Togo Facts


Togo, state of West Africa, on the Gulf of Guinea; 57,000 km2, 7.9 million residents (2019).Togo borders in the west to Ghana, in the north to Burkina Faso and in the east to Benin and has the south coast to the Atlantic. The capital is Lomé (1.7 million residents, 2012).

Togo Country Flag

Country facts

  • Republic of Togolaise / Republic of Togo
  • Country abbreviation: TG
  • Area: 57 000 km2
  • Population (2019): 7.9 million residents
  • Capital: Lomé
  • Main languages: French, Niger-Congo
  • State: Republic
  • Head of State: Faure Gnassingbé (President)
  • Head of government: vacant
  • Per capita GDP (2018): US $ 672
  • GNI per capita (2018): US $ 650
  • Currency unit: 1 CFA franc = 100 centimes
  • Currency code: XOF
  • Country number (telephony): 228
  • Internet domain name: tg
  • Time difference compared to Sweden: −1
  • National Day: April 27 (Independence Day, 1960)

Nature

  • Land use: forest (16%), agricultural land (44%), other (40%)
  • Highest mountain: Pic Bauman (Mont Agou, 986 m above sea level)

Population

  • Population density (2019): 138 residents per km2
  • Natural population growth (2019): 2.5%; birthrate 34 ‰, death count 9 ‰
  • Age structure (2019): 0-14 years (42%), 15-64 (55%), 65- (3%)
  • Life expectancy (2019): men 60 years, women 61 years
  • Infant mortality (2019): 50 per 1,000 live births
  • Population forecast 2050: US $ 15 million
  • HDI (2017): 0.503 (place 165 of 189)
  • Urbanization rate (2019): 42%
  • Most populous city (2012): Lomé (1.7 million residents)

Business

  • Industry’s contribution to GDP (2017): agriculture (29%), industry (22%), service (49%)
  • Exports of goods (2017): USD 1,046 million
  • Main export products: cotton, phosphate, coffee
  • Main exporting countries: Benin, Burkina Faso, NigerIndia, Burkina Faso, China
  • Imports of goods (2017): USD 1 999 million
  • Main import products: industrial goods, machinery, food
  • Main importing countries: China, France, the Netherlands
  • Railway network (2014): 600 km

Togo has a narrow coastal strip bordered by sand reefs and lagoons. Inside takes a plateau country that is permeated by the Togo Mountains. At the far northwest is a higher granite and gneiss area with distinct rock formations at Dapaong. The country has a tropical climate. Humidity is highest in the south.

According to the country’s constitution, the president holds the executive power. The president is elected in general elections for a five-year term. In the same way, the National Assembly, which has the legislative power, is elected. The country became independent from France in 1960.

At independence, Togo had a well-developed economy for the region. In recent times, the economy has deteriorated, and the country has been in financial difficulties. Agriculture, preferably small farms, accounts for 40 percent of GDP and about half of export revenue. Drought strikes hard for years in agriculture, but otherwise the country is self-sufficient with food. The most important crops are cassava, yams, corn and millet. Togo is a major phosphate producer, and phosphate accounts for much of the export value. In 2007 and 2008, the country was hit hard by floods.

Togo Map

Togo Map

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