The Vatican City State is an independent state and a principality (papacy) ruled by the pope. This state is located in the northwestern part of the Italian capital Rome. Its government and administration are often called the Vatican after the Vatican Palace on Mount Vatican (one of Rome’s seven hills). In diplomatic contexts, the term Holy See, Santa Sede, is sometimes used.
|Biggest city:||Vatican City|
|Population density:||1,877 residents per km²|
1 euro = 9.76 kr
|Time difference:||+0 hours|
|Electricity:||220/240 V AC, 50 Hz|
|National Day:||April 24|
|Country area code:||379|
|2-Letter country abbreviation:||VA|
|Climate:||temperate; mild winters and hot summers|
A wall that is about 3,200 meters long runs around the Vatican City. The parts of the Vatican that the public can visit are St. Peter’s Church and the Vatican Museums. The Sistine Chapel is reached via the museum complex. Permission is required to visit other parts. In 1984, the Vatican City State was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. The Vatican City is one of Europe’s microstates and the world’s least independent state on the surface. It is also the world’s smallest independent state in terms of population.
The Vatican City’s attractions include St. Peter’s Church, St. Peter’s Square, the Sistine Chapel, the Vatican Museums and the Vatican Gardens, as well as the Pope’s residence in the Palazzo Apostolico, administrative buildings and the Curia’s meeting rooms. The Vatican has been the pope’s residence since the early 15th century. The Vatican City has its own postal service, mint, news agency, railway station and radio station (which, among other things, broadcasts in Swedish). The newspaper is called L’Osservatore Romano.
The following objects in the Vatican City State are listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The year in which the item was added to the list is indicated in parentheses.
- Vatican City State Property in Rome, Basilica of San Paolo fuori le mura (1980)
- Vatican City State (1984)
CLIMATE AND WEATHER
Weather in Vatican City
|Average temperature °C||7||8||10||12||17||20||23||23||20||16||11||8|
The Vatican City is a city-state. It is a historical term for states that consisted only of a city and its immediate surroundings and where the government was exercised by the city.
The term was coined by British historians in the second half of the 19th century to describe the special state of affairs in the free cities of ancient Greece as well as in medieval and renaissance Italy. Together with the Roman Empire before Julius Caesar, these constituted the oldest republics.