Countries in Western Africa


How Many Nations in Western Africa

Located in west part of Africa, Western Africa is composed of 16 countries. Here is an alphabetical list of all countries in West Africa: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Côte d’Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Togo. Among them, two of which belong to the PALOP (Cape Verde and Guinea-Bissau):

1. Benin

Benin National Flag
  • Capital: Porto Novo
  • Area: 112,620 km2
  • Language: French
  • Currency: CFA Franc

2. Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso National Flag
  • Capital: Ouagadougou
  • Area: 274,220 km2
  • Language: French
  • Currency: CFA Franc

3. Cape Verde

Cape Verde National Flag
  • Capital: Praia
  • Area: 4,030 km 2
  • Language: Portuguese
  • Currency: Cape Verdean Shield

4. Ivory Coast

Cote dIvoire National Flag
  • Capital: Yamoussoukro
  • Area: 322,460 km 2
  • Language: French
  • Currency: CFA Franc

5. The Gambia

Gambia National Flag
  • Capital: Banjul
  • Area: 11,300 km 2
  • Language: English
  • Currency: Dalasi

6. Ghana

Ghana National Flag
  • Capital: Accra
  • Area: 238,540 km 2
  • Language: English
  • Currency: Cedi

7. Guinea

Guinea National Flag
  • Capital: Conakry
  • Area: 245,860 km 2
  • Language: French
  • Currency: Guinean Franc

8. Guinea-Bissau

Guinea-Bissau National Flag
  • Capital: Bissau
  • Area: 36,130 km 2
  • Language: Portuguese
  • Currency: CFA Franc

9. Liberia

Liberia National Flag
  • Capital: Monrovia
  • Area: 111,370 km 2
  • Language: English
  • Currency: Liberian Dollar

10. Mali

Mali National Flag
  • Capital: Bamako
  • Area: 1,240,190 km 2
  • Language: French
  • Currency: CFA Franc

 

11. Mauritania

Mauritania National Flag
  • Capital: Nouakchott
  • Area: 1,030,700 km 2
  • Language: Arabic
  • Currency: Eagle

12. Niger

Niger National Flag
  • Capital: Niamey
  • Area: 1,267,000 km 2
  • Language: French
  • Currency: CFA Franc

13. Nigeria

Nigeria National Flag
  • Capital: Abuja
  • Area: 923,770 km²
  • Language: English
  • Currency: Naira

14. Senegal

Senegal National Flag
  • Capital: Dakar
  • Area: 196,720 km 2
  • Language: French
  • Currency: CFA Franc

15. Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone National Flag
  • Capital: Freetown
  • Area: 71,740 km 2
  • Language: English
  • Currency: Leone

16. Togo

Togo National Flag
  • Capital: Lomé
  • Area: 56,790 km 2
  • Language: French
  • Currency: CFA Franc

Countries in Western Africa by Population and Their Capitals

As noted above, there are sixteen independent countries in the Western Africa. Among them, the largest country is Nigeria and the smallest one is Cape Verde in term of population. The full list of Western African countries with capitals is shown in the table below, ranked by latest total population.

Rank Country Population Land Area (km²) Capital
1 Nigeria 200,963,599 910,768 Abuja
2 Ghana 30,280,811 227,533 Accra
3 Côte d’Ivoire 25,823,071 318,003 Yamoussoukro
4 Niger 22,314,743 1,266,700 Niamey
5 Burkina Faso 20,870,060 273,602 Ouagadougou
6 Mali 19,973,000 1,220,190 Bamako
7 Senegal 16,209,125 192,530 Dakar
8 Guinea 12,218,357 245,717 Conakry
9 Benin 11,733,059 114,305 Porto-Novo
10 Sierra Leone 7,901,454 71,620 Freetown
11 Togo 7,538,000 54,385 Lome
12 Liberia 4,475,353 96,320 Monrovia
13 Mauritania 4,077,347 1,025,520 Nouakchott
14 Gambia 2,347,706 10,000 Banjul
15 Guinea-Bissau 1,604,528 28,120 Bissau
16 Cape Verde 550,483 4,033 Praia

Map of West African Countries

Map of West African Countries

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