Equatorial Guinea Overview

Country Profile

The Republic of Equatorial Guinea is located in central and western Africa, covering an area of 2.8 million square kilometers. The population is approximately 54 million, mainly aromatic and Bubi. The principal religion is Catholicism and the official language is Spanish, with French as a second language. Other indigenous languages are also used, Fang and Bubi. The currency is the CFA franc and the capital is Malabo.

Equatorial Guinea National Flag

On the far left hand side of the flag of Equatorial Guinea is a blue triangle which points right, cutting through three horizontal stripes of green, white, and red, with an emblem in the center. Green symbolizes wealth, white denotes peace, red represents the spirit of the struggle for independence, and blue symbolizes the ocean.

Equatorial Guinea Country Flag

History Summary

After the 15th century, Portugal occupied Bioko, Corisco, and the Anno islands. In 1778, Portugal included the three islands, including Aoge Wei River (now Gabon), with Neil Creek coastal areas, designated as Spanish spheres of influence. In 1845, the West established colonial rule. In 1959, Equatorial Guinea became a Spanish overseas province, and in 1964, an internal self-government was implemented On October 12, 1968 independence was declared the Republic of Equatorial Guinea established.

Economy and Culture Overview

Equatorial Guinea is a land of coastal plains, highlands, and many rivers. The tropical rainforest climate results in hot and rainy weather, with the “Forest Kingdom” providing more than 70% coverage.
Wood is one of Equatorial Guinea’s primary economic pillars. The countries major crops include cocoa, coffee, cassava, taro, and bananas, with Bioko Island referred to as the “granary of Equatorial Guinea.” Bananas produced in Equatorial Guinea are known for their superior quality. One type grown are known as “Pigs, bananas,” as they are very thick. After they are steamed they take on a creamy texture, and are known as “meat banana.” In Equatorial Guinea bananas are also often dried and ground into powder to make bread and steamed pudding.

The people of the Mbini River District divide the year into four seasons: the dry season, small dry season, rainy season, and the small rainy season. Although the area is located in the northern hemisphere, the seasons are the same as the southern hemisphere. From December to February the coastal beaches attract many visitors to the hot sand, with many climbing up to the Gulf of Guinea turtle beach.

Bioko Island is known for its taro light production, which is the main food consumed by the islanders. After each year of taro cultivation, people celebrate the famous Taro Festival to pray for the coming year, in the hopes of prosperity and a large crop of taro.


Equatorial Guinea’s coastal zone contains a dense growth of mangroves. Mangroves are a strange beach ecosystem, as they prefer low-lying muddy conditions. When the mangrove seeds float into the sea after two or three months, they quickly take root and grow into mangroves, often more than 30 meters high. Mangrove wood is hard and durable in water and underground is not bad. The growth of mangroves on beaches can gradually deposit sediment, causing beach widening. To the observing the giant mangroves are like red guards, protecting the sea and the embankment.

Equatorial Guinea Map

Equatorial Guinea Map

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