Guinea Overview

Country Profile

Guinea in West Africa, all known as the Republic of Guinea. “Guinea” by the Berber language, “black” or “black land” evolved, meaning “country of black people.” An area of 245,900 square kilometers. Population of 8.5 million, 40% were Fulani, other Malinke, Susu and more than 20 tribes. Residents are Muslim, the official language is French. Guinean franc currency to. The capital Conakry.

Guinea National Flag

The Guinea flag, from left to right, has three red, yellow and green vertical stripes. Red symbolizes not only the struggle for freedom and the blood of martyrs, but also labor for the construction of the motherland and the sacrifices; yellow symbolizes the sun-drenched country and country of gold, whereas green symbolizes the country of plants.

Guinea Country Flag

History Summary

Between the ninth and 15th centuries, Ghana and Mali were part of the same empire. In the 15th century, the Portuguese colonialists invaded. In 1885, it was designated a French sphere of influence, and was named as French Guinea in 1893. On September 28, 1958, citizens voted against the adoption of the constitution of the French Charles de Gaulle, but the French refused to leave. In the same year, on October 2, there was a declaration of independence, and the Republic of Guinea was established. In April 1984, Lansana Hole put on school-led military coup and established the Second Republic of Guinea. On January 1994, Conte was sworn in as president and set up the Third Republic.

Economy and Culture Overview

The terrain is mainly mountainous. Fouta Djallon Highlands in West Africa is the meeting point of three major rivers Niger, Senegal and Gambia, and most of Guinea’s rivers. It is rich in mineral resources, mainly bauxite, iron ore, diamonds and gold. It exports 40% of the total world reserves of bauxite. Agriculture and mining are the major economic sectors. The main agricultural products are rice, cassava, maize, banana, pineapple and coffee. It has a weak industrial base as one of the world’s most developed countries. It has rich coastal fisheries and there are large areas of south-eastern forests, including rich mahogany, ebony and other valuable timber.

Nimba Nature Reserve

The Nimba Nature Reserve is located between Guinea and Côte d’Ivoire among the Nimba Mountains. It stands in the surrounding savannah on a piece of grassland. The slopes are covered with dense forest, with particularly rich flora and fauna, and some local particular animal species, such as the viviparous toad and chimpanzees. The Nimba Nature Reserve has a total area of 17,130 hectares. The major ecosystem types of tropical humid forests, animals and plants living environment is mainly the higher elevations in the grass. It has a valley covered with ferns and a tropical savanna.

Guinea Map

Guinea Map

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