Countries in Western Africa


How Many Nations in Western Africa

Located in west part of Africa, Western Africa is composed of 16 countries. Here is an alphabetical list of all countries in West Africa: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Côte d’Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Togo. Among them, two of which belong to the PALOP (Cape Verde and Guinea-Bissau):

1. Benin

Benin National Flag
  • Capital: Porto Novo
  • Approximate territorial extension: 112.620 km 2
  • French Language
  • Currency: CFA Franc

2. Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso National Flag
  • Capital: Ouagadougou
  • Approximate territorial extension: 274,220 km 2
  • French Language
  • Currency: CFA Franc

3. Cape Verde

Cape Verde National Flag
  • Capital: Beach
  • Approximate territorial extension: 4,030 km 2
  • Portuguese language
  • Currency: Cape Verdean Shield

4. Ivory Coast

  • Capital: Yamoussoukro
  • Approximate territorial extension: 322,460 km 2
  • French Language
  • Currency: CFA Franc

5. The Gambia

Gambia National Flag
  • Capital: Banjul
  • Approximate territorial extension: 11.300 km 2
  • English language
  • Currency: Dalasi

6. Ghana

Ghana National Flag
  • Capital: Accra
  • Approximate territorial extension: 238.540 km 2
  • English language
  • Currency: Cedi

7. Guinea

Guinea National Flag
  • Capital: Conakry
  • Approximate territorial extension: 245,860 km 2
  • French Language
  • Currency: Guinean Franc

8. Guinea-Bissau

Guinea-Bissau National Flag
  • Capital: Bissau
  • Approximate territorial extension: 36.130 km 2
  • Portuguese language
  • Currency: CFA Franc

9. Liberia

Liberia National Flag
  • Capital: Monrovia
  • Approximate territorial extension: 111.370 km 2
  • English language
  • Currency: Liberian Dollar

10. Mali

Mali National Flag
  • Capital: Bamako
  • Approximate territorial extension: 1,240,190 km 2
  • French Language
  • Currency: CFA Franc

 

11. Mauritania

Mauritania National Flag
  • Capital: Nouakchott
  • Approximate territorial extension: 1,030,700 km 2
  • Language: Arabic
  • Currency: Eagle

12. Niger

Niger National Flag
  • Capital: Niamey
  • Approximate territorial extension: 1,267,000 km 2
  • French Language
  • Currency: CFA Franc

13. Nigeria

Nigeria National Flag
  • Capital: Abuja
  • Approximate territorial extension: 923.770 km²
  • English language
  • Currency: Naira

14. Senegal

Senegal National Flag
  • Capital: Dakar
  • Approximate territorial extension: 196.720 km 2
  • French Language
  • Currency: CFA Franc

15. Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone National Flag
  • Capital: Freetown
  • Approximate territorial extension: 71.740 km 2
  • English language
  • Currency: Leone

16. Togo

Togo National Flag
  • Capital: Lomé
  • Approximate territorial extension: 56.790 km 2
  • French Language
  • Currency: CFA Franc

Countries in Western Africa by Population and Their Capitals

As noted above, there are sixteen independent countries in the Western Africa. Among them, the largest country is Nigeria and the smallest one is Cape Verde in term of population. The full list of Western African countries with capitals is shown in the table below, ranked by latest total population.

Rank Country Population Land Area (km²) Capital
1 Nigeria 200,963,599 910,768 Abuja
2 Ghana 30,280,811 227,533 Accra
3 Côte d’Ivoire 25,823,071 318,003 Yamoussoukro
4 Niger 22,314,743 1,266,700 Niamey
5 Burkina Faso 20,870,060 273,602 Ouagadougou
6 Mali 19,973,000 1,220,190 Bamako
7 Senegal 16,209,125 192,530 Dakar
8 Guinea 12,218,357 245,717 Conakry
9 Benin 11,733,059 114,305 Porto-Novo
10 Sierra Leone 7,901,454 71,620 Freetown
11 Togo 7,538,000 54,385 Lome
12 Liberia 4,475,353 96,320 Monrovia
13 Mauritania 4,077,347 1,025,520 Nouakchott
14 Gambia 2,347,706 10,000 Banjul
15 Guinea-Bissau 1,604,528 28,120 Bissau
16 Cape Verde 550,483 4,033 Praia

Map of West African Countries

Map of West African Countries

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