“Anyone capable of dominating the conversation around a dinner table in London is capable of dominating the whole world.” – Oscar Wilde
List of European capitals (Alphabetically sorted by country with currency, language and country’s national day in brackets):
- Albania – Tirana (Albanian play – ALL – Albanian / Nov. 28)
- Andorra – Andorra la Vella (Euro – EUR / Catalan / 08sep.)
Did you know? The capital of Andorra La Vella in the small principality of Andorra (as one of Europe’s smallest countries in terms of both population and extent), is the highest situated capital of the continent.
- Austria – Vienna (Euro – EUR / German / Oct 26)
- Belarus – Minsk (Belarusian Ruble – BYR / Belarusian and Russian / July 03)
- Belgium – Brussels (Euro – EUR / Dutch, French and German / July 21)
- Bosnia and Herzegovina – Sarajevo (Convertible mark – BAM / Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian / March 01)
- Bulgaria – Sofia (Bulgarian lev – BGN / Bulgarian / 03 March)
- Croatia – Zagreb (Croatian kuna – HRK / Croatian / June 25)
- Czech Republic – Prague (Czech Koruna – CZK / Oct 28)
- Denmark – Copenhagen (Danish krone – DKK / Danish / 05 July)
- Estonia – Tallinn (Euro – EUR / Estonian / 24th Feb)
- Finland – Helsinki (Euro – EUR / Finnish and Swedish / 06th Dec)
- France – Paris (Euro – EUR / French / July 14)
Did you know? By area, France is the largest country in its entirety in Europe.
- Germany – Berlin (Euro – EUR / German / 03 Oct)
Did you know? With almost 82 million residents (2015), Germany is the country with the second highest population in Europe. (About 110 million people live in the European part of Russia).
- Greece – Athens (Euro – EUR / Greek / March 25)
- Hungary – Budapest (Hungarian Forint – HUF / Hungarian / 20th Aug)
Did you know? Until 1873, the cities of Buda and Pest were on each side of the Danube River, two separate cities. This year both were merged into the city of Budapest.
- Iceland – Reykjavik (Icelandic krone – ISK / Icelandic / June 17)
- Ireland – Dublin (Euro – EUR / Irish and English / March 17)
Did you know? Reykjavik is on the 64th latitude, and is with the northernmost capital of the world. The city is probably also the “greenest capital” in the world, since much of its electricity consumption is covered by geothermal energy (geothermal heat).
- Italy – Rome (Euro – EUR / Italian / Jun 02)
- Kosovo – Priština (Euro – EUR / Albanian and Serbian / 17th Feb)
- Latvia – Riga (Euro – EUR / Latvian / 18.nov.)
- Liechtenstein – Vaduz (Swiss Franc – CHF / German / 15th Aug)
- Lithuania – Vilnius (Euro – EUR / Lithuanian / 16th Feb)
- Luxembourg – Luxembourg (Euro – EUR / Luxembourg, French and German / Jun 23)
- Macedonia – Skopje (Macedonian denar – MKD / Macedonian and Albanian / Aug 02)
- Malta – Valletta (Euro – EUR / Maltese and English / 21st Sep)
- Moldova – Chișinău (Moldovan leu – MDL / Moldovsk / Aug 27)
- Monaco – Monaco (Euro – EUR / French / 19th Nov)
Did you know? The world’s two smallest countries are both located in Europe. The Principality of Monaco is the world’s second smallest (after the Vatican City). The country is so small that the total armed forces consist of 255 men (the bodyguard).
- Montenegro – Podgorica (Euro – EUR / Montenegrin / July 13)
- Netherlands – Amsterdam (Euro – EUR / Dutch and West Frisian / 27 Apr)
- Norway – Oslo (Norwegian krone – NOK / Norwegian / May 17)
- Poland – Warsaw (Polish Zloty – PLN / Polish / 03 May)
- Portugal – Lisbon (Euro – EUR / Portuguese / June 10)
- Romania – Bucharest (Romanian leu – RON / Romanian / 01.des.)
- Russia – Moscow (Russian ruble – RUB / Russian / June 12)
Did you know? The world’s largest country by area, Russia, covers about twenty percent of the world’s land area (more than 44 times the size of Norway). The country is the ninth most populous in the world with just over 146 million residents (2016), of which approx. 77 per cent live in the European part. Photo from Russia’s capital Moscow.
- San Marino – San Marino (Euro – EUR / Italian / 03.sep.)
- Serbia – Belgrade (Serbian Dinar – RSD / Serbian / 15th Feb)
- Slovakia – Bratislava (Euro – EUR / Slovak / 01.sep.)
Did you know? Europe’s second longest river, the Danube, flows through four of the continents’ capitals (Belgrade, Budapest, Bratislava and Vienna). Picture from Austria’s capital Vienna.
- Slovenia – Ljubljana (Euro – EUR / Slovenian / June 25)
- Spain – Madrid (Euro – EUR / Spanish / Oct. 12)
- Switzerland – Bern (Swiss Franc – CHF / German, French and Italian / 01 Aug)
- Sweden – Stockholm (Swedish krona – SEK / Swedish / 06 June)
- Ukraine – Kiev (Ukrainian hryvnia – UAH / Ukrainian / Aug 24)
- United Kingdom – London (British Pound – GBP / English)
- Vatican City – Vatican City (Euro – EUR / Latin / Oct 22)
Did you know? The Vatican City is the world’s smallest country in terms of both area and population. The country’s total area is a modest 0.44 square kilometers (By comparison, Norway’s smallest municipality measured by area, Kvitsøy in Rogaland, 6.17 square kilometers large. That is more than 14 times the size of the Vatican City!). Picture from St. Peter’s Square.
Sayings about European Capitals
- “A bad day in London is still better than a good day anywhere else.” – Unknown
- “Paris is always a good idea.” – Audrey Hepburn
- “A walk around Paris gives you a lesson in history, beauty and the meaning of life.” – Thomas Jefferson
- “Anyone who does not visit Paris regularly will never be truly elegant.” – H. de Balzac
- “All free people, no matter where they live, are residents of Berlin. And so, as a free man, I am proud of the words ‘Ich bin ein Berliner!'” – Thomas Jefferson
- “When I talk about Vienna, it has to happen in the past, much like when a man talks about a woman he has loved and passed away.” – E. von Stroheim
- “Dream anyway, but don’t expect everything to come true. But when you realize it, Vienna is waiting for you.” – Billy Joel
- “I fell head over heels in Moscow. It’s one of those places in the world where you can’t help but stumble across history no matter where you move. It’s a city of enormous contrast. of the world’s most expensive shopping areas. ” – D. Silva