Guinea-Bissau Overview

Country Profile

The Republic of Guinea-Bissau is a country located in West Africa. In Ballante, “Bissau” means “is in front of the village.” An area of 36,100 square kilometers. Approximately 1.35 million people live in the country, which has an area of 36,100 square kilometers. The population is largely comprised of the Fula tribe and the Ballante family, such as Mandingo. Islam is the primary religion, and the official languages are Portuguese, and Creole generic, an oral language with no writing system. The currency is the CFA franc and the capital is Bissau.

Guinea-Bissau National Flag

The flag of Guinea Bissau is red, yellow, green, and black. Red symbolizes the struggle for national independence and the blood of soldiers, yellow denotes the country’s wealth, harvest and the people, green represents agriculture, and a black five-pointed star symbolizes African dignity, freedom and peace.

Guinea-Bissau Country Flag

History Summary

Portuguese colonialists invaded Bolama Island, and in 1879 it was reduced to a Portuguese colony. In 1951 Guinea-Bissau became a Portuguese “overseas province.” On September 24, 1975, Cape Verde, the African Party for the Independence of Guinea (the PAIGC) under the leadership of the Republic of Guinea-Bissau and the promulgation of the constitution was proclaimed in the liberated areas. The following year in September, the Portuguese to be recognized, and in the withdrawal of all occupying forces in October.

Economy and Culture Overview

Guinea-Bissau is a land of tropical rivers and lakes, with an economy dominated by agriculture, primarily the cultivation of rice and corn. There are ich fishery resources, with good fishing grounds in West Africa, making fishing and coast oil important pillars of the Guinea-Bissauan economy.

Guinea-Bissau Map

Guinea-Bissau Map

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