Niger Overview

Country Profile

The Republic of Niger is located in the southern Sahara, and means ‘black river.’ An area of 1,267,000 square kilometers contains a population of 11.4 million, with the Hausa tribe comprising the majority of the population (53%). Other tribes include the Tuareg and the Kanu. The majority of the population are Muslim, and the official language is French. The currency is the CFA franc and the capital is Niamey.

Niger National Flag

The flag of Niger symbolizes the desert through the use of orange, with white depicting purity, and green denoting a rich and beautiful land, as well as love and hope. The circle in the middle not only represents the sun but also the people of Niger, protecting their rights at the expense of desire.

Niger Country Flag

History Summary

In 7-16 century, the Northwest is Songhai of Niger. 8-18 century, the eastern empire is bornu. In the 18th century, the Pall Pall Empire was established, and in 1904 Niger became part of the French West Africa territories, later becoming a French colony in 1922. In 1957 the country achieved semi-autonomous status, and in December, 1958, became a French Community in the autonomous republic. In July, 1960, Niger left the French Community, and on August 3 formal independence was declared.


Topography from north to south, The desert covers approximately 60% over the central plateau. Chad basin area low and flat, 500 meters above sea level. South in the Sahara Desert to savannah transition zone, geographically known as the Sahel belt. The average annual temperature above 30°C, is one of the world’s hottest. The most southern part average rainfall of 900 mm, 20 mm in the northern desert only.

Economy and Culture Overview

Niger’s economy is dominated by agriculture, with the main crops being wheat, sorghum, corn, peanuts, and cotton, with cattle, sheep, camels and horses also integral to the economy. Wool and sheepskin are traditional exports, and red goat Pew is considered extremely precious. Specialty “monkeys cow” on his neck sarcoma containing fat, can adjust its lack of nutrition dry grass, it is known as ”monkeys Niger cow town”. Niger has the fifth largest mineral reserves of uranium in the world.

The Tuareg are a semi-nomadic tribe living in Niger’s northern desert oasis. They primarily wear blue dresses and have their faces covered, with only their eyes exposed. Their houses are round, relatively small, multi-frame structures with wood and then covered with grass or palm leaves.

The town of Agadez, situated between the central desert and the tropical wilderness oasis on the town’s main stronghold of Tuareg pastoral areas. The city center has a square tapered clay tower, past the desert caravan of the lighthouse, and witnessed the rise and fall of Agadez 500 years ago.

Niger Map

Niger Map

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