Ivory Coast, State of West Africa; 322,500 km2, 25.1 million residents (2019).The Ivory Coast borders in the north to Mali and Burkina Faso, in the east to Ghana and in the west to Liberia and Guinea and has a coast to the Atlantic in the south. The capital is Yamoussoukro.
- Republic of Ivory Coast / Ivory Coast Republics
- Country abbreviation: CI
- Area: 322 500 km2
- Population (2019): 25.1 million residents
- Capital: Yamoussoukro
- Main language: French
- State: Republic
- Head of State: Alassane Ouattara (President)
- Head of Government: Amadou Gon Coulibaly
- Per capita GDP (2018): US $ 1 716
- GNI per capita (2018): US $ 1,610
- Currency unit: 1 CFA franc = 100 centimes
- Currency code: XOF
- Country number (telephony): 225
- Internet Domain Name: ci
- Time difference compared to Sweden: −1
- National Day: August 7 (Independence Day, 1960)
- Land use: agricultural land (23%), other (77%)
- Highest mountain: Nimba (1,752 m above sea level)
- Population density (2019): 78 residents per km2
- Natural population growth (2019): 2.4%; birth rate 35 ‰, death rate 10 10
- Age structure (2019): 0-14 years (42%), 15-64 (55%), 65- (3%)
- Life expectancy (2019): men 56 years, women 58 years
- Infant mortality (2019): 61 per 1,000 live births
- Population forecast 2050: 51 million residents
- HDI (2017): 0.492 (place 170 of 189)
- Urbanization rate (2019): 51%
- Most populous cities (2015): Abidjan (4.7 million residents), Bouaké (542,000).
- Industry’s contribution to GDP (2017): agriculture (20%), industry (27%), service (53%)
- Exports (2017): USD 11,740 million
- Main export products: cocoa, coffee, timber
- Main exporting countries: Netherlands, USA, France
- Imports (2017): US $ 9,447 million
- Main import products: oil, machinery, food
- Main importing countries: Nigeria, France, China
- Railway network (2009): 660 km
Ivory coastal terrain gradually rises from the coastal plain of the Gulf of Guinea in the south and culminates in the Nimba Mountains in the northwest.
According to the constitution, the country is a democratic and secular republic with general and equal voting rights. The president, who is elected in direct elections for five years, holds executive power. The first parliamentary elections after the civil war in 2002–03 and the new unrest in 2004 were held in 2011.
The country, which became independent in 1960, is one of the world’s largest cocoa producers and also one of the largest coffee producers. These export goods together with oil production are the guiding factors for the country’s economic development. After some bad years in the late 1990s, cocoa prices on the world market rose again during the 1990s. The political unrest and the civil war have put the country’s economy in a very difficult situation.
Cote dIvoire Map