know? Asia is the largest continent in both size and population. For every tenth inhabitant of the earth, as many as six of them live in Asia. Picture from Tokyo, one of the world’s most densely populated cities. The city has gradually grown together with neighboring cities of Yokohama, Kawasaki and Chiba, and together form what is considered the world’s largest urban area with more than 37 million residents (by comparison, all the Nordic countries have a total population of just over 26 million).

  • Jordan – Amman
  • Kazakhstan – Astana

Did you know? Astana was elected as the capital of the young republic of Kazakhstan (Almaty was the capital until then) as late as 1998 (the country became its own state in 1991). Astana is also considered to be the world’s second coldest capital (Ulaan-Baatar, Mongolia, is the coldest). The picture shows a winter-clad Astana with the presidential palace and various modern buildings in the background.

  • Kyrgyzstan – Bishkek
  • Kuwait – Kuwait City
  • Laos – Vientiane
  • Lebanon – Beirut
  • Malaysia – Kuala Lumpur
  • Maldives – Malé
  • Mongolia – Ulan Bator
  • Myanmar – Naypyidaw
  • Nepal – Kathmandu
  • North Korea – Pyongyang
  • Oman – Nutmeg
  • Pakistan – Islamabad
  • Philippines – Manila
  • Qatar – Doha
  • Saudi Arabia – Riyadh
  • Singapore – Singapore
  • Syria – Damascus
  • Sri Lanka – Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte / Colombo
  • South Korea – Seoul
  • Tajikistan – Dushanbe
  • Taiwan – Taipei
  • Thailand – Bangkok
  • Turkmenistan – Ashgabat
  • Turkey – Ankara
  • United Arab Emirates – Abu Dhabi
  • Uzbekistan – Tashkent
  • Vietnam – Hanoi
  • Yemen – Sanaa

11 Facts about Asia

  1. Despite having the largest area, it is still the most densely populated continent.
  2. About. 36 percent of the world’s population lives in China (1,375,410,000) and India (1,285,930,000), the two most populous countries in the world. In comparison, China alone has almost twice the population of Europe as a whole. Both China and India alone have more residents than the whole of Africa together (which is the second most populous continent). There is a big gap down to the US in third place with 323,050,000 residents. (March 2016 figures).
  3. The world’s highest mountain, Mount Everest (8848 masl), is located in Asia on the border between Nepal and China (Tibet). The mountain is named after the British George Everest, who in the 19th century had the main responsibility for mapping India and the Himalayan mountain range of which Mount Everest is a part.
  4. All the 100 highest mountains in the world are located in Asia.
  5. The world’s tallest building, Burj Khalifa, which stands a staggering 828 meters above ground, is located in Dubai, United Arab Emirates (Asia).
  6. The world’s largest lake, the Caspian Sea (371,000 km²), lies between continents Europe and Asia.
  7. The formal name of Thailand’s capital Bangkok is “Krung Thep Mahanakhon Amon Rattanakosin Mahinthara Ayuthaya Mahadilok Phop Noppharat Ratchathani Burirom Udomratchaniwet Mahasathan Amon Piman Awatan Sathit Sakkathattiya Witsanukam Prasit”. Which makes it the longest location name in the world (and, of course, also the longest capital name).
  8. It is not difficult to imagine that it must be built in height in Japan’s capital Tokyo, when the city has no less than 3000 residents per square meter…
  9. Singapore is the world’s most expensive city to live in (According to The Economists’ annual ranking – 2016).
  10. Bejing is the most polluted capital in the world.
  11. Ulan Bator, the capital of Mongolia is the world’s coldest capital with an average temperature of – 1.3 degrees. The warmest capital in the world is also in the same continent. Namely, Bangkok (Thailand) has an average temperature of 25 degrees.

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