Papua New Guinea Facts


Papua New Guinea, State of the Western Pacific; 462,840 km2, 8.6 million residents (2019).Papua New Guinea encompasses eastern New Guinea, the Bismarck Archipelago, the Trobriand Islands, the Louisiads and D’Entrecasteaux Islands as well as the islands of Bougainville and Buka among the Solomon Islands. The capital is Port Moresby (317,400 residents, 2012).

Papua New Guinea Country Flag

Country facts

  • Papua New Guinea / Papua New Guinea
  • Country abbreviation: PG
  • Area: 462 840 km2
  • Population (2019): 8.6 million residents
  • Capital: Port Moresby
  • Main language: English, took pisin
  • State: Monarchy
  • Head of State: Elizabeth II (Queen)
  • Head of Government: James Marape
  • Per capita GDP (2018): US $ 2,723
  • GNI per capita (2018): US $ 2,530
  • Coin unit: 1 china = 100 toea
  • Country number (telephony): 675
  • Currency code: PGK
  • Time difference compared to Sweden: +9
  • Internet domain name: pg
  • National Day: September 16 (Independence Day, 1975)

Nature

  • Land use: forest (92%), agricultural land (2%), other (6%)
  • Highest mountain: Mount Wilhelm (4 509 m above sea level)

Population

  • Population density (2019): 18 residents per km2
  • Natural population growth (2019): 2.2%; birthrate 33 ‰, death count 11 ‰
  • Age structure (2019): 0-14 years (36%), 15-64 (61%), 65- (3%)
  • Life expectancy (2019): men 63 years, women 68 years
  • Infant mortality (2019): 42 per 1,000 live births
  • Population forecast 2050: 13 million residents
  • HDI (2017): 0.544 (place 153 of 189)
  • Urbanization rate (2019): 13%
  • Most popular cities (2012): Port Moresby (317,400 residents), Lae (100,700)

Business

  • Industry’s contribution to GDP (2017): agriculture (22%), industry (43%), service (35%)
  • Exports (2017): US $ 8,522 million
  • Main export products: oil, gold, copper
  • Main exporting countries: Australia, Singapore, Japan
  • Imports (2017): US $ 1,876 million
  • Main import products: machinery, transport, food
  • Main importing countries: Australia, China, Singapore
  • Railway network: nothing in operation

Most of the country, located in eastern New Guinea, is covered by a mountain range with many snow-capped peaks; the southern part is a wavy plain. Along the north coast and on islands in the Bismarck archipelago and Lake Solomon there are active volcanoes. The country has a tropical rainy climate.

The country is an independent member of the Commonwealth, and the British monarch is head of state but is represented by a general governor. Parliament is elected in general elections every five years. Papua New Guinea became independent in 1975.

A large part of the population still lives on self-sustaining agriculture. The country’s economy has traditionally been heavily dependent on raw material exports from the mining and oil industry. Another important source of income is agricultural products, especially copra, coffee, palm oil and cocoa. Exports of forest products, which were previously a major industry, have declined in recent years after the government withdrew tax relief for forest companies. The country receives extensive assistance from mainly Australia and Japan.

Papua New Guinea Map

Papua New Guinea Map

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